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PROFESSIONAL SOCIETIES Member of: 1944–, Sigma Xi; 1944—, American Chemical Society; 1947–55, Botanical Society of America ; 1947–, Society of General Physiologists; President 1960-61, Vice President, 1958–59; 1948–, American Society of Bacteriology; 1948—_, American Society of Naturalists; 1948-, Society of Zoologists; 1951–, American Society of Biological Chemists-President, 1963–64; 1952—, American Institute of Biological Sciences, President, 1968; 1960, American Academy of Arts and Sciences; 1961–, American Society for Cell Biology; 1963—, National Academy of Sciences; member of Council since 1968.


1957, Harvey Lecturer, New_York Academy of Science; 1958, Barnett Cohen Award, American Society of Bacteriologists; 1964, Rumford Prize, American Academy of Arts and Sciences.


1955-61, Editorial Board, Journal of Bacteriology: 1958-61, Editorial Board, Journal of General Physiology; 1958-65, Executive Editor, Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics; 1959–69. Editor, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications; 1961-62, Editorial Committee, Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology; 1961-64; Science Editor, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey (Co-editor with C. P. Swanson of Foundations of Modern Biology Series, published by Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, N.J.).

W. 1. McElroy was editor, with Dr. Bentley Glass, of: 1950, Copper Metabolism; 1951, Phosphorus Metabolism, Vol. I; 1952, Phosphorus Metabolism, Vol. II; 1954, Mechanism of Enzyme Action; 1956, Inorganic Nitrogen Metabolism; 1957, The Chemical Basis of Heredity; 1955, Amino Acid Metabolism; 1958, The Chemical Basis of Development: 1961, Light and Life.

All of these books were published by Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore, Maryland.

1961, Author-Cell Physiology and Biochemistry, 1st Editor, 2nd Edition (1964), published by Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.

Numerous articles (over 100) in various scientific journals.

ADDITIONAL PROFESSIONAL AND CIVIC ACTIVITIES 19.59-63, Board of Scientific Counselors, National Institute of Arthritis and Metabolic Disease; 1957-62, NIH, Biochemistry Study Panel (Chairman); 1956–57, Department of Defense, Science Advisory Committee; 1952–57, Office of Naval Research, AIBS Microbiology Advisory Committee (Chairman): 1958-61, National Science Foundation, Divisional Committee, Biology and Medicine; 1955-58, National Science Foundation, Metabolic Biology Panel; 1960-63, National Science Foundation, Biology Research Facilities Panel; 1958-63, Atomic Energy Commission Consultant: 1957-62, Trustee, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, Mass.; 1954-62, Trustee, Associated Universities, Inc., Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, Long Island; 1964-present, Trustee, Associated ['niversities, Inc., Brook haven National Laboratory; 1960–present, Trustee; Foundation for the Advancement of Education in Science, Bethesda, Maryland; 1962-66, Vember of President's Science Advisory Committee, Washington, D.C.; 1964-68, Council, National Institute Arthritis and Metabolic Disease, Bethesda, Maryland; 1964-68, Member, Association of Princeton Graduate Alumni; 1965-67, Member, Ad Hoc Committee on Life Science, University of Notre Dame, Indiana; 1965–68, Member, Board of Governors, The Pinchot Institute of Conservation Studies; 1966-present, Board of Directors, Planned Parenthood Association of Maryland, Inc.; 1958-68, Member of Board of School Commissioners, City of Baltimore, Maryland; Subcommittee of the Board of Trustees of the Baltimore Junior College (Chairman of this subcommittee); 1968, Chairman Board of Trustees-Baltimore Community College.

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Business: Department of Biology, Johns Hopkins University, 34th and Charles Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21218.

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Sec. 2 (42 U.S.C. 1861). There is hereby established in the executive branch of the Government an independent agency to be known as the National Science Foundation (hereinafter referred to as the "Foundation”). The Foundation shall consist of a National Science Board (hereinafter referred to as the “Board"") and a Director.

Sec. 3(d) (42 U.S.C. 1862). The Board and the Director shall recommend and encourage the pursuit of national policies for the promotion of basic research and education in the sciences.

Sec. 4(a) (42.U.S.C. 1863). The Board shall consist of twenty-four members to be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and of the Director ex officio. In addition to any powers and functions otherwise granted to it by this Act, the Board shall establish the policies of the Foundation.

(b) The Board shall have an Executive Committee as provided in section 7, and may delegate to it or to the Director or both such of the powers and functions granted to the Board by this Act as it deems appropriate.

Sec. 5(a) (42 U.S.C. 1864). The Director of the Foundation (referred to in this Act as the “Director") shall be appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. Before any person is appointed as Director, the President shall afford the Board an opportunity to make recommendations to him with respect to such appointment. The Director shall receive basic pay at the rate provided for level II of the Executive Schedule under section 5313 of title 5, United States Code, and shall serve for a term of six years unless sooner removed by the President.

(b) Except as otherwise specifically provided in this Act (1) the Director shall exercise all of the authority granted to the Foundation by this Act (including any powers and functions which may be delegated to him by the Board), and (2) ail actions taken by the Director pursuant to the provisions of this Act (or pursuant to the terms of a delegation from the Board) shall be final and binding upon the Foun. dation.

(c) The Director may from time to time make such provisions as he deems appropriate authorizing the performance by any other officer, agency, or employee of the Foundation of any of his functions under this Act, including functions delegated to him by the Board; except that the Director may not redelegate policymaking functions delegated to him by the Board.

(d) The formulation of programs in conformance with the policies of the Foundation shall be carried out by the Director in consultation with the Board.

(c) The Director shall not make any contract, grant, or other arrangement pursuant to section 11(c) without the prior approval of the Board, except that a grant, contract, or cther arrangement involving a total commitment of less than $2,000,000, or less than $500,000 in any one year, or a commitment of such lesser amount or amounts and subject to such other conditions as the Board in its discretion may from time to time determine to be appropriate and publish in the Federal Register, may be made if such action is taken pursuant to the terms and conditions set forth by the Board, and if each such action is reported to the Board at the Board meeting next following such action.

(Pursuant to this provision, the National Science Board on July 20, 1968 “RESOLVEI), that, in accordance with the provisions of Section 5(e) of the National Science Foundation Act, as amended, the Director cf the National Science Foundation may make a contract, grant, or other arrangement, pursuant to Section 11(c) of the Act, as amended, without the prior approval of the Board, Wherever such an award involves a total commitment of less than $2,000,000 or less than $500,000 in any one year, and the award is made pursuant to an established program of the Foundation;")

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(f) (42 U.S.C. 1864). The Director, in his capacity as ex officio member of the Board, shall, except with respect to compensation and tenure, be coordinate with the other members of the Board. He shall be a voting member of the Board and shall be eligible for election by the Board as Chairman or Vice Chairman of the Board.

Sec. 7(a) (42 U.S.C. 186.7). There shall be an Executive Committee of the Board (referred to in this Act as the "Executive Committee”) which shall be composed of five members and shall exercise such powers and functions as may be delegated to it by the Board. Four of the members shall be elected as provided in subsection (b), and the Director ex officio shall be the fifth member and the chairman of the Executive Committee.

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Sec. 8 (42 U.S.C. 1866). There shall be within the Foundation such Divisions as the Director, in consultation with the Board, may from time to time determine.

See. 13(a) (42 U.S.C. 1872). The Foundation is hereby authorized to cooperate in any international scientific activities consistent with the purposes of this Act and to expend for such international scientific activities such sums within the limit of appropriated funds as the Foundation may deem desirable. The Director may defray the expenses of representatives Government agencies and other organizations and of individual scientists to accredited international scientific congresses and meetings whenever he deems it necessary in the promotion of the objectives of this Act. In this connection, with the approval of the Secretary of State, the Foundation mar undertake programs, granting fellowships to, or inaking other similar arrangements with, foreign nationals for scientific study or scientific work in the United States without regard to section 10 or the affidavit of allegiance to the United States required by section 15(d)(2) of this Act..

Sec. 14(a) (42 U.S.C. 1873). The Director shall, in accordance with such policies as the Board shall from time to time prescribe, appoint and fix the compensation of such personnel as mar be necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act. Except as provided in section 4(h) such appointments shall be made and such compensation shall be fixed in accordance with the provisions of title 5, United States Code, governing appointments in the competitive service, and the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of such title relating to classification and General Schedule pay rates: Provided, That the Director may, in accordance with such policies as the Board shall from time to time prescribe, employ such technical and professional personnel and fix their compensation, without regard to such provisions, as he may deem necessary for the discharge of the responsibilities of the Foundation under this Act. The members of the special commissions shall be appointed without regard to the provisions of title 5, United States Code, governing appointments in the competitive service.

(b) Neither the Director, the Deputy Director, nor any Assistant Director shall engage in any other business, vocation, or employment while serving in such position; nor shall the Director, the Deputy Director, or any Assistant Director, except with the approval of the Board, hold any office in, or act in any capacity for, any organization agency, or institution with which the Foundation makes any grant, contract, or other arrangement under this Act.

The CHAIRMAN. We will now receive for the record the statements of Senator Mathias of Maryland and Senator Prouty of Vermont.



Senator VATHIAS. Thank you very much. I want to briefly introduce Dr. VIcElroy to the committee. We are very proud of him in Marvlad. I think that there is very little that I could add to the views that have been expressed by Dr. Milton Eisenbower, the president emeritis of Johns Hopkins University, that this is the greatest honor that can be heaped upon a man in his profession.

I think that not only is be distinguished as a scientist, but, as you will note from the bibliography which will be presented to the committee, that he has taken a very active role in community life in Maryland. He has a broad and human point of view and we are pleased that the President has seen fit to submit Dr. VeElroy's name to the Salate for confirmation.

I look forward to the favorable reaction of the committee and to supporti un his nomination on the floor.

Thank you very muci. Vr. Chairman.
The CHAIRMAX. Thank you, Senator Vlathias.



Mr. Chairman, I would like to welcome Dr. McElroy before this committee and say that in my role as the ranking Republican on the National Science Foundation Subcommittee I look forward to a close Working relationship with him.

As you are aware, the subcommittee and full committee have in turn unanimously reported S. 1857, a bill to authorize National Science Foundation appropriations for fiscal year 1970. This first authorization under the National Science Foundation Act of 1968 proved to me the great value of regular hearings on the Foundation's activities. We held Very productive hearings on May 7 and I feel that the subcommittee members and the Foundation benefited from the exchange of views and concerns that developed.

I am sure the subcommittee's close relationship with the Foundation will continue. The support of our Nation's scientific research and education are of concern to us all. Unfortunately it is often difficult to follow the more esoteric direction in which our scientific community leads us. I hope you, Dr. McElroy, will be patient with me as a layman as we delve into fields in which I have great interest but little expertise.

Dr. McElroy, I have studied carefully your qualifications for this position and I am particularly pleased with the enthusiasm expressed by your colleagues. What I noticed first off was the praise for your ability

as an administrator. Your record at Johns Hopkins adds credence to this praise. I think that any organization with a budget of one-half million dollars and such farflung activities can only benefit from the tutelage of a man hailed as an excellent administrator.

I look forward to your prompt confirmation, Doctor.
The Chairmax. Thank you, Senator Prouty.

We have William D. McElroy of Maryland before us. He has one asset that I had not anticipated, Dr. McElroy was born in Rogers, Ter. Dr. McElroy received his bachelor's degree in 1939 from Stanford University, at Stanford, Calif. In 1941 he received his master's degree at Reed College, Portland, Oreg.; in 1943 he received his Ph. D. from Princeton University.

In 1962 he received an honorary degree from the University of Buffalo.

From 1944 to 1945 he was in the Office of Scientific Research and Development, U.S. Government; in 1946, instructor, Department of Biology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md.; 1946-48, he was assistant professor, Department of Biology, Johns Hopkins University; 1948-51, associate professor, Department of Biology, Johns Hopkins University; since 1951, professor, Department of Biology, Johns Hopkins University; since 1949, director, McCollumPratt Institute, Johns Hopkins University; 1956-61, instructor, physiology course, Marine Biology Laboratory, Woods Hole, Mass.--summer activity; and since 1956, chairman, Department of Biology, Johns Hopkins University.

You have quite a few books that you have written. It goes on for about two pages. I should say more for about a page and a half.

I feel that I should read every one publicly here, but we have only 2 minutes left to 1, and the Senate goes in at 1; so we recognize your high achievements, and I have placed the full statement in the record to be printed for everyone in the Senate; and I have here also a 24-page document of the statutory functions of the Director.

I assume that you know the statutory functions and I assume that you know the regulations within the Foundation itself?

Dr. McELROY. Yes.

The CHAIRMAN. And the distribution of the duties and various personnel?

Dr. McELROY. Yes, sir.

The CHAIRMAN. And I assume, Dr. McElroy, that you do have the appropriate scientific background for the National Science Foundation?

Dr. McElroy. I do; yes, sir.
The CHAIRMAN. I have no questions.

Senator Pell. There is one phase of your work that is particularly interesting to me. I would be grateful for your thoughts concerning the national Sea Grants College program. This is an item in the budget and I was wondering how you felt on this program? It has not been appropriated, but it is in the budget.

Dr. McELROY. Well, since I have been working in the area of the marine sciences, I know what you are speaking of.

I think it is an excellent program and one that should be expanded because I think the ocean represents one of our greatest unknown natural resources that will give us help in the future.

Seantor Pell. One of the reasons that I am so glad that you are going into this very responsible job is because of your excellent background.

You know the National Science Foundation has largely had some reluctance to take on any applied research. They have now overcome that, and they have really done their very best, I think. But I was wondering if you yourself are in favor of expanding this program so that we could really achieve something of this vast potential. I know that you are aware of this,

Dr. McElroy. Well, I think the whole program, particularly dealing with primary productivity in the estuaries, has to have a lot of work done in it, but I feel that it should be expanded tremendously.

Senator PELL. One of the problems was that it was a separate line item. I hope that your background in this will contribute greatly to it. I know that it will. You can give more push to this program and it will have a tremendous impact on the welfare of the world and the welfare of our comtry for many years to come.

Dr. McElroy. I could not agree with you more, sir.

The CHAIRMAN. Dr. McElroy, I have one question that Senator Javits and Senator Prouty wanted to ask. But they had to leave.

Dr. McElroy, in a recent edition of the Science magazine it indicated that you expect to begin work on a part-time basis, July 1, and devote full time to the Foundation starting next fall.

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