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but of scenery and pageant.” His mar- antiquated and inefficient parish constavellous performance of Louis XI. in Mr. bles to whom previously the custody of Dion Boucicault's version of M. Dela. our streets by night was entrusted. Sir vigne's play, went far towards silencing Richard was nominated a Companion of liis detractors, for it proved that he could the Bath in 1817, in recognition of his draw crowds by the force of unassisted official services, and was advanced to the acting. Judicious critics, too, began to dignity of a K.C.B., civil division, at the reflect that his most sumptuous displays time of the Great Exhibition of 1851. of stage-decoration were not mere empty Sir Richard Mayne married, in 1831, show, but real practical lessons in archæ. Georgina, eldest daughter of Mr. Thomas ology not to be found elsewhere.

Carvic, of Wyke, Yorkshire, and of Moat A banquet, over which the Duke of Mount, Highwood, Middlesex, by whom Newcastle presided, and at which Mr. he had a family, Gladstone spoke, in presenting a splendid testimonial from his old Etonian friends,

DR. MILMAN. signalized Mr. Kean's retirement from the management of the Princess's in The Very Rev. Henry Hart Milman, 1859. In the autumn of that year Mr. D.D., Dean of St. Paul's, an eminent and Mrs. Kean left London to fulfil a author and divine, who died on the 24th long round of provincial engagements, of September, at his residence, Queen's but returned again in 1861, and shortly Hill Lodge, Ascot, was the third son of afterwards appeared at Drury Lane, their Sir Francis Milman, first Baronet, by last appearance at that theatre being on his wife, Frances, daughter of Willian the 22nd of May, 1862. In 1863, they Hart, Esq. He was born in 1791, and commenced their professional tour with was educated at Dr. Burney's school at a visit to Australia, which was followed Greenwich, and at Eton College. From by a series of performances through the Eton he went to Oxford, where he enUnited States. They came back to tered Brasenose College; he, in 1812, London in 1866, and again appeared at won the Newdigate prize for an English the Princess's Theatre. This performance poem, and, in 1813, the Chancellor's prize was followed by another provincial en- for a Latin poem, in which year he also gagement, and Mr. Charles Kean's last obtained his degree of B.A., taking a appearance upon any stage was on the first class in classics. He about this time evening of the 28th of May, 1867, at the produced the tragedy of “ Fazio,” which Prince of Wales Theatre, Liverpool, in was acted at Covent Garden, where Miss his celebrated character of Louis XI. On O'Neill played the part of Bianca, the the following day be was seized with a

heroine. It has continued to be a stock lingering illness, which unhappily ter- play. Dr. Milman was ordained in 1816, minated in his death, on the 22nd of and the following year was appointed January.

Vicar of St. Mary's, Reading-a preferment which he held for eighteen years.

Continuing his literary labours, be sucSIR RICHARD MAYNE, K.C.B.

sively brought out “Samor," an heroic Sir Richard Mayne, Chief Commis- poem ; “ The Fall of Jerusalem,” “ The sioner of the Metropolitan Police, was Martyr of Antioch,” “ Belshazzar," and a son of the Hon. Edward Mayne, who “ Anne Boleyn” – all dramatic poems. was one of the Judges of the Court of He became, in 1827, Bampton Lecturer ; King's Bench in Ireland from 1817 to and he was, from 1821, for ten years 1820, and who is said to have been a Professor of Poetry at Oxford. He pubmember of an old Kentish family which lished a metrical version in English of migrated into Ireland in the reign of a Sanscrit poem, entitled “Naba and Elizabeth, and established itself in the Damayanta." Then came his most imcounties of Fermanagh and Monaghan. portant works—“ The History of the He was born in Dublin in 1796, and was Jews," “ The History of Christianity, educated at Trinity College, Dublin, and from the Birth of Christ to the Abolition afterwards at Trinity College, Cambridge, of Paganism in the Roman Empire ;” where he took his B.A. degree in 1817, and the “History of Latin Christianity and proceeded M.A. in 1821. He was to the Pontificate of Nicholas V." He called to the Bar at Lincoln's Inn in the was appointed, in 1835, Rector of St. following year, and at one time went Margaret's, and Canon of Westminster; the Northern Circuit. He was nominated and was promoted, in 1849, to the in 1829 by Sir Robert Peel, then Home Deanery of St. Paul's.

He wrote a Secretary, to the post of Chief Commis. Life of Kents; and a Life of Horace, sioner of Metropolitan Police, on the which is prefixed to the beautiful illusestablishment of that force in lieu of the trated edition of that poet published in 1849. He also prepared an edition, with Torre Argentina), an opera buffa, which copious notes, of Gibbon's “ Decline and was hopelessly condemned on the first Fall of the Roman Empire.”

night, but now, more than half a century Dr. Milman married Mary Anne, daughter later, is perhaps the most popular of all of Lieutenant-General William Cockell, operas except Mozart's Don Giovanni. and had issue four sons. Dean Milman was Il Barbiere was successively followed by much and justly beloved both in public Otello (1816—Teatro del Fondo, Naples), and private life. His society had a Cenerentola (1817— Rome), and La Gaz. charm about it that fascinated all within za Ladra (1817 — the Scala, Milan). its influence. His knowledge on most Happily each of these works, which másubjects was wonderful, and its effect was terially increased their author's fame, enhanced by the honest earnestness and endures and is likely to endure. To these thorough amiability of his disposition. succeeded several others, amongst which

was Semiramide, which is popular to this ROSSINI.

day, and the last of Rossini's purely

Italian operas (his last, indeed, composed Gioacchino Antonio Rossini, the illus.

for Italy) was first played at the Fenice, trious Italian composer, who died in Paris in Venice, February 23, 1823, with any on the 13th of November, was born in thing but the success that has universally 1792 at Pesaro, where his parents were attended it since. in poor circumstances, his father belong. After going to Vienna, and much to ing to a strolling company of musicians. the chagrin of Beethoven, who was noWhen about fifteen years of age, Rossini thing if not German-turning the heads entered the Lyceum of Bologna, where of the fickle Viennese, Rossini visited Lon. he studied counterpoint and composition don. The great Italian, who sang and under Stanislao Mattei-himself a fa- played just as well as he composed, and vourite pupil of the famous Padre Mar. was not less prepossessing as a man than tini. The opera which first made him

gifted as a musician, was every where famous was Tancredi, brought out during welcomed and fêted in the English capithe Carnival of Venice at the Teatro tal. He then commenced his career as Fenice, in 1813; and this was followed, director of the Opéra Italien in Paris, some months later, by L’Italiana in where, after much opposition, both inteAlgeri, at the Teatro San Benedetto, in rested and disinterested, his music acthe same city, and with a success in no quired extraordinary popularity. There, degree inferior. By these two works the on the 3rd of August, 1829, he crowned young composer had shown himself equally the edifice of his glory with his immortal a master of opera seria and opera buffa. masterpiece, Guillaume Tell. It is unHis style, too, was now thoroughly ma- necessary to say one word about the tured, and what has ever since been universally popular Stabat Mater, a masrecognized as the school of Rossini, a terpiece in another style. school which has found more disciples, In 1847 Rossini moved to Florence, good, bad, and indifferent, than probably and in 1855, his health being much imany other in any art, may be said from paired, by the advice of his doctor, quit. that moment to have declared itself. The ted Florence for Paris, which he never vogne thus obtained by Rossini was, if afterwards left, dwelling during the sumpossible, increased by Il Turco in Italia, mer in a villa he had built for himself at composed for the Scala, in the autumn Passy, and during the winter in apartof 1814, and at once accepted as a worthy ments in the Rue de la Chaussée d'Antin. pendant to L'Italiana in Algeri. İl At Paris, where, after a time, his health Turco was followed by Elisabetta Regina was completely restored, he was the object d'Inghilterra (Naples, 1815), which had of attention and solicitude from high and an enormous success, and is especially low, for he was sought out and courted, remembered as the opera in which Rossini not merely on account of his fame as a first set the example of writing his own composer, but for his wit, his humour, ornaments and “ fioriture,” which pre- his amiability, and general goodness. viously, in accordance with long custom, With him departed one of the most used to be either prepared or extempo- remarkable geniuses and one of the kindrized by the singers themselves. The liest spirits of the nineteenth century. San Carlo, where it was produced, was at that time considered the first lyric

MR. JUSTICE SHEE. theatre of Italy. Elisabetta was followed by Torvaldo e Dorliska (Rome, 1815), The Hon. Sir William Shee, one of the an opera seria, which failed, and Tor- Justices of the Court of Queen's Bench, a raldo e Dorliska by Il Barbiere di distinguished lawyer, advocate, and Judge, Siviglia (Rome, 1816—at the Teatro di who died on the 19th of February, was the

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son of Joseph Shee, Esq., of Thomastown, Liverpool, by his wife, Ann, danghter of in the county of Kilkenny. He was born William Preston, Esq. He was born at Finchley, Middlesex, in 1804; and was March 22, 1782, and was educated at educated at the Roman Catholic founda. Macclesfield Grammar School, and at tion, St. Cuthbert's College, Ushaw, near Trinity College, Cainbridge. In 1799, Durham, and at the University of Edin- at the age of seventeen, he obtained burgh. He was called to the English Bar one of the highest distinctions in Camby the Hon. Society of Lincoln's Inn, bridge-the Craven University ScholarJune 19, 1828. He soon after his call ship; in 1800 he was elected scholar politically distinguished himself by an of Trinity; he 1802 he obtained Sir eloquent speech on the Liberal side at William Browne's medal for his Alcaie the great Protestant meeting of “the ode, “ Pompeii Columna ;" and in 1803 Men of Kent,” held on Pennenden-heath, he graduated as fifth Wrangler and senior November 24, 1828. He went the Home Chancellor's (classical) wedallist. He was Circuit, and rose quickly into business elected Fellow of Trinity in 1804, and and repute. His practice eventually so in- proceeded M.A. in 1806, and LL.D. in creased that it became at times very great 1835. Having chosen the law as his indeed. He was made Serjeant-at-law in profession, he, after serving his terms 1840, obtained a Patent of Precedence in at the Temple, practised for many years, 1846, and was appointed a Queen's Ser. with great success, as a special pleader, jeant in 1857. He was, in 1847, an un- and his intiinate acquaintance with and successful candidate at the general election relish for the techvicalities of the science for the borough of Marylebone ; he, in of pleading characterized bis whole after1852, was elected M.P. for the county of career at the Bar and on the Bench. He Kilkenny, and represented that county in was called to the Bar by the Hon. Society Parliament till 1857. He subsequently of the Inner Temple in 1813. He went unsuccessfully addressed the constituencies the Northern Circuit, and soon obtained of the county of Kilkenny and of Mary- there and at Westminster a good sublebone. He was a moderate and consistent stantial practice, establishing for himselt Liberal in politics; but he was of a high the reputation of being one of the soundest and independent spirit, which did not common-lawyers of his day. He was, in readily yield to the varying requirements 1828, raised to judicial rank as a Justice of Parliamentary electors, and thus he of the Court of King's Bench, and, in did not always suit them. This elevated 1834, he was transferred to the Exchequer tone, however, combined with great talent as a Baron of that court. He was knighted and good sense, unbending honesty of pur- in 1828. pose, a most amiable and benevolent dis- Sir James Parker as a Judge, was position, and very genial manners, had distinguished for his vigorous intellect made him so popular among all members and his skill in comprehending facts of the law, that it was with the acclaim and applying the law to them. He was, of the whole Bar, and of the profession it is true, a great special pleader; but he generally, that he was at last raised to was more: he was not only an adept in judicial rank in 1864, as a Justice of the mere legal preciseness, but he showed a Court of Queen's Bench. He was the powerful and master mind in dealing with first Romau Catholic Judge of the Supe- all the bearings of the cases before him. rior Courts of Westminster since the Many were the instances of this; one Revolution, the last Catholic Judge be- memorable one may be cited, viz. the fore him having been Sir Richard Ally- trial of John Tawell for the murder of bone, a Justice of the Court of King's Sarah Hart, at Slough, in the spring of Bench, who died in the summer of 1688. 1845, when the learned Baron, who preMr. Justice Shee was knighted in 1864. sided, was universally held to have earned His manly bearing and untiring energy, high honour for his closely argumentative his sound knowledge, and his other excel. and exhaustive summing up, which com. lent qualities were making him also con- pletely baffled the vast ingenuity anl spicuous on the Bench, when, in the splendid eloquence of Sir Fitzroy Kelly in midst of apparent health, a sudden illness Tawell's behalf. Tawell himself is said carried him off.

to have called his Lordship “a just, but

severe judge.” Sir James Parke retired LORD WENSLEYDALE.

from the Bench in 1856, and on January 16

of that year he was created Baron WensThe Right Hon. Sir James Parke, P.C., leydale, of Walton, in the North Riding Baron Wensleydale, who died on the 25th of Yorkshire, " for the term of his natural of February at his seat, Ampthill Park, life.” This startling innovation of a life Bedfordshire, was the son of Thomas peerage, though not unprecedented, caused Parke, Esq., of Highfield House, near a great sensation. Lord Derby and Lord

Lyndhurst took the matter up in the gracefully alluded to the deceased Lord House of Lords, and it was referred to a Wensleydale : Having," said the Committee of Privileges which brought Baron, sat for some years with that in a report unfavourable to the Baron's learned Judge, and having practised taking his seat as a life peer. He never- before him for a much longer period, I theless retained his title; but to secure think it is but becoming in me to state him a seat in the House of Lords he that, in my opinion, the country has lost obtained another patent, dated July 23, by his death one of the most learned 1856, creating him Baron Wensleydale, lawyers and one of the ablest Judges who of Walton, in the county palatine of ever sat in Westminster Hall. No one Lancaster, with the usual remainder to who has not had the advantage of sitting the heirs male of his body. His Lordship with him on the Bench can thoroughly as a law lord fully sustained in the House appreciate the qualities of his great mind, his great previous reputation.

or his earnest wish at all times to do his Lord Wensleydale married, in 1817, duty. He never allowed any thing to Cecilia Arabella Frances, youngest daughter interfere with the conscientious discharge of Samuel Francis Barlow, Esq., of Mid- of those duties which he imposed upon dlethorpe, in the county of York, by whom himself, or felt belonged to him in conhe had issue three sons, all of whom died nexion with his position as a Judge. He in infancy, and three daughters; so that, was, without doubt, the ablest and best having left no male issue, all his honours public servant I was personally acquainted became extinct with him.

with in the whole course of my life.” Mr. Baron Martin, in court, thus

REMARKABLE TRIALS.

I.

THE FENIAN TRIALS.

66

On the 20th of April the six prisoners charged with murder in connexion with the gunpowder explosion at the Clerkenwell House of Detention in December last, were put upon their trial at a special Session of the Central Criminal Court, before Lord Chief Justice Cockburn and Mr. Baron Bramwell. Their names were William Desmond, Timothy Desmond, Nicholas English, John O'Keefe, Michael Barrett, and Ann Justice. As had been anticipated, the pressure for admission to the Court-house, the area of which is exceedingly limited, was very great. The Under-Sheriffs, however, had done their best to apportion the room at their disposal; and the Judges having assumed the seats assigned them, the prisoners were put forward, and formally told by the Clerk of Arraigns that they stood indicted for the murder of Sarah Ann Hodgkinson, feloniously, wilfully, and of their malice aforethought, on the 13th of December last, in the parish of St. James's, Clerkenwell, within the jurisdiction of that Court. They severally pleaded "Not Guilty."

The Attorney-General (Sir J. B. Karslake) and Solicitor-General (Sir Baliol Brett), with whom were Mr. Hardinge Giffard, Q.C., Mr. Poland, and Mr. Archibald, appeared to conduct the proscution on the part of the Crown; Mr. Montagu Williams and Mr. Edward Clarke were counsel for the prisoners Ann Justice and John O'Keefe ; Mr. Warner Sleigh for William Desmond; Mr. Straight for Timothy Desmond ; Mr. Keogh for Nicholas English ; and Mr. J. B. Greene for the prisoner Barrett.

On the application of Mr. Montagu Williams, who had been but recently instructed, it was agreed, with the assent of the Counsel for the Crown, that the evidence, so far as it might affect the prisoner Ann Justice, whom he represented, should be postponed as far as possible, to enable him to conduct her defence satisfactorily.

The Attorney-General in opening the case said, On the 20th of November, 1867, a man named Richard Burke was arrested near Woburn-square, together with a man named Casey. They were conveyed before a magistrate and remanded—Burke on a charge of treason-felony, and Casey on a charge of assaulting a constable. They were brought up again on the 30th, remanded until the 7th of December, and again remanded until the 14th of December. At no very long period after the arrest of Burke, who was believed to be deeply

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