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VI.--Influence of Commerce on the Local Distribution of Nations.




Cod Fishery. Fur-bearing Animals. Spices. Logwood. Slave
Trade. Tin. Amber.

VII.-Marriage and Paternal Authority. Age of Marriage. Unchastity.
Polygamy. Polyandry. Incest. Wife Stealing. Purchase of Brides.
Hetarism. Terms expressive of Relationship. Gyneocracy. Heirship of
Nephews. Kissing.

VIII.-Social Germs. Vendetta. Weregild. Ideas of Property. Dignity
of Chiefs. Slavery. Caste. Nobility.

IX.—Religious Impulses in Uncivilized Nations. Man's Need of Causality.
Stone Worship. Tree Worship. Animal Worship. Worship of Water, the
Sun, and the Forces of Nature. Idea of Immortality. Ancestor Worship.
Hero Worship.


for Witchcraft.


Trial by Ordeal.

Sorcery as the Cause of Death. Trial
Prayer. Sacrifice. Brahma and the

XI.-Buddhism. Vedântâ and Sânkhja. Life of Buddha. Nirvana.

Morality. Extension.

XII.-Dualistic Religions. Good and Evil Powers. Zoroaster. Ormuzd
and Ahriman. Resurrection of the Dead. Morality.

XIII.-Monotheism of Israel. Polytheistic Rudiments. Former Crudeness
of the Conception of the Deity. Appearance of the Prophets. Moral Order
of the World. Contempt for Sacrifice. Lofty Conception of the Deity.
Enlightenment in Exile.

XIV.-Doctrines of Christianity. Doctrine of Preëxistence in the Old
Testament. Benign Providence. The Lord's Prayer. Morality. Christianity
and Buddhism.

XV.-Islâm. Mohammed. The Koran. Monotheistic Purism. Moral
Laws. Doctrine of Election. Extension.

XVI.-The Zone of the Founders of Religions. Terrors of Nature.
Influence of Food. Influence of the Desert.


Physical Characters. Language. Abode. Implements. Mental Endow-
ments. Customs. Causes of their Extinction.



III.-Coreans and Japanese. Linguistic Characters.

IV.-Mongoloid Nations in the North of the Old World. Ural-Altaic

Race. (a) Tungus Branch. (6) Mongolian Branch (Eastern Mongolian,
Kalmuck, Buriat, Hazara). (c) Turkish Branch (Uighur, Uzbek, Osmanli,
Yakut, Turcoman, Nogay, Basian, Kumuk, Karakalpak, Kirghiz). (d) Finnish
Branch, Ugrian Division (Ostiak, Voguls, Magyar). Bulgarian Division.
Permian Division. True Finnish Division (Suomi, Lapps). (e) Samoyed

VI.-The Tribes of Behring's Straits. Physical Characters. (a) Kamtskadals.
(b) Koriak and Tshuktshi. (c) Namollo and Eskimo. (d) Aleutian.
(e) Thlinkite and Vancouver Tribes.

VII.—Aborigines of America. Migration from Asia by way of Behring's
Straits. Mongoloid Racial Characters. Linguistic Relation to the Altaic

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Type. Mongolian Customs. Comparison of the New and the Old World.
(a) The Hunting Tribes in the Northern Continent (Kenay and Athabask,
Algonkin, Iroquois, Dahcota, South-eastern and South-western Group).
(b) South American Hunting Tribes (Tupi, Guaycuru, Gês, Cren, Ara-
wak, Carib). Comparison of Northern and Southern Hunting Tribes.
Moundbuilders. Copper Mines. De Sotos' Military Expedition. (c) The
Civilized Nations of North America (Sonora Languages. Cibola, Pueblo,
Nahualtec, Maya, Quiché.) The Civilized Nations of South America
(Chibcha, Quichua, Yunca, Araucanian, Patagonian). Indigenous Origin
of American Culture. Comparison of the Civilizations of the Northern and
Southern Continents.

Physical Characters. Dwarf Nations. Hottentot Language. Hottentot

Physical Characters. I. - Bantu Negroes. Suaheli, Betchuana, Kaffirs,
Inland Tribes, Bunda Nations, Congo Negroes.

II.-Soudan Negroes. (Ibo, Nuffi, Ewhe, Otshi). Ivory and Pepper Coast.
Mandingo. Joloffer. Sererer. Fulbe. Sourhay. Hausa. Kanuri. Téda
(Tibbu) not Negroes. Bagrimma. Maba. Nile Tribes. Fundi. Nobah.
Africa as a Residence. Civilization of the Bantu and Soudan Negroes.


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