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longed to Martin Luther. On one of them is a small compass, on which is painted a skull of a dead body with a Latin inscription; the other is set with a small cornelian stone, on which are engraved a rose and a cross, the emblems adopted by Luther, and intended to signify that “a man's heart is in perfect peace when resting on the cross.” It is said to have been worn by John George I. to the day of his death. In the same compartment is a gold ring with a stone bearing an eye; this ring belonged to Melancthon. Two other rings with small watches belonged respectively to Kings Frederick Augustus I. and Anthony. One glass shrine contains several fine canes, adorned with jewels; another, a magnificent collection of swords of state used by the Saxon Electors in the sixteenth century. The hilts of most of the swords are made of gold and enamel, adorned with precious stones. Some of the hilts are of rock crystal. There are many precious arms from the East, such as Turkish, Japanese, and Burmese swords and poignards, adorned in the highest manner; and among them we saw a splendid Polish saber, which belonged to John Sobieski. The mention of one other curiosity may suffice; this is the “Court of the Great Mogul,” by Dinglinger. It represents the birthday of the Emperor of India in Delhi. In the center of a large silver slab, on a throne approached by steps, sits the Great Mogul. Around and before him are one hundred and thirty-two small figures done in gold and enamel in every variety of attitude. Here are represented deputations from the different Provinces of his Empire, who approach with their respective trains, doing homage and offering presents of horses, elephants and camels, splendidly decorated palankeens, vases, clocks, and services, all

richly adorned with precious stones and executed in gold and enamel. Around the Emperor are his ministers and guards and three ambassadors in a kneeling posture on the steps. In the foreground is a balance which has reference to the ceremony of weighing the Great Mogul every year on this day and fixing the amount of tribute which each Province had to pay accordingly for the current year. Other designs represent thank and victory offerings. To accomplish this work, it is said to have taken Dinglinger, his brothers and sons, (not enumerated,) and fourteen other workmen, eight years, from 1701 to 1708, laboring incessantly. It was then brought to Augustus the Strong, who bought it for fiftyeight thousand four hundred and eighty-five thalers, (about $ 14,000.)

Something of the social life of the Germans may be seen at their beer gardens, where they resort for rest and recreation, and where one is always sure to hear fine music. Here all care for the time being seems to be dismissed, and in the presence of such tranquillity, even the nervous and hurrying American is constrained to pause and learn a useful lesson in animal economy. At some of these gatherings at the “Grosser Garten” we saw many German officers, whose fine physique and soldierly bearing excited our admiration. Indeed, whenever we met the military of Germany we were particularly impressed by the splendid appearance of both officers and men, who were generally large, muscular, and looking every inch the trained soldier. Supposing the Belgian, whom we have seen, to be a fair specimen of the French soldier, one need not wonder at the late triumph of Germany over France.

There are in Dresden many magnificent streets

with fine dwellings and shops, but Prager strasse is the principal street for shopping. Here is the place to purchase damask table linen and enameled porcelain of every description. The traveler who stops to see the beautiful enameled brooches and other kindred things here should go prepared to carry some of them away, for there are nowhere in Europe more charming or desirable objects to purchase.

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a YG of about two weeks in Dresden we left that city at 12:40 on the 16th of August, and arrived at Vienna near 8 o'clock next morning. The scenery along the river Elbe, between Dresden and Tschethin, a part of the country called Saxon Switzerland, is exceedingly bold and beautiful. Mounts Königstein and Lilienstein rise at some points to the height of twelve hundred feet in perpendicular columns, against which some of the inhabitants of the valley have built their houses, using these mountains for the rear walls thereof. These and many other houses on the way are quite odd in appearance, having in their roofs windows in the shape of eyes. Indeed, it is impossible to describe all the odd things that meet our sight, whether in country or city. All through Germany and Austria the costumes of the peasantry are more or less singular, and, as we have before remarked, it is a sight to behold the women, brown and stalwart, at work in the fields, reaping, mowing. gathering the crops, and doing men's work gener

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ally, even to shoveling dirt and propelling the wheelbarrow in labor on railroads and other highways. We have seen them sawing and splitting fire-wood, and carrying it, and also coal, in huge baskets, from the streets up one or more flights of stairs – loads that one would think too heavy for the strongest man. In one instance we observed a man and woman, supposed to be husband and wife, sawing and splitting wood together. The saw was rigged with a handle at each end, and it was a wonder to see how quickly they would put it through a large stick of hard wood. There was no wrangling here about “woman's rights”- the woman being in every sense the equal of her husband. The women also attend the cattle, sheep, and geese in the fields, where there are no division fences. Of geese we have seen as many as two hundred in a single flock. It is laughable to see the railroad officials, all of whom are in uniform, as the train passes the smaller stations without stopping. At some of these, women as well as men are on guard, and as soon as the train nears the station, they may be seen standing erect and “dressed” as on parade, with hand to cap or hat by way of salute to the train guards, sometimes with one arm extended and pointing the way the train is going, as much as to say, “The road is clear; go ahead." We may be no safer on railroads here than in our own country; but somehow we get to feel that we are, owing perhaps to the much larger number of officers actively connected with the roads, both at the stations and on the trains, all of whom appear to understand their business thoroughly and to have an eye to the safety of passengers.

We reached Lissa about sundown, at which place we changed conductors; but time was allowed there

for refreshments, and as our conductor was a gentleman wearing the uniform of an officer, and had been very polite to us, we invited him to join us in a glass of lager. This familiarity, as we afterward learned from an intelligent Bohemian lady, an English officer's wife whom we met there, was regarded as rather too democratic for this country, although she heartily approved of it. We ourselves, however, were innocent as General Grant would have been of anything out of place in this little act of courtesy, and we are free to say that we had no cause to regret it; for, through the good offices of that lady, or of the lager, or, more likely, of both combined, our conductor said a good word for us to his brother officer on the connecting train, and we had a whole compartment to ourselves all the way to Vienna, thus enabling us to secure as comfortable a night's rest as though we had been on a Pullman sleeping car.

We need not say that Vienna is an exceedingly beautiful and attractive city; and of course we started at once to see the prominent objects of interest in town and vicinity. What was the old city is only some three miles in circumference, and where its walls or fortifications once stood is now a fine boulevard. Its streets are comparatively narrow, and it has altogether an ancient appearance, while the new, exterior portion is airy, with wide streets and more elegant buildings. The new additions have increased the size of the city to twelve miles in circumference. We went first to the Imperial Painting Gallery, in the Upper Belvidere. It is in a fine palace, situated in a commanding position, with a spacious flower garden in front. There is a very large number of paintings in the different rooms,

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