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the masterpieces of Rauch, the sculptor previously mentioned in these sketches. The temple is located in one of the sweetest of groves.
On the 3d of August, in company with the Rev. Henry M. Field and niece, now on their tour around the world, and of his nephew, Lieutenant Field, on leave of absence from the United States steamship Franklin, we passed the day most agreeably at Potsdam, eighteen miles by rail from Berlin. There are here five royal residences, called, respectively, the Royal Palace, the New Palace, the Marble Palace, Babelsburg, and Sans Souci — all of which we visited. As some of these Palaces are two or three miles apart, we hired a coachman for the day. They are all situated in a beautiful park or garden, adorned with fountains and statuary. In the old Palace, or in Sans Souci, we saw some of the furniture used by Frederick the Great, including stuffed chairs, in some of which he used to have his dogs sit with him at table; and on the covering of one in which he died are spots stained by his blood, from having been bled in his last hours. The rooms containing this furniture are said to be nearly in the condition in which he left them. The apartments which Voltaire used to occupy when on his long visits to the King were also shown to us. The New Palace, erected by Frederick the Great after the Seven Years' War, is very costly and grand, and contains many fine paintings and other rare works of art. One great hall, called the Grotto, is a marvel of art and beauty. It is spacious, and lined throughout with shells and precious stones artistically arranged. For instance, flowers are represented by shells, amethyst, sapphire, amber, crystal, onyx, agate, coal, quartz, copper, silver, and gold, in their original state, etc.
The large chandeliers are entirely of white crystal. The fairies could not desire a more enchanting grotto. Sans Souci is approached by a succession of terraces, covered with vines and ornamental trees. There is a succession of low buildings with a colonnade, from which a fine view is obtained of the garden and adjacent palaces. Frederick the Great died here, where we saw the old clock, which he used himself to wind up, and which was stopped at the moment of his death, twenty minutes past two. Near by stands the famous historical windmill, which Frederick the Great desired to purchase, that he might pull it down and extend his gardens in that direction. The miller refusing to sell, the King brought suit against him and was defeated. He afterward erected the present windmill “as a monument of Prussian justice.” In the vicinity of Sans Souci, also, there is a beautiful villa, called the Charlottenhof, built in Pompeian style, with a bath, fountains, statues, and bronzes, taken from the ruins of Pompeii. Here we entered two small rooms which Baron Von Humboldt occupied when residing with the King. His writing desk, chair, toilet stand, with comb, hair-brush, and small mirror, and other furniture, are seen as he left them.
In the Garrison Church, an unpretending house of worship here, we stood by, and saw by the light of a candle, the metallic coffin of Frederick the Great. It is in a plain vault, to which we were conducted by the female custodian entrusted with the key to his tomb.
After an hour for lunch and rest, we went to the Babelsburg Palace, the most charming of all, where the Emperor and Empress now reside.
In Germany it is customary to sleep singly, and, like
us travelers, the Emperor has his single bedstead, and a very plain one indeed-a common low wooden article, such as you may buy anywhere in the shops. The walls of one small room are covered with a large number of horns and stuffed heads of wild animals, all slain by him in his earlier years. We were shown his walking stick, a rough twig with part of the bark peeled off, which he cut when a lad, and which he still uses in his garden walks. We felt like doing a little Yankee whittling on it; but presuming he prefers it as it is, we did not offer our services.
Of all the palaces we have yet seen, could we have our choice for a residence we should choose this. Taken with all its surroundings, its beautiful apartments furnished with everything in the way of art that heart could desire, the enchanting view of river, fountains, gardens of flowers, or other charming sight, no matter in which direction the eye is turned, it comes the nearest to what we might fancy Paradise to be of any place within our knowledge. Our advice is, if you go to Berlin do not fail to see Potsdam.
Berlin on the afternoon of the 4th instant, and were driven directly to a private boarding - house previously kindly recommended to us by Lorenzo Brentano, Esquire, United States consul, where we have been made comfortable and quite at home during our stay. The house is kept by the wife of a Hungarian officer, now absent on duty, to be gone two years. She is a lady of refinement, and has two beautiful children, a girl and boy. Dresden is pleasantly situated on both sides of the Elbe, the part called the “Old Town” being on the right and the “New Town” on the left bank of the river. The old stone bridge connecting the two towns is a magificent structure one thousand four hundred feet in length and thirty-six in width. “On the center pier a bronze crucifix has been erected to commemorate the destruction of the fourth pier from the side of the Alstadt by Marshal Davoust, to facilitate his retreat in 1814, and its restoration the same year by the Emperor of Russia.” There is also a railroad, carriage and foot bridge half a mile further down.
We have spent a good deal of our time in the picture Galleries, which are among the finest in the world. Admission is free four days. in the week. These Galleries, the Armory, and the Museum of Natural History are all contained in a building called the Zwinger, which “was originally intended as the vestibule of a new palace, which Augustus II. intended to erect in the early part of the eighteenth century, but was never carried further. It is a fine