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it was morning before all succeeded in making their escape. They were then fiercely pursued by the victorious allies, joined by the Saxon and Baden troops, who, at the moment of his defeat, had abandoned Napoleon; and the fight was continued hand to hand through the city. Added to this, the only bridge to serve as an exit for the whole French army having been mined by Napoleon's orders, to be blown up as soon as his army should be safely over, was, through some mischance, thus prematurely destroyed, and a large number of the French, unable to escape, were taken prisoners.
It was with no slight interest that we looked upon the scene of this great battle, during which Napoleon had his headquarters at the Rathhaus, or Town Hall; and it was in this Hall that the commander of the allied army, Marshal Schwarzenberg, afterward died. We visited the market-place, from which we were soon, however, driven by an awful smell of what they called cheese; went to the University, through the principal business streets, park, etc. Not caring to stop here longer, we left on a slow train at one in the afternoon, and reached Berlin, the capital of the German Empire, at half-past six, on the 31st of July.
ERLIN, AUGUST 4.-Our first day in Berlin,
August 1, was Sunday, and in company with Hon. H. N. Conger, of New Jersey, United States Consul at Prague, and his wife, we went to the house where it was expected religious services in English would take place, but none were held, there being no minister, and we turned our steps toward the King's Palace, to which we were admitted on payment of one mark, about twenty-five cents, each, and were shown through the principal rooms. This magnificent edifice, called the Old Palace, has an interior inclined plane walk, wide enough for a carriage-way, paved with brick, to the third story. Whether the old sovereigns used to ride over this road or not, we did not learn; but we found it easy of ascent. The seven or eight rooms shown to us were sumptuously furnished, and the Royal Chapel contains many fine works of art. The throne room is very large, and is gorgeously decorated. Another splendid room contains statues of the Brandenburg Electors and various allegorical figures. Before entering these rooms, as in the Temple of Walhalla, we were all obliged to put on over our shoes large felt slippers, which could be kept on only by sliding along without raising the feet. The floors of polished wood are as smooth as glass, and this precaution is observed to prevent injury. There is a story to the effect that this Palace was formerly haunted by a ghost in the shape of a lady in white who made her appearance only when some member of the royal family was about to depart from this life. At the gate of the Palace are two bronze horses with grooms.
On entering Berlin we were at once attracted to its magnificent boulevard, called Unter den Linden strasse, which runs from one end of the city to the other. The Royal Palace and many other splendid mansions, as well as shops, are situated on this street, at the head of which, where it enters a forest of grand old trees, is the Brandenburg gate, surmounted by a magnificent triumphal arch erected in 1789. On top of this arch is the car of victory, which Napoleon took to Paris, and returned after the battle of Waterloo. Just beyond this gate, in the edge of the grove, stands the new monument to commemorate the victory of the Germans over the French in their late war. It is very grand and beautiful. Its base is of polished stone, like the Scotch marble, with bronze entablatures on the four sides, representing in bas-relief a battle, the surrender, return home of the army, and their welcome reception. The likenesses of the Emperor William, Bismarck, and Von Moltke are readily recognized. Others, doubtless, are equally good. Next above these entablatures is a gallery surrounded by marble pillars, and next a tall column of granite or sandstone, embraced by three rows of cannon cut in the stone, pointing upward, and connected by wreaths, all in gold leaf. The whole is surmounted by a splendid statue of Victory, also in gold leaf, with a wreath in her right hand and a scepter in her left.
In the middle of Unter den Linden street is the colossal equestrian statue of Frederick'the Greatone of the grandest monuments, no doubt, in Europe. The pedestal is of granite, twenty-five feet in height, on the four sides of which are bronze groups, lifesize, of thirty-one of the leading generals and statesmen of the Seven Years' War. Over these, on each
corner of the pedestal, are figures of Justice, Prudence, Fortitude, and Temperance; “between these are bas-reliefs representing different periods in the life of Frederick: the Muse teaching him history; Mercury giving him a sword; walking in the gardens of his Palace, surrounded by his favorite companions, greyhounds; playing on his flute; in the weaver's hut, and drawing the plan of a battle after his defeat at Rollin. On the front tablet is the following inscription: To Frederick the Great. Frederick William III., 1810, completed by Frederick William IV., 1851,' The equestrian statue is seventeen feet high, and most perfect in all its proportions; a mantle hangs from the monarch's shoulders, his stick hanging from his wrist; all is most perfect and true to life.”
We have visited the Museum, at the entrance of which stands a fine bronze statue of the Amazon, and an enormous vase of polished granite sixty-six feet high. The city abounds in statues, the fronts of several of the mansions on Unter den Linden street being surmounted by them. The exterior front of the Museum is ornamented by frescoes, representing allegorically the creation of the world. The interior consists of three departments -- the Antiquarian on the first floor, the Sculptures on the second, and the Picture Gallery on the third. The number of interesting things here is endless, and we cannot attempt any lengthy description. Among the noted pictures is Raphael's “Madonna Ancajani,” representing the Virgin and child in the stable; a series of twelve paintings, by Van Eyck, called “The Worship of the Spotless Lamb;" “Io and the Cloud," and “Leda and the Swan," by Correggio; "Resurrection of Lazarus," by Rubens; and “St.
Anthony Embracing the Infant Saviour," by Murillo. We were particularly interested in many of the relics to be seen here, including Napoleon's hat and his decorations as Emperor, which, in haste to escape, he left in his carriage at Waterloo; also the walking cane, flute, and the uniform of Frederick the Great, which he wore on the day of his death, and a cast of his face after death; likewise the tobacco pipes and other articles which belonged to his father.
The principal shops here are unusually fine; and many of these are under or in an extensive arcade abounding in almost everything to attract the eye and invite the expenditure of money.
One evening, in the heart of the city, we went to a gorgeous beer garden, an open space capable of holding ten thousand people, surrounded by buildings with shade trees, and lighted by seventy thousand gas jets in every form of beauty almost that ingenuity could invent. It presented a perfect fairy scene; and there were two fine bands, one in a balcony on either side in the center, and they played alternately. Visitors could be seated or promenade at their pleasure.
An excursion of a few miles to Charlottenburg was very enjoyable. Here is a plain Palace built by Frederick I.; but what we went specially to see were the monuments of Frederick William III. and his Queen, Louise, so celebrated for her beauty, and a photograph of whose full length portrait is now before us. Their tomb and marble monumental statues are in a small Doric temple. The statues are separate, each in a reclining position, as upon a bed or lounge, and raised on a beautifully carved and paneled marble base. The works are considered