Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
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Concentration of power and accumulation of wealth ............ 73 5.2. Key players of the mafia state: the ruling elite and its accessories .......................................................... 74 5.2.1. The poligarch .
... accumulation of power and wealth which primarily determines all its actions, and which realizes a combination of political power concentration and the growth of fortunes in the hands of the adopted political family by means of mafia ...
For this system worked in a quasi egalitarian manner, after all the opportunities for illegitimate ways of accumulating wealth were greatly limited even for leaders in the economy built on state monopoly, while by means of their ...
There is virtually no field of activity that is not subject to the concentrated demands of power and wealth accumulation. The mafia state is the privatized form of the parasitic state. NOTES 1 2. The disintegration of the Third ...
In the “two troubled decades” between 1990–2010, as the Fidesz stigmatized the period that had passed since the regime change in retrospect, a western political establishment struggled with an eastern pattern of wealth and property ...
Ce spun oamenii - Scrie o recenzie
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names