Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
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A mafia is an underworld corrupt organization that operates like an “adopted political family.” It holds its members in check by the ever-present possibility of blackmail and violence while rewarding loyalists by distributing benefits ...
When a mafia-like organization goes from underworld to “upperworld” and controls the state itself, the resulting “mafia state” takes its newly acquired tools of governance and deploys them with the principles of a mafia—holding its own ...
The emergence of the organized underworld, the mafia represents a new stage as compared to the world of “free enterprise” corruption. Thereon organized criminal groups try methodically to draw the figures of public power into their ...
mafia and the organized underworld across the ocean increasingly dismiss traditional ways and their “communal” functions and forms of behavior.) Besides creating illegitimate profitable economic opportunities for itself through bribes, ...
The organized upperworld, the mafia state nevertheless goes far beyond both the mentioned anomalies in party financing and the underworld's ambitions for political influence. In fact the relationship is turned around in both cases.
Ce spun oamenii - Scrie o recenzie
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names