Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
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The responsibility borne by the coalition government of the socialists and liberals ............................................... 25 2.5.1. Lack in symbolic, community-building politics .............. 27 2.5.2.
... after János Kádár, Hungarian communist leader First democratically elected (center right) government, Prime Minister József Antall (†1993) Socialist-liberal coalition government First Fidesz government (with coalition partners), ...
Before the Orbán revolution, economy and politics were deeply intertwined in a novel arrangement that could not be described as state control of the economy (socialism) nor as the economic control of the state (state capture).
It is post-communist because the opportunities for corruption were legion as the former state socialist countries rapidly privatized huge swaths of the economy in the 1990s without a regulatory regime in place to oversee and regularize ...
Though it was obvious that even the total membership—and the fees they paid—of all the parties following the regime change would remain below the eight hundred thousand Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party peak membership under communism, ...
Ce spun oamenii - Scrie o recenzie
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names