Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
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... sector was strangled financially and finally attacked by the public prosecutor and tax office. Churches were used instrumentally to provide ideological cover, but the “official” churches themselves seemed all too willing to go along by ...
... sector meant the “second economy” which filled in the market gaps of the general shortage stemming from the centrally planned economy in a rather surprising bounty of forms: in retail, retail services and the family farms, so called ...
... sector, the arena of corruption was driven back into the channels of business established between the private and public sectors. Yet in this new barter economy the client was no longer the small customer of the old communist regime ...
... sector now came from the business or civil sphere. The anomalies of party financing and its openness to corrupt deals were caused by misguided and unfounded presuppositions. At the time of the regime change, it was believed on the basis ...
... sector, but within that field in increasing measure to immediate business interests and reciprocities wholly irrespective of political sympathies. Both sides now court one another: not only was business looking for contact with members ...
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names