Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
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... rule” in place of the “rule of law” ......................... 113 5.5.1. Constitutional coup d'état—the institutionalization of autocracy .................................................
... rule of law, protected human rights and boasted a stable market economy. In fact, Hungary became the very model of a “consolidated democracy,” defined by Juan Linz and Alfred Stepan (who was himself living in Budapest at the time) as ...
... rules that create checks on power, respect for the rule of law, and the protection of human rights—was introduced in post-communist Europe as the same time as a particularly virulent strand of economic neo-liberalism mandated radical ...
... rules in an aggressively anti-liberal direction. With his new powers, he cut all of his cross-party partners-in-corruption out of their various secret joint deals. Orbán, in Magyar's telling of the story, was then able to monopolize the ...
... rule. When a mafia-like organization goes from underworld to “upperworld” and controls the state itself, the ... rules of discipline while benefiting them with the spoils of power, and threatening its enemies with criminal prosecutions ...
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names