Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
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... role in the political elite falling into disrepute, its routine operational role did not become a systemic operational role, fundamentally determining political goals. Rather it merely constituted a world loosely controlled from the ...
... role. One reason was the considerable penetration of the fresh Hungarian market by foreign (mainly Russian and Ukrainian) organized criminal groups in the 1990s. The organized underworld was merely intent upon expanding and carrying on ...
... role in it becoming mortally vulnerable. One could also say, without their performance in government, Fidesz could not have acquired a two-thirds—i.e., constituent—parliamentary majority. Political science explains the defeat of the ...
... role both in politics and society. The Church also wanted to be rid of the socialists—and partly of its own compromised past. As the Church grew both in self-assurance and ambitions, the socialists were forced into a constant ...
... role of this elite in the spread of populist ideologies across Hungary to finally achieve social acceptability also cannot be denied. The role of legal-institutional guarantees is held up in vain if those who operate them frequently do ...
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names