Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
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Attitudinally, a democratic regime is consolidated when a strong majority of public opinion, even in the midst of major economic ... Hungary seemed like a place where non-democratic or anti-constitutional change was unthinkable.
... regime insiders and provided ongoing opportunities for corrupt exchanges. In the second wave of economic dislocation that came in the wake of the financial crisis of 2007, culminating with the change of government in Hungary in 2010 ...
With Fidesz's constitutional majority, the party could—and did—change the constitution at will. ... As Magyar shows, many of the laws passed under the Orbán regime looked general but were quite specifically targeted at individuals.
In conclusion, the [constitutional change] . . . endangers the constitutional system of checks and balances. . . . [It] is the result of an instrumental view of the ... Alexis de Tocqueville, The Old Regime and the Revolution (trans.
During the regime change following the collapse of East European communist regimes at the turn of 1989–1990 the formula seemed clear: a step was taken from one-party dictatorship with a state monopoly of property into a multi-party ...
Ce spun oamenii - Scrie o recenzie
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names