Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
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Hostile takeover of the institutions of public authority .... 116 5.5.3. Government: not there to take decisions, but to manage decisions taken by the political family ....................... 116 5.5.4. The lexes—custom tailored ...
The NGO sector was strangled financially and finally attacked by the public prosecutor and tax office. ... Within a few years, there were no major independent bodies of state left standing and the independent civil society organizations ...
... of corruption was driven back into the channels of business established between the private and public sectors. ... state and local government procurement, tenders, real-estate reclassifications, permits issued by the authorities; ...
Thereon organized criminal groups try methodically to draw the figures of public power into their sphere of influence. ... that is, it is not capable of extending its authority to control the whole economy or the country as a whole.
This simply mirrored in the sphere of the public authorities when a considerable political force is also able to form its own oligopolistic mechanism for coerced corruption with which to pressure actors in the private economy.
Ce spun oamenii - Scrie o recenzie
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names