Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
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... but it singled out the head of the national bank for a massive pay reduction in an effort to get him to quit. A law that set up a minimum number of years of being a judge in Hungary to qualify as president of the Supreme Court was ...
Supreme Court was justified as a measure to ensure sufficient experience in the job, but it singled out the current independent-minded Supreme Court president for removal. A law that extended the terms and retirement ages of newly ...
How could the President of the Republic not have a role in the social acceptance of racist speech and racist actions if he declines to comment on the formation of the extreme-right paramilitary organization, Magyar Gárda (Hungarian ...
The nostalgia for stability broadly felt by the populace and associated with the socialists, as well as the presence of the strong liberal party made it clear to Viktor Orbán, elected president of Fidesz in 1993, that the party could ...
Since then the key figures of the ruling elite in each field are designated by the president of the party, that is, he alone decides about the selection of the candidates for the national assembly both for the individual constituencies ...
Ce spun oamenii - Scrie o recenzie
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names