Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
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... an effort to get him to quit. A law that set up a minimum number of years of being a judge in Hungary to qualify as president of the Supreme Court was justified as a measure to ensure sufficient xx POST-COMMUNIST MAFIA STATE.
... president for removal. A law that extended the terms and retirement ages of newly appointed constitutional judges was justified as increasing their independence, but it singled out the new Fidesz-loyalist judges so that they could form ...
... President of the Republic not have a role in the social acceptance of racist speech and racist actions if he declines to comment on the formation of the extreme-right paramilitary organization, Magyar Gárda (Hungarian Guard) under the ...
... president at this stage, though the question of who heads the nation-wide electoral party list does explicitly point to the matter of leadership. Centralized party. The disciplining of the membership began in the early 1990s. The ...
... President of the Republic; Zoltán Pokorni became a mayor of one of the districts of the capital, while István Stumpf was made Constitutional Judge, László Kövér Speaker of Parliament, and Attila Várhegyi joined the private sector ...
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names