Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
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Liquidation of the autonomous positions of the intelligentsia in culture and education ....................... 132 5.7.3. Domestication of Non-Government Organizations ......... 139 5.8. Patron-client relations in place of class ...
However, the regime change resulted in unprecedented inequalities not only in wealth, but in terms of corruption prone positions as well. Since the shortage economy dissolved in the interactions of the participants of the private sector ...
Rather it merely constituted a world loosely controlled from the center, profiting from its positions with chaotic autonomy, often competitive in itself. The Hungarian political parties—with the exception of the Alliance of Young ...
In the mafia state, the duality typical of the practices of the organized underworld, where bribes are offered to those in higher positions and protection money squeezed out of those below, ceases to exist, because in possession of ...
... the routine stations of a process of adjustment within a single value system— along the lines of a social model otherwise based on consensus—but the bitter battles of a war to secure property and the new positions generating wealth.
Ce spun oamenii - Scrie o recenzie
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names