Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
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... party controlling all public institutions in a non-transparent manner and digging itself in for the long haul. The rotation of political power is no longer secure. The left is in complete disarray, leaving far-right Jobbik as the most ...
... party that vehemently denies the validity of all criticism and demonizes its critics. What happened? Those curious about the Hungarian democratic implosion have an excellent guide in Bálint Magyar. With the theoretical sophistication of ...
... party partners-in-corruption out of their various secret joint deals. Orbán, in Magyar's telling of the story, was then able to monopolize the benefits of corruption for himself and his party, using state power to choose his own ...
... party could—and did—change the constitution at will. Twelve amendments of the inherited constitution preceded the rapid enactment of the new Fidesz constitution in 2011. After the constitution came into force in January 2012, it was ...
... party could win another election. The Orbán government's rewriting of the election laws strategically disadvantaged the opposition at every turn while giving the benefit of every new rule to Fidesz. In the end, Fidesz was able to win ...
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names