Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
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... illegitimate sway in state and local government decisions concerning allocation of resources, procurements, concessions, and entitlements. As a result, illegal barter deals are concluded between discrete economic actors and state ...
... illegitimate ways of accumulating wealth were greatly limited even for leaders in the economy built on state monopoly, while by means of their mini-monopolies the hundreds of thousands people in the lower strata of the system could also ...
... not only of parties working their budgets around the law, but the personal corruption of members of the political class. The threat of such illegitimate intertwining of interests was even 7 1. The system we live under.
... illegitimate economic activity, in geographic terms and where branches of activity are concerned it operates in a segmented market, that is, it is not capable of extending its authority to control the whole economy or the country as a ...
... illegitimate profitable economic opportunities for itself through bribes, the mafia also draws taxes through forced payments of protection money. It motivates figures in public office through bribes and forces the participants of the ...
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names