Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
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Ideology-driven vs. ideology-applying system . ... Target-ideological templates: God, homeland, family, workbased society . ... Instrument-ideological templates: the System of National Cooperation and the national freedom fight .
As a result, electoral rejection of neo-liberalism, the economic ideology, spilled over into electoral rejection of constitutional liberalism, the political ideology. Liberals now have few friends throughout the former Soviet world.
Churches were used instrumentally to provide ideological cover, but the “official” churches themselves seemed all too willing to go along by trading their support for the regime for material subsidies. Vicious campaigns against the ...
Magyar argues that the point of this takeover of the state was economic rather than ideological. But ideology provided a cover for the sheer venality of the governing party. With its “national middle class” (Fidesz voters), ...
By these means this language was capable of reflecting on the visual, ritual, and emotional world of the ideology beyond the language itself, and began to take over as the dominant language by providing it with, so to speak, ...
Ce spun oamenii - Scrie o recenzie
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names