Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
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... groups in the region. Hungary's 2003 referendum on joining the European Union chalked up 84% for the “yes” camp. The country entered the EU in 2004 after it had sailed through external assessments that showed that it was properly a ...
... groups under attack, political prosecutions and rigged elections the subject of credible allegations, levels of intolerance against minority groups rising, and a single governing party controlling all public institutions in a non ...
... group. Without it, Orbán would have lost his two-thirds parliamentary majority and, with it, his ability to change the constitution at will. Magyar argues that the point of this takeover of the state was economic rather than ideological ...
... groups try methodically to draw the figures of public power into their sphere of influence. When they succeed, we can say that the organized underworld has found its way into the topmost, political sphere of politics, and seeks to ...
... groups of the organized underworld. At this point the formula is still easily expressed: the methods of the organized underworld, the mafia, do not offer the political figures of public power a model to be emulated systemically. However ...
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names