Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
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... godfather ............... 40 2.7.2. Socialisterosion, liberal vaporization and Fidesz's accomplishment of social embeddedness .................... 45 2.8. Pre-2010 political cold war, and the erosion of the institutional, two-thirds ...
... and violence while rewarding loyalists by distributing benefits and opportunities among them. It is run by a single boss, a godfather, who binds others to him through a combination of affection and fear and who xix Foreword.
... godfather The organizations forming the opposition at the time of regime change grew out of informal communities of various sizes: the liberal Alliance of Free Democrats (SZDSZ) had come from the anti-communist dissident movement and 40 ...
... to make to Orbán's country estate for a face to face hearing and to place an oath of loyalty. Exactly as in Coppola's film, The Godfather. As a logical sequel of the foregoing, in the course 42 POST-COMMUNIST MAFIA STATE.
... godfather on the journal title page gradually disappearing, they were replaced by successive generations of chinovniks (Russian for subservient bureaucrats). They were no longer the heroic knights of political jousts with autonomous ...
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names