Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
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... funding and defunding, and by a public campaign highlighting the disloyalty of those who refused to bend to Orbán's will. Within a few years, there were no major independent bodies of state left standing and the independent civil ...
... funding—which is widespread even in well-tried democracies—is qualified as a deviancy, similarly to corruption in public office.) Beyond state deterrence and penalties, anti-corruption watchdog organizations operate so as to inhibit the ...
... funds had become practically unaccountable, the budgetary limitations on party income and expenditure became loosened. Only the actual and expected political clout, and aggressive ambition of a given party—in fact virtually its self ...
... funds. Though the spread of corruption had a major role in the political elite falling into disrepute, its routine operational role did not become a systemic operational role, fundamentally determining political goals. Rather it merely ...
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from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names