Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
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In fact, Hungary became the very model of a “consolidated democracy,” defined by Juan Linz and Alfred Stepan (who was himself living in Budapest at the time) as: Behaviorally, a democratic regime in a territory is consolidated when no ...
The term postcommunist is descriptive of the mafia state, pointing to the circumstances of its formation, the conditions of its germination, that is, to the fact that this is a system that came about—though with some delay—in the wake ...
The everyday Hungarian terms, such as “kenőpénz” meaning grease-money, or “csúszópénz” slidingmoney, were indicative of the fact that without oiling the machinery, the planned economic system itself would have in fact been paralyzed.
Only the actual and expected political clout, and aggressive ambition of a given party—in fact virtually its self-control alone—could limit or spur on the measure of resources it could tap. The party revenue from fees and state budget ...
The fact that the hard fought contract between mafia families composes the distribution of the markets, at times taking institutional shape as the council of the heads of the families, does not contradict the hierarchical nature of ...
Ce spun oamenii - Scrie o recenzie
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names