Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
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100 5.2.5. The family security guard and the secret services ........... 102 5.3. The political family's expropriation of databases ensuring democratic control vi Table of Contents.
The political family's expropriation of databases ensuring democratic control ................................................. 106 5.4. Polipburo, in place of the former communist politburo .......... 108 5.4.1.
A change of the owner elite and ensuring surrender ...... 178 5.11.4. The offer that could not be refused ......................... 179 5.11.5. Types of nationalization defined by function .............. 195 5.12.
... ensured by forcible means, outside the world of economics. The small shareholder and the oligarch of the future shared a common expectation in that both expected state assistance to realize their dreams of accumulating wealth.
... they did not notice that they were unintentionally ensuring the dominance of large credit institutions against the fragmented and defenseless clients subject to one-sided modification of contracts. Emphasis on the territorial ...
Ce spun oamenii - Scrie o recenzie
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names