Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
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... electoral system ............................. 219 6.2.1. Changes to electoral law after 2010 .......................... 220 6.2.2. The Prosecutor's Office as part of the campaign staff ....... 223 6.2.3. Establishing the institutional ...
... electoral victories, and when they did, those victories were generally small. At best, liberal parties were junior ... electoral rejection of neo-liberalism, the economic ideology, spilled over into electoral rejection of constitutional ...
... electoral battles were marked by a sort of escalating “tsunami of promises,” which did away with the political basis of rational responses to economic-social challenges. The economic crises—that had first led up to and become apparent ...
... electoral cycle, a change of ministers would mean the decapitation of the administration. Downsizing of state administration was the easiest to implement from the consecutive austerity packages. With the waves of layoffs and a ...
... electoral authorization the waves of purges and layoffs reached lower and lower levels of the administration. Even the pool of experts that had deliberately tried to steer clear of politics suffered serious repercussions, though by this ...
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names