Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
Rezultatele 1 - 5 din 54
Government: not there to take decisions, but to manage decisions taken by the political family ....................... 116 5.5.4. The lexes—custom tailored legislation ....................... 117 5.5.5. Suppressing the control functions ...
Because mafias have the mentalité of criminal organizations, even when they are part of the “upperworld,” they are accustomed to making their crucial decisions in the shadows. Like in families on which they are modeled, the political ...
Evolutionary forms of corruption Where day-to-day corruption is concerned, private interests hold an illegitimate sway in state and local government decisions concerning allocation of resources, procurements, concessions, ...
At virtually all points of economic contact across the shortage economy that accompanied state monopoly, individuals would find themselves equipped with some stock, service, or competency in a discretional decision to sell, ...
tency in a discretional decision to sell, for which they could pocket a tip, gratuity or corrupt allowance. The everyday Hungarian terms, such as “kenőpénz” meaning grease-money, or “csúszópénz” slidingmoney, were indicative of the fact ...
Ce spun oamenii - Scrie o recenzie
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names