Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
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Liquidation of the autonomous positions of the intelligentsia in culture and education ....................... 132 5.7.3. Domestication of Non-Government Organizations ......... 139 5.8. Patron-client relations in place of class ...
Established cultural and educational institutions were battered by accusations of unpatriotic conduct and then defunded, even as new “national” institutes of culture and education were formed. The NGO sector was strangled financially ...
... a combination of political power concentration and the growth of fortunes in the hands of the adopted political family by means of mafia culture elevated on the rank of central politics, operating a state monopoly on coercion. 1.2.
... which itself simultaneously becomes an economic venture also, capturing both the worlds of politics and the economy, and establishing its mafia type culture and influence by means of the whole arsenal of the powers of the state.
... system and eastern cultural patterns the latter came out victorious. In order to explain the disintegration and two-thirds victory of Fidesz at the polls it is necessary to delineate, first the responsibility of individual political ...
Ce spun oamenii - Scrie o recenzie
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names