Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
Rezultatele 1 - 5 din 34
... Constitutional coup d'état—the institutionalization of autocracy ....................................................... 113 5.5.2. Hostile takeover of the institutions of public authority .... 116 5.5.3. Government: not there to take ...
... constitutional change was unthinkable. By the time it joined the EU, Hungary was no longer even a “transition” state: the transition was over and Hungary had become a “normal country.” Less than a decade after Hungary entered the EU ...
... constitutional democracy fell apart so fast. It explains what happened in Hungary but it does far more than this: Magyar gives us the tools to understand a new sort of political formation—the post-communist mafia state. Hungary is not ...
... constitutional state and tame a wild market with sensible regulation—were few and far between. In this, Hungary was not alone. Liberal parties across the region rarely gained electoral victories, and when they did, those victories were ...
... constitutional majority allowed him to rewrite all of the rules in an aggressively anti-liberal direction. With his new powers, he cut all of his cross-party partners-in-corruption out of their various secret joint deals. Orbán, in ...
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names