Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
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... citizens have left for a better life elsewhere. The international community has taken note. The Commission for Democracy through Law of the Council of Europe, the “Venice Commission,” blasted the Hungarian government for treating the ...
... of such incidents, or if civil administrative or business matters can only be managed through bribes. Hungarian citizens were not assured of civil servants being 3 1. The system we live under 1.2. Evolutionary forms of corruption.
The Case of Hungary B lint Magyar. bribes. Hungarian citizens were not assured of civil servants being above accepting bribes by the experience of the transformation years following the regime change. Political connections were a means ...
... citizens of Central Europe. All at once in the free country it became apparent: Hungarian instincts, desires and hopes, culture and codes of behavior were seriously scarred, and had far more in common with East European and Balkan ...
... citizens are only characterized by a commitment to freedom of speech, the need to participate in public issues, the practice of freedom of rights and trust in other people, tolerance of those who think differently or their ability to ...
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names