Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
Rezultatele 1 - 5 din 35
... Administration through confidants and personal governors of the adopted political family instead of a professional bureaucratic administration ....................................... 125 5.6.1. Array of devices employed to intimidate ...
... administration and the broadly considered political class; • secondly, a transformation of the structure of decision-making in areas affected by corruption: displacing advantages tied to everyday consumption, state assistance that ...
... administration and enforcement at its disposal. The systemic corruption of the mafia state on a national level is therefore no longer an ordinary or underworld instance of corruption, for at this “stage of evolution” corruption has ...
... administration, etc.); the tragically discrediting impact of the socialist prime minister's speech at Őszöd;10 the state of cold civil war that had become a constant; the international economic crisis of 2008 that only compounded an ...
... administration, education and social welfare, and the growing petit bourgeoisie of the Kádár era. The reforms that would have made a rise in the standard of living possible—as well as growth sustainable—would have shifted precisely ...
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names