Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
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... .............. 260 8.4. Classifying criminal organization actions ........................ 261 9. Pyramid schemes—the limits of the mafia state ..................... 269 9.1. Economic pyramid scheme ....................................
... action that had a partisan or personal motive. As Magyar shows, the Orbán government orchestrated a coordinated attack on ... actions brought by members of the Orbán inner circle against those who challenged their performance, or raised ...
... actions, and which realizes a combination of political power concentration and the growth of fortunes in the hands of the adopted political family by means of mafia culture elevated on the rank of central politics, operating a state ...
... action of the parties involved, it does not undermine the foundations of the democratic establishment or impinge on the essence of the system, for it is still clear that the incident goes against the expected, legitimate behavioral ...
... action was only taken in 1996, when the limit—valid until 2013—was set at one million forint (about $9,000 at that time) per candidate. This was not only problematic because the figure did not follow a then double-digit inflation, but ...
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names