Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
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... Prime Minister Viktor Orbán Socialist government, until 2008 in coalition with liberals Hungary enters the European Union Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsány Prime Minister Gordon Bajnai Second Fidesz government (re-elected in 2014), ...
Before Viktor Orbán and his Fidesz political party came to power in 2010 with a constitution-making majority, Hungary's public and private spheres were crisscrossed with conflicts of interest, were shadowed by behind-the-scenes deals ...
In Hungary, however, this post-communist mafia state has a legal twist: Viktor Orbán and his circle of insiders are lawyers. Not just lawyers— but friends who met in law school and who developed a highly legalistic way of entrenching ...
The nostalgia for stability broadly felt by the populace and associated with the socialists, as well as the presence of the strong liberal party made it clear to Viktor Orbán, elected president of Fidesz in 1993, that the party could ...
We see a team by the intent of the designer, resembling the type found in Chicago in the thirties, where the figure of Viktor Orbán is definitive, though all of the others are also members of the team. At this time, next to the leader, ...
Ce spun oamenii - Scrie o recenzie
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names