Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
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Dilemmas faced by the European Union ..................... 273 9.2.2. Opening towards the East ..................................... 277 9.2.3. The disparate logic of EU and US sanctions .................. 283 9.3.
... Prime Minister Viktor Orbán Socialist government, until 2008 in coalition with liberals Hungary enters the European Union Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsány Prime Minister Gordon Bajnai Second Fidesz government (re-elected in 2014), ...
Hungary's 2003 referendum on joining the European Union chalked up 84% for the “yes” camp. The country entered the EU in 2004 after it had sailed through external assessments that showed that it was properly a democracy that respected ...
Freedom House had ever moved a state out of the “consolidated” category.3 The European Union, Council of Europe, OSCE, United States and others have routinely criticized the Hungarian government—and even used their limited powers to rap ...
All that had begun in Hungary between 1998 and 2002—the first time Fidesz had come to power—and has been fully realized since 2010 is best compared with what has happened in most of the countries of the former Soviet Union: Russia under ...
Ce spun oamenii - Scrie o recenzie
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names