Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
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The middle strata of the mafia state power hierarchy: service gentry and court purveyors—the “new national middle class” 149 5.9.1. The service gentry .............................................. 150 5.9.2. The court purveyors .
... but it singled out the head of the national bank for a massive pay reduction in an effort to get him to quit. A law that set up a minimum number of years of being a judge in Hungary to qualify as president of the Supreme Court was ...
Supreme Court was justified as a measure to ensure sufficient experience in the job, but it singled out the current independent-minded Supreme Court president for removal. A law that extended the terms and retirement ages of newly ...
To add to all of this, the State Court of Auditors only had the right to check the declared campaign expenditure of parties, in other words, to examine if the items declared by the parties had been added up correctly.
... and reacts belatedly to the horror of the racism-motivated serial murders committed against Roma people (2008–2009); or the courts, if sitting it out while the Hungarian Guard gained strength and only ordering its dissolution after ...
Ce spun oamenii - Scrie o recenzie
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names