Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
Rezultatele 1 - 5 din 42
... court purveyors—the “new national middle class” 149 5.9.1. The service gentry .............................................. 150 5.9.2. The court purveyors ............................
... an effort to get him to quit. A law that set up a minimum number of years of being a judge in Hungary to qualify as president of the Supreme Court was justified as a measure to ensure sufficient xx POST-COMMUNIST MAFIA STATE.
The Case of Hungary B lint Magyar. Supreme Court was justified as a measure to ensure sufficient experience in the job, but it singled out the current independent-minded Supreme Court president for removal. A law that extended the terms ...
... Court of Auditors only had the right to check the declared campaign expenditure of parties, in other words, to examine if the items declared by the parties had been added up correctly. Due to the tight allowance of official party ...
... courts, if sitting it out while the Hungarian Guard gained strength and only ordering its dissolution after a multiple-year-long legal tug of war, and then only to practice leniency at the appearance of its clones, and turning the ...
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names