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Aberdeen, Eminent Men of,
• 538 Feast of the Poets for 1841,

567, 709
Action of the Corn Laws, reviewed,
.626 Feats and Fortunes of Richard the Reiver,

85
; ,
65 Filmore's Translation of Faust, reviewed,

738
Agriculture, ' 68, 69, 340, 408, 476, 544, 612, 680, 678, Flowers of Hemp; or the Newgate Garland, 215

747, 748, 812 France, England, and the Palmerston Policy, 1
Aiken's Illustrations of Arts and Manufactures, 737
Amenities of Literature, by D'Israeli, reviewed, 638 Gerard's Account of Koonawur, reviewed,

801
America and the Corn Laws, by John Curtis, 743 Gibbie Ste'enson, the Miser,

359
America; Colonel Maxwell's book on,

782 Green Gauntlet, The ; or, the Traitor's Son, 318, 438, 497
America; Combe's Work on, recieved, .

241 Greville, or a Season in Paris; by Mrs. Gore, reviewed, 186
Buckingham's Work on, reviewed, 465
American Indians; Catlin's Work on, reviewed, 792 Hanging; some Loose Thoughts on,

314
Anglo-Saxon Literature; D'Israeli on,
640 Hairy-Mug Mania, or Pussy-Puppyism,

413
Apropos to the Royal Nursery,
184 Hastings' (Lady Flora) Poems, reviewed,

129
Are Wages Regulated by the Price of Corn 685,611 Howitt's student-Life of Germany, reviewed, 685
Azores ; A Residence in the; by Bullar,

414 | Howitt, W. and Richard, on New South Wales, 270

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588 Irish Rebellion; a Tale of the,

318, 438, 497
Bamford's Passages in the Life of a Radical, 277
Beethoven, Biographical Sketch of,
34 Jamieson, (Dr. John,) Memoir of,

514
Beethoven; Life of, by Moscheles,
400 | Japanese; Manners and Customs of the,

330
Belany's Treatise on Falconry; reviewed,
805 Justices of the Peace Small-Debt Courts,

743
Bentham, Memoirs of; by Dr. Bowring, 26, 177, 289,
728 Keats, his Poetical Character,

650
Bethune's Poems; with his Life,

603 Kennedy's Rise, Progress, &c. of Texas, reviewed, 346
Bone Manure; its History and Uses,
737 Kirk, What should it do now?

274
Bowood, (Lord Shelburne's) Bentham's Remini-
scences of,

26, 177, 728 L. E. L. (Miss Landon) Life and Literary Remains of, 445
Bogle on the Productive Resources of India, 199 Libel Law, The; under Tories and Whigs,

161
Bray's (Mrs.) Switzerland, recieved,

197 | Life and Times of the Rev. John Campbell, 654
Buckingham's America, Statistical and Descriptive, 465 Literary Register, 60, 197, 266, 330, 393, 461, 534, 673
Bullar's (J. and J.) Residence in the Azores, 414

733, 801
Bulwer's “ Night and Morning," reriewed,
191 | Lloyd and Gerard's Koonawur, in the Himalaya,

801
Burschen Melodies,
69 Looking in, and Looking out, in the Wen,

58
Bute; A Jewel of a Parson of,

521 | Luigia Sanfelice; a Sketch from Modern History, 697
Byron and his Imitators, criticized,
488 Lunatic Asylum, near York; Statistics of,

757

M'Gregor's Genuine Remains of Ossian, reviewed, 733
Campbell, John; the African Missionary,
654 | Magdalene Asylum; origin of the,

664
Campbell, Thomas; his rank as a poet,

653 Man and his Missus, versus Woman and her Master, 6
Campbell's Life of Petrarch, recieved,

529
Manchester Massacre; Account of the,

286
Carlyle's Lectures on Heroes and Hero-Worship, 379 | M'Crie's Scottish Church History, reviewed, 673
Cartwright, Major; and the Radicals of his Time, 277 Martineau's (Miss) The Hour and the Man,
Catlin's North American Indians, reviewed, 792 Maxwell's (Colonel) Run through the United States, 782
Chapters on English Poetry, 303, 484, 648, 681 Meditations in the Wen; by a Templar, 481, 600
Charles Chesterfield, or the Youth of Genius, 722 Mehemet Ali; Policy of France and England, 288
China, the War in,

66, 339, 408, 679, 745 Memoirs of Jeremy Bentham; by Dr. Bowring, 26, 177,
Chorley's Manners and Music in France and Germany,

289
506 | Mills' Old English Gentleman; revieved,

763
Class Schisms, and Wayward Workmen, . 779 Modern Prophets,

458
Cobden, Richard, M.P., on the Eastern Question, 78 Monkish Writers; D'Israeli on the,

645
Colin Clink; by Charles Hooton; rerieved,

461 Moore's Works, reviewed, 63, 127, 266, 333, 463, 648
Combe's Notes on the United States, reviewed, 241 More Light on the Danube,

425
Conspirators, The; by Mr. Quillinan, reviewed, 22 | Music in France and Germany,

506
Corn Laws; Lord J. Russell's proposed Protection, 473
Corn Laws, The, 67, 338, 455, 473, 542, 585, 626, 677, National Crisis, The,

341
743, 746, 808 | New Novels,

9, 111, 186,461,722, 763
Corn Laws; Working of the Sliding-Scale, 455, 677 Non-Intrusion, Church Extension, &c.,

205, 543
Covent Garden and the Hustings,
481 | Non-Intrusion Principle, The; carried out,

475
Crabbe; Criticism on his Poetry,

652
Curtis on America and the Corn Laws,
743 Old English Gentleman, The; reviewed,

763
Oliver Cromwell; edited by Horace Smith,

111
Danube; More Light on the,
425 Oliver, the Spy; his nefarious exploits,

282
De Quincey's Autobiography,

97 Opium War, The,

66, 339,
D'Israeli's Amenities of Literature, reriewed, 638 Ord's

The Bard and Minor Poems, reviewed, 803
Drawing-room Scrap-book, The, reviewed,
62 Ossian's Genuine Remains; by MʻGregor,

733
Druids, The; D’Israeli’s Account of the,

639 Oxonian Ethics, (Sewell's Christian Morals,) 561
Duelling; Mr. De Quincey on,

98 Palmerston Policy, The; France and England, 1
Dumont's Connexion with Bentham’s Writings, 729 Pardoe's (Miss) City of the Magyar, rerieved, 60

Parliament, Proceedings of, 337, 406, 473, 676, 745
Flinburgh, as a Place of Education,
736 Parliamentary Election Committees,

337
Edinburgh, in 1840; by Ann Walker,
393 Parties, Present State of,

137
Eleetions, The, of Parliament, 1841,
542 Passages in the Life of a Radical,

277
Ellis's Summer and Winter in the Pyrenees, 534 Peel, Sir Robert; What will he do?

611, 613
Emerson's Essays; by Carlyle, reriewed,
666 | Petrarch, Campbell's Life of, recieved,

529
Emigration to N. South Wales; by W. and R. Howitt, 270 Philip's Life and Times of Rev. John Campbell,
Fairy Surprised, The; by a Believer in Dreams, . 629 Phrenology, in Combe's Work on America,

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369
346

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Pigott's Real Life, in the Palace and the Cottage, 166 Some Loose Thoughts on Hanging,

314
Poetry; Chapters on English, 303, 484, 648, 681 Statistics of the Retreat near York,

767
Political Register, 65, 337, 406, 473, 542, 676, 745, 809 Student Life of Germany, The, reriewed,

685
Politics of the Parks, (London)

600 Sugar Duties, The,

343, 406, 741
Present Duty of Reformers,
409 Sultan, The, and Mehemet Ali,

288
Progress and Prospects of society, The

297 Sunday Desecration ; Railway Travelling, &c., 810
Protection to Agriculture,
678 Swing (Lucifer) on the Fire in the Tower,

760
Protestantism, Puseyism, and Catholicism, 205 Syria, The War in,

1, 65, 288
Punishments, System of, in America,

248

Talented Family, The, 46, 142, 255, 383, 545, 616,711
Quaker Lunatic Asylum, near York,

757 Tewkesbury, Description of the field of,
Quackleborough Election; a Mystery,

357 Texas; its Rise, Progress, and Prospects,
Quillinan's “ The Conspirators,” reviewed,
22 Thieves' Literature; Illustrations of the,

215
Things at the Worst, (in Politics,)

477
Radicalism in England, in 1816, &c.,

277 | Thomson's (Dr.) Domestic Management of the Sick-
Railway from Newcastle to Edinburgh,

678
room,

398
Reputation; The Cost of a,
230 Too Funny by Half,

195
Revenue, The, in 1841,
339 Topaz, The, for 1842, reriewed,

749
Review of Unpublished Annuals; The Topaz, 749 | Tories, Accession of the, to Office,

477, 611, 613
Roberts' Journey through Egypt, &c., to Bombay. 235 Tories, Whigs, and Radicals; and the Libel Law, 161
Romilly; Bentham’s Recollections of,

730 Tower of London ; The lato Fire in the, 760, 809

Trade and Manufactures, 68, 475, 544, 680, 748, 812
Sanatory Inquiries and Proposed Legislation, 705 Trappe; A Visit to the Monastery of La, 153, 223
Scott, Byron, and their Imitators,

484 Trollope's (Mrs.) Charles Chesterfield, recieved, 722
Scottish Dictionary ; Memoir of the Author, 514 Turkey, State of, by R. Cobden, M.P.,

78
Sedgwick's (Miss) Letters from Abroad, reriewed, 590 Two Years before the Mast, reriewed, .

430
Sewell's Christian Morals, reriewed,

561
Shakers, The, Described by Colonel Maxwell, 786 Violet Hamilton, or The Talented Family, a Tale, by
Shakspearian Rambles; by H. Curling,

Mrs. Johnstone, 46, 142, 255, 383, 545, 616,711
Shelburne, Bentham’s Reminiscences of, 26, 177, 289,728 Voluntary Churches in America,

241, 246
Shelley ; Criticism on the Poetry of,

681
Sketches of Life and Manners; from the autobio-

Wages of Labour and Price of Corn,

585, 611
graphy of an English Opium-Eater,
97 | Walsall Election, The, .

136
Sketches in Erris and Tyrawly, reviewed, 491 Wen, Musings in the;' by a Templar,

481, 600
Slavery and the Slave Trade, in America, &c., 373 Westminster Election; Description of a,

481
Slavery and the Sugar Duties,
741 | What should the Kirk do now?

273
Sliding Scale, (Corn Laws ;) Working of the, 455, 677 Whig and Tory Candidates at the Hustings, 482
Smith (James) Memoirs of,

92 / Working Classes, The; and their Employers, 779

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A Cry for Bread,
628, 671 Lines written to an Italian Melody, 670 The Exile,

710
Advent Hymn,
781 Lord Bateman's Darter; a Romaunt, 577 The Irish Patriot's Toast,

575
A Fragment,
711 Madrigal,
575 The Lullaby,

584
A Highlander's Lament for Glen- My Grandfather ; by Robert Nicoll, 571 The Nameless Rivulet; by Robert
garry; by a Lady,
580 My Lady's Picture,
574 Nicoll,

571
A Legend of the North Countrie, 583 Ode to Lochlomond,

458 The Old Man's Melodies, 710
A True History of a True Love, 254 Ode to the Memory of Burns, 584 | The Old Village Common,

710
An Angler's Lay for the Month of

Old Elspeth,

672 | The Palace Mother; a New Year's
May,

393 On the deposition of the Rev. Mr. Congratulation, and Offering of
Australian Emigrant's Song, 583

Wright, of Borthwick. By a

Hope, on the now Maternal
A Sabbath in the Wilderness, 581

Clergyman of the Church of

Character of her Majesty ; by
Canzonet; by Major C. Campbell, 575 England,

411 One of the People,

109
Charity,
576 On the Prosecution of the Publisher

The Patron of the Parish,

317
Choice of a Grave,
582 of Shelley,
727 The Poet's Death Song,

568
Conquerors,
628 Our Auld Hearthstane; by Robert The Poet's Spring Tide,

480
Crambambuli for New Year's Day;

Nicoll,
572 | The Skeleton Foot,

578
by a Bursch of the University Rhymes for the corn Kings;

196 | The Songs of the Trees,

320
of Edinburgh,
34 Sathanas and the Fryar of Halierude, 578 The Sword,

235
Death,
579 Shine and Shade,

480 The Three Returns; Egypt, Elba,
Ermenaide-a
-a Coquette, 574 Sonnet. By Calder Campbell

,
St. Helena,

576
Farewell to Childhood,
581 Sonnet, inscribed to John Milton, 496 The Toasts of the Trio,

711
First Song of Spring; by John Sonnet-The Death of General Har-

Thoughts of Heaven ; by Robert
Walker Ord,
296 rison,
437 Nicoll,

570
Genora; or, the Grave Robber, 376 Sonnet to Mrs.

672 | To

575
It's nae fun, that; by R. Nicoll, . 791 Sonnets to

366 To a Caged Eagle,

576
Jolly Jerry the Barrister,
579 Spring,
317 | To a Fellow-traveller,

576
Lays of Scottish History, 709 The Aspen Tree,

582 To a Lost Friend,

96
Lines by a Lady, suggested by the The Auld Folk

582 To my Brother,

581
divisions in the Church of Scot- The Bramble; by Robert Nicoll, 573 To the Albatross; by Richard
land,
196 The Bridal Night,
584 Howitt,

576
Lines on the Death of President Har-

The Bride,
574 To the Spirit of Poetry,

569
rison,
528 The Church-yard Tree,

580 Verses written at Florence, 671
Lines on the Memory of Wallace

The Departure of Childhood, 214 We are Lowly; by Robert Nicoll, 572
and Bruce,
583 The Dying Child,

580 We'll a' go pu' the Heather; by
Lines
written in a Roman Camp in The Emigrant's Farewell to Edin-

Robert Nicoll,

573
Bavaria,

577 burgh,

45

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763

TAIT'S

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.

JANUARY, 1841.

FRANCE, ENGLAND, AND THE PALMERSTON POLICY.

The public feeling in England, respecting the ciple. The parliament and the people confine their state of our foreign relations, exhibits, at the pre- attention to their own affairs; but they carelessly sent moment, a remarkable contrast to that of allow the ministry to meddle, and meddle just as France. In France, all parties and classes are they like, with every intrigue that may agitate anxious and excited : some eagerly hoping for war not merely Europe, but the world. The people of with England; others as eagerly seeking to main the continent, therefore, never believe the assertain peace; but all actively engaged in discussing tion that the people of this country are careless of the chances, and moved by a lively interest in the foreign politics. They judge of us by the doings possible consequences of hostility. In England, of our government; and as the government is realon the contrary, all is apathy. The newspapers ly, from our apathy, wholly without check or conwrite and speculate about war with France, it is trol, the judgment of foreigners respecting us is true, because they must write about something ; but too often, and too justly, unfavourable towards but there is no excitement, no anxiety in the pub- our character, and hostile to our interests. The lic mind about it. For the truth of this assertion, present position of our relations with France, is a we appeal to the experience of every man in his remarkable instance of the consequence of this own society. Of the fact of this want of interest, conduct on our part. The people are careless, conthis absence of all anxiety in the public mind, there fident in the continuation of peace, and looking on can be no doubt. What, then, is the cause of this with a strange and fatal indifference ; our Foreign remarkable difference of feeling? How is it that, minister, on the contrary, is active, meddling, and while our neighbours are so excited, so anxious, mischievous. The French, naturally suspicious, and so much on the alert, we regard all that is from their former experience, are jealous, excited, going forward with such striking indifference? hostile. While we think war impossible, and act The cause, we suspect, is this: the people of this upon this belief, they, deeming war inevitable, moot country are unable to persuade themselves that this question only-When will it happen? This war is imminent. Removed, as we are, from the expectation of hostilities moves their people from hopes and fears of continental politics, we—that is, one end of their country to the other; all classes, the people of this country—are not like the French, all parties, are equally on the alert ; and, if we always on the qui vive, jealous and watchful of look closely into the language of men of every what is going on around us. Our minds are, party, we shall find throughout a strong feeling of therefore, turned exclusively towards our own con- hostility to England ; an expectation that war with cerns; and we leave what are called the foreign her is at hand; and that the only point of differaffairs of the country almost entirely in the hands ence is the mode of preparing for, and the time of of the executive government. The House of Com- declaring it.* mons partakes so much of this feeling of the people, that, for many years after the passing of the * In the late debates in the French Chamber, M. Reform Bill, it was absolutely impossible to main- Guizot and Marshal Soult appear the only exceptions to tain a debate upon questions of foreign policy. this statement. In the speeches of all the other speakThis indifference, arising from a good principle, they severally arrive, there is manifest an angry tone

hatever may be the practical conclusion at which and attended with many beneficial effects, is yet towards England, and a readiness to go to war, when the productive of some mischievous consequences. The proper time shall hare arrived. It is much to be susgood principle is, the determination to mind our pected that, spite of all their pacific language, M. Guizot own affairs, leaving to others the undisturbed and Marshal Soult are carefully preparing for war, under management of theirs. But the mischievous effect the apprehension that the petulance of the English miof our conduct arises from our not compelling the people, will, at no very distant day, bring on a war

nister, acting upon the jealous temper of the French executive government to act upon the same prin- however painful to the king and his present ministers.

XO. LXXXY.-VOL. VIII.

A

War! say the people of this country--in the ment and enthusiasm—things cannot be worse, name of common sense, we ask for what are we to they may be better. Sauve qui peut.go to war? Syria! Turkey! the integrity of the The affairs of France afforded a happy opportuOttoman empire! What are these things to us? | nity for trying such an experiment. M. Thiers Can any arrangement of the affairs of the barba- had succeeded in thrusting himself into power, rian, Mehemet Ali, and those of the still greater spite of the most decided and violent opposition of barbarian, the sultan, be fraught with mischief to the French king. Louis Philippe has never been us and the world equal to what would follow if war content to reign upon the principles and with the were to break out between us and France ? Cer- power of a constitutional monarch. Irresponsible, tainly not, is the answer of every rational man. he yet has ever desired to be his own minister-that How, then, is it possible that on such a pretext is, he desired to do what he pleased, and to make others war can arise ? Satisfied, as each man is, of the responsible if evil should follow. The Liberal party absurdity of such a reason for disturbing the peace have always opposed him in this pretension; and of Europe, all pursue their ordinary avocations; at length M. Thiers, who had already become percomforting themselves with the notion that our sonally offensive to him, was able, by the aid of a neighbours are an excitable people, much given to majority in the chamber, in spite of the expressed fierce gesticulation on trifling occasions; but on the wishes of the king, to seize upon the post of prime whole far too sensible to forget their real interests minister, with the open determination of acting not in maintaining peace, and stir up a war with Eng- at the king's dictation, but on his own opinion, and land on account of some idle unintelligible disputes subject to responsibility for his own acts alone. about Syria, Egypt, and Turkey. The Minister He knew that every engine of intrigue would be for Foreign Affairs is, therefore, allowed to do as he employed to dispossess him,—that the first favourpleases ; and that he pleases to create a disturbance able opportunity for that purpose would be eagerly in Europe, is but too manifest to all who will take seized,—and that every art would be used to destroy the pains carefully to watch his conduct through his power in the chamber, and his popularity with the out the whole of the proceedings relating to what people. It was necessary for him to be prepared for is called the Eastern question.

the struggle that was coming between himself and A glance at the condition of the English minis- the sovereign, and to shape his course accordingly. try may enable us to see some light in the present M. Thiers had in early life, and for some years matter; more especially, if we look also at the state after he was known as a politician, been of what of party politics in France. It will not be difficult is called the Ultra-liberal party. This party he to ascertain how the existing combustion has offended, by adopting the opinions of a section of arisen--why Messrs Palmerston, Thiers, and the the juste milieu, which had great power in the King of the French have succeeded in raising a Chamber of Deputies. But any one who desires quarrel between France and England which to cope with the king, at the head of the Conservathreatens to create confusion from one end of the tive party, soon feels in France that he must be world to the other.

supported, not only by this section, which is in It was plain to every body that, at the close of reality of the bourgeoisie or middle class,—but that the last session of parliament, the Whigs saw that he must also acquire the confidence of the more their tenure of office would hardly extend beyond declared liberals. These latter, though few in numthe next session, if no alteration took place in the ber in the chambers, are numerous out of doors public mind. The small majority in the House of active, intelligent, and powerful. Now, this party Commons, which afforded them their poor pretext entertain a belief that their views of change will for retaining office, was every day dwindling away

be advanced by war. The movement party in -every new election diminished their numbers. France is also a war party;* and herein is one The apathy of the people was now too manifest to great distinction between the English and the be mistaken, and, if it continued, was sure to be French Radicals. M. Thiers, therefore, wishing fatal to their existence as a ministry. There was

to conciliate this section, and well aware of the another eeling also that was daily becoming general feeling of the French people respecting war stronger-disgust at the open and shameless minis- and glory, was not unwilling to seize any opportuterial desertion of all the principles which the nity which should enable him to arouse the national Whigs, as a party, had so long advocated. This vanity, to link himself to the national glory, in the disgust rendered the liberal public indifferent as to hope of being by this means able to cope with the Tory success ; and the oft-repeated cry of “ Keep king and the Conservative party. Lord Palmerout the Tories” had lost its efficacy; for men said ston quickly gave him an opportunity of playing --and said truly—“ Why need we keep them out,

this card. seeing that you ape all their evil doings in office ?

Some months before M. Thiers came into office, If out, you may do good ; but, now that you are in, we have an illiberal ministry watched by a some

* It should be remarked, however, that although the what more illiberal opposition.” Things were

morement is, on the whole, a war party, yet that their

desire for war is war with the despots of Europe, rather hastening to their natural conclusion-yet a few than with England. That the national vanity has been months, and the Whig ministry had ceased to hurt by the successes of England cannot be denied ; neiexist. Like desperate gamesters, they now seem

ther can it be doubted that there are many persons in trying their last throw. It would appear as if they France who talk of washing out this stain, as they are said _“ Peace has been fatal to us,-let us see what it is to be hoped and believed that the majority of the

pleased to term it, on their national honour ; nevertheless, war will bring; confusion may recreate excite- I liberal party would rather have England a friend than foe,

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