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Must yield to such inevitable shame,
As to offend, himself being offended;
So I can give no reason, nor I will not,
More than a lodg'd hate, and certain loathing.
I bear Antonio, that I follow thus
A losing suit against him.

The master saw the madness rise;
His glowing cheeks, his ardent eyes;
And while he heaven and earth defy'd,
Chang'd his hand, and check'd his pride.

The Second combined vowel sound is marked by-
u, in Muse,

and is compounded of the 9th and 3rd vowels.

MUSE, use, fuse, bruise; fruit, suit, mute; blue, flue, glue, sue, true, new; supine, supinely, supineness, supreme, supremacy, supremely; super, superadded, supersede, superabundance, supercargo, superannuate, supercilious, superexcellent, superfices, superfine, superfluous, superintendent, superior, superiorly, superlative, supernatural, supernumerary, superscription, supervention, superstitious; salute, dilute, pollute, volute, absolute, resolute, irresolute, dissolute, (ue in) ague, argue, value, overvalue, undervalue; avenue, revenue, detinue, retinue, continue, discontinue, (duce in) traduce, abduce, educe, deduce, reduce, seduce, induce, superinduce, conduce, reproduce, introduce, (uble in) soluble, voluble, insoluble, indissoluble, dissoluble; (lude in) preclude, seclude, include, exclude, conclude, interlude, interclude.

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There are Nine Half Vowel Sounds.

The First Half Vowel Sound is marked by

Terminational 7, still, Initial L, list, love, lovely.

MILL, still, fill, hill, will; milling, millwright, milliner, millstone; stilly, stillness; filling. filled fillip; willing, willingly; windmill, standstill, fulfill, fulfilling, fulfilled, (ile s I in) fub'ile, nub'ile, fac'ile, doc'ile, ag'ile, juvenile, febr'ile, pur'ile, vir'ile, tens'ile, miss'ile; (stle s sl in) cas'tle, forecas'tle, nes'tle, wres'tle, this'tle, whis'tle, epis'tle, bris'tle, gris'tle, jos'tle, apos'tle, thros'tle, bus'tle, just'le, rust'tle; (cial, and tial in) special, judicial, beneficial, superficial; initial, substantial, credential, prudential, circumstantial.

Lessons on the First Half Vowel Sound.

The semi-vocal sound 7, may be advantageously produced as an initial in such passages as these.

List! List! O list!

-Let not nature's hand

Keep the wild flood confined, Let heav'n kiss earth,

Let order die

And let the world no longer be a stage

To feed contention in a lingering act.
But let one spirit of the first-born Cain
Live in all bosoms.

When lovely woman stoops to folly,
And finds too late that men betray,
What charm can sooth her melancholy?
What art can wash her guilt away?

The Second Half Vowel Sound is marked by

Terminational r, spur, Initial R, reputation.

SLUR, fur, cur; concur, demur, demurring, demurrer; circumstance, circumstantial, circumambient, circumambulate, circumcise, eircumcision, circumduct, circumference, circumventor, circumflex, circumfluent, circumfluous, circumfuse. Rage, revenge, raging, raged, revenging, revengeful; restore, retract, respect, request, recur, recourse, restoring, restorative, restoration, retracting, respecting, recurring, recurred, recurrence; recommend, reconcile, recollect, retrospect; recommending, reconciling, recollecting; recommended, reconciled, recommendation, reconciliation, recollection, retrospection, retrospective.

Lessons on the Second Half Vowel Sound.

I have no spur to prick the idea of my intent, but vaulting ambition.

Truly; shepherd, in respect, of itself, it is a good life; but in respect that it is a shepherd's life, it is nought. In respect that it is solitary, I like it very well: but in respect that it is private, it is a very vile life. Now, in respect it is in the fields, it pleaseth me well; but in respect it is not in the court, it is tedious. As it is a spare life, look you, it fits my humour well; but as there is no more plenty in it, it goes much against my stomach.

Reputation, Reputation, Reputation! Oh, I have lost my Reputation! I have lost the immortal part Sir, of myself, and what remains is bestial. My Reputation, Iago, my Reputation!

N.B. The vibratory sound of the R is formed by elevating the tongue to the roof of the mouth near the teeth. The forcible pronunciation of it in certain cases is a great beauty; but it should not be too strongly so in the middle or at the end of words, a defect in Irish pronunciation in words where it precedes m and n; as in farm, charm, form, &c. The defect of not vibrating the R, removed by pro- nouncing such words as have the d connected with them, as tread, dread, dray, &c.

The Third Half Vowel Sound is marked by—

m, in drum,

STRUM, mum, rum, gum, strumming, mumming, rummer, rummage, rummaging, rummaged; harm, farm, charm, alarm, disarm, warm, swarm, sperm, term, misterm, firm, affirm, infirm, confirm, form, deform, reform, conform, inform, cubiform, transform, platform. Murder, murderer, murdering,

murdered; mischief, malice, monster, malignant, mischievous, malicious, monstrous, monstrosity; mirth, mirthfnl; music, musical, musician; melody, melodiously; misery, melancholy, miserable, melancholic; misanthropical.

Lessons on the Third Half Vowel Sound.

a drum, a drum!

Macbeth doth come!

Many a thousand widows

Shall this mock, mock out of their dear husbands;
Mock mothers from their sons, mock castles down,
And some are yet ungotten and unborn,

That shall have cause to mourn the Dauphin's scorn.
What must the king do now? Must he submit?
The king shall do't; must he be depos'd?
The king shall be contented: must he lose
The name of king? O God's name, let it go.
I'll give my jewels for a set of beads;
My gorgeous palace for a hermitage;
My gay apparel for an almsman's gown,
My figur'd goblets for a dish of wood;
My sceptre for a palmer's walking-staff;
My subjects for a pair of carved saints;
And my large kingdom for a little grave.

O, for the love of laughter, hinder not the honor of his design, let him fetch off his drum in any hand.

How now, Monsieur? this drum sticks sorely in
Your disposition.

A plague on't, let it go, 'tis but a drum,

But a drum! I'st but a drum? a drum so lost!

Is to be recover'd; but that the merit of service is seldom

Attributed to the true and exact performer;

I would have that drum or another, or Hic Jacet.

Nay, a mother; why not a mother? when I said mother,

Methought you saw a serpent; what's in mother,

That you start at? I say, I am your mother,

You ne'er oppress'd me with a mother's groan,
Yet I express to you a mother's care;

God's mercy, maiden, does it curd thy blood,
say, I am thy mother?


When music, heavenly maid, was young,
Murder most foul,

Ring the alarm bell, murder! treason!

The Fourth Half Vowel Sound is marked by

n, tin.

SIN, win, fin, pin, gin, thin; sinner, sinful, sinning; spin, spinster, spindle; begin, beginner, beginning; continue, contingent, contingency, continuation, continued, continual; pain, grain, slain; (as an initial in) nothing, nature, naturally, natural, name, naming, nameless, name, namesake; nothingless; new, newly, newness, novel, novelty, nevertheless.

n is nasal in the terminational sound ing; as an initial it is more semi-vocal, see next lesson.

Lessons on the Fourth Half Vowel Sound.
God hath made her sin and her the plague
On this removed issue; plagu'd for her,
And with her plague her sin; his injury
Her injury, the cradle to her sin,

All punished in the person of this child,
And all for her sin.

No, no, no, no life?

Why should a dog, a horse, a rat have life?

And thou no breath at all? Thoul't come no more,
Never, never, never, never, never,—

Is whispering nothing?

Is leaning cheek to cheek? Is meeting noses?
Kissing with inside lip? Stopping the career
Of laughter with a sigh? (A note infallible
Of breaking honesty :) horsing foot on foot?
Shulking in corners? Wishing clocks more swift?
Hours minutes? Noon, midnight? And all eyes blind
With the pin and web, but theirs, theirs only,
That would unseen be wicked? Is this nothing?
Why, then the world, and all that's in't is nothing;
The covering sky is nothing; Bohemia nothing;
My wife is nothing; nor nothing have these nothings,
If this be nothing.

The Fifth Half Vowel Sound is marked by

ng, ring,

SING, bring, sling, wing, king; singing, bringing, slinging; singer, slinger; kingly, kingdom, kingston; walking, running, creeping, going, fetching, carrying, crying, weeping, laughing, quaffing, sporting, courting, riding chiding, abiding, gliding, taking, waking, shaking, making, baking, forsaking, overtaking; speaking, seeking, creaking, loving, hating, eating, drinking, thinking, slinking, winking, clinging, flinging, ringing, springing, stinging, winging, swinging.

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you I did know to whom I gave
If you did know for whom I gave the ring,
And would conceive for what I gave

And how unwillingly I left the ring,

the ring,

When nought would be accepted but the ring,
You would abate the strength of your displeasure.

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King, did I call thee? no, thou art no king,
Thou art the King, King Edward hath deposed.

I was anointed King at nine years old,

My father and my grandfather were Kings

And you were sworn true subjects unto me,
We are true subjects to the King,

King Edward,

So would you be again to Henry,

If he were seated as King Edward is,

We charge you in God's name, and in the King's.
To go with us unto the officers,

In God's name lead, your King's name be obeyed,
And what God will, that let your King perform.

Iago, what dost thou think?

Think, my lord

Think, my lord, aye think—

The Sixth Half Vowel Sound is marked by

th, the, these.

THOU, this, thus, that, them, they, thence, thenceforth, thenceforward, there, thereabout, thereby, thither, thitherward; though, they, thyself, thine, thee, themselves, therefore, thine.

Lessons on the Sixth Half Vowel Sounds.

The learn'd is happy nature to explore,
The fool is happy, that he knows no more;
The rich is happy in the bounty given,


poor contents him with the care of heaven;
See the blind beggar dance, the cripple sing,
The sot a hero, lunatic a King;

The starving chemist in his golden views,
Supremely blest, the poet in his muse.

These are thy glorious works, parent of good,
Almighty! thine, this wond'rous frame,

Thus wond'rous fair, thyself how wond'rous then;

O thou that with surpassing glory crown'd,
Look'st from thy sole dominion, like the God

Of this new world ;-To thee I call.

These, as they change, Almighty Father! these
Are but the varied god.

Is this the region, this the soil, the clime,
That we must change, for heaven? this
mournful gloom

For that celestial light?

Here are the wise, the generous, and the brave,
The just, the good, the worthless, the profane.
There as I pass'd with careless steps and slow-
Thou source of all my bliss and all my woe.

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