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heaven! Infuse a better spirit into these men! Inspire even their minds with purer sentiments!-This is my first prayer; or if their natures are not to be reformed; on them, on them only, discharge your vengeance! Pursue them both by land and sea! Pursue them even to destruction! But, to us display your goodness in a speedy deliverance from impending evils, and all the blessings of protection and tranquillity!
INVOCATION OF MILTON, IN PARADISE LOST.
-And chiefly thou, O spirit, that dost prefer
may assert Eternal Providence,
And justify the ways of God to man.
BOLINGBROKE ACCUSING MOWBRAY.
First, (heaven be the record to my speech!)
And wish, (so please my sovereign,) ere I move,
What my tongue speaks, my right-drawn sword may prove.
PART OF CICERO'S ORATION AGAINST VERRES.
O liberty! O sound once delightful to every Roman ear! O sacred privilege of Roman citizenship! once sacred! now trampled upon! but what then? Is it to come to this? shall an inferior magistrate, a governor who holds his whole power of the Roman people, in a Roman province, within sight of Italy, bind, scourge, torture with fire and red hot plates of iron, and at last put to the infamous death of the cross a Roman citizen? Shall neither the cries of innocence expiring in agony, nor the tears of pitying spectators, nor the majesty of the Roman Commonwealth, nor the fear of the justice of his country, restrain the licentious and wanton cruelty of a monster, who, in confidence of his riches, strikes at the root of liberty, and sets mankind at defiance?
FATHERS, we once again are met in council;
And Scipio's death? Numidia's burning sands
And envies us even Libya's sultry deserts.
Fathers, pronounce your thoughts;—are they still fix'd
Or are your hearts subdu'd at length, and wrought
ENQUIRY, into an obscure subject, fixes the body in one posture, the head stooping, and the eye poring, the eyebrows drawn down.
KING TO ALBERTO-HOME'S ALONZO.
-Tell me, wond'rous youth!
For much I long to know; what is thy name?
ATTENTION to an esteemed, or superior character, has the same aspect as Inquiry; and requires silence; the eyes often cast down upon the ground; somtimes fixed on the face of the speaker; but not too pertly.
THE FALLEN ANGELS IN MILTON'S PARADISE LOST.
To second, or oppose, or undertake
The perilous attempt: but all sat mute,
Pondering the danger with deep thoughts; and each
In other's countenance read his own dismay.
Astonished! None, among the choice and prime
Of those heaven-warring champions, could be found
So hardy as to proffer or accept
Alone the dreadful voyage; till at last
Satan, whom now transcendant glory raised
Above his fellows, with monarchal pride,
(Conscious of highest worth,) unmoved thus spake.
ARGUING requires a cool, sedate, attentive aspect, and a clear, slow, emphatical accent, with much demonstration by the hand. It differs from Teaching, (see Teaching) in that the look of authority is not wanted in arguing.
IMMORTALITY, AN ARGUMENT AGAINST SUICIDE.
If death were nothing, and nought after death;
Returning to the barren womb of nothing,
Whence first they sprang; then might the debauchee
Fill up another to the brim, and laugh
At the poor bug-bear death;-then might the wretch
At once give each inquietude the slip,
By stealing out of being when he pleas'd,
And by what way; whether by hemp or steel;
Death's thousand doors stand open. Who would force
BOLINGBROKE CHALLENGING MOWBRAY.
Which fear, not reverence, makes thee to except,
PART OF T. QUINTUS'S SPEECH TO THE ROMAN PEOPLE. In the name of the immortal gods, what is it, Romans, you would have? You desired tribunes: for the sake of peace we granted them.-You were eager to have decemvirs; we consented to their creation.-You grew weary of those decemvirs; we obliged them to abdicate. Your hatred pursued them when reduced to be private men; and we suffer'd you to put to death, or banish, pratricians of the first rank in the Republic.-You insisted upon the restoration of the tribuneship; we yielded: we quietly saw consuls of your own faction elected.-You have the protection of your tribunes, and the privilege
of appeal; the patricians are subjected to the decrees of the Commons. Under pretence of equal and impartial laws, you have invaded our rights; and we have suffer'd it; and we still suffer it; When shall we see an end of discord?
BISHOP OF CARLISLE'S DEFENCE OF RICHARD II.
Shall here inhabit, and this land be call'd
The field of Golgotha and dead men's sculls.
O, if you rear this house against this house,
That ever fell this cursed earth;
Prevent, resist it, let it not be so,
Lest child, child's children, cry against you,-woe!
ESCHINES AGAINST DEMOSTHENES.
As to myself, O earth! O sun! O virtue! And you who are the springs of true discernment, lights both natural and acquired, by which we distinguish good from evil, I call you to witness, that I have used all my endeavours to relieve the state, and to plead her cause. I could have wished my speech had been equal to the greatness and importance of the subject; and I can flatter myself with having discharged my duty according to the best of my abilities, if I have not done it according to my wishes. Do you, Athenians, from the reasons you have heard, and those which your wisdom will suggest; do you pronounce such a judgment as is conformable to strict justice, and the common good demands from you.
JUDGING demands a grave, steady look, with deep attention; the countenance altogether clear from appearance of either disgust, or favour. The accents slow, distinct, emphatical, accompanied with little action, and that very grave.
DUKE OF VIENNA ADJUDGING ANGELO.
For this new married man, approaching here,
Of sacred chastity, and of promise breach
Most audible, even from his proper tongue,
Haste still pays haste, and leisure answers leisure;
PORTIA AGAINST SHYLOCK.
The law hath still another hold on you:
It is enacted in the laws of Venice
If it be proved against an alien,
That by direct, or indirect attempts,
He seek the life of any citizen,
The party 'gainst the which he doth contrive,
Thou hast contrived against the very life
The danger formerly by me rehearsed.
Down, therefore, and beg mercy of the Duke.
ACQUITTING is performed with a benevolent, tranquil countenance, and tone of voice; the right hand, if not both, open, waved gently towards the person acquitted, expressing dismission (see Dismissing.)
King. Now by my sceptre and my sword, I swear
Thou art a noble youth; an angel's voice
Could not command a more implicit faith
Than thou from me hast gain'd. What think'st thou, Hamet,