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COGGESHALL is a market town, partly situated on low , dug up in England and elsewhere. In a place called ground near the north side of the river Blackwater, in Westfield, belonging to the abbey, and situated about Esses

, and partly on the acclivity of a pleasant hill rising three-quarters of a mile from Coggeshall, was also found, on the same side. On this latter account it is supposed says Weever, “ by touching with a plough, a great brazen to have been named in Saxon Loggerhall

, 1. e., Sunny pot. The ploughman supposing it to have been hid treaBank

, and in the old deeds, Sunnendon. It is forty- sure, sent for the abbot to see it taken up. The mouth of four miles from London and ten from Colchester. the pot was closed with a white substance like paste or

According to one authority Coggeshall owes its exist clay, as hard as burnt brick; and when that was removed, ence to the abbey, whose foundation attracted towards it another pot inclosed a third, which would hold about a a number of dependants and inhabitants: but some anti- gallon; and this was covered with a velvet-like substance, quaries suppose it to have been of Roman origin, and fastened with a silken lace; within this were found whole Mr. Drake argues strongly in favour of its being the bones, and many pieces of small bones, wrapped up in Canonium of Antoninus. Its distance, he observes, fine silk of fresh colour, which the abbot took for the exactly answers to the numbers of the Itinerary, which relics of some saint, and laid up in his vestiary; but it places Canonium between Camulodunum and "Cæsaro

was more probably a Roman urn. This and the former magus: the latter he supposes to be Dunmow, from which discovery seem certainly insufficient to prove that Cog. a military way runs in a direct line to Colchester. The geshall is the actual site of a Roman station ; although opinion that Coggeshall is identical with the station some think they afford evidence of its having been a Canonium, he endeavours to corroborate by mentioning Roman villa. some Roman coins and other antiquities, that have been In the reign of Edward the Confessor this lordship found in this vicinity. Among the latter was an | belonged to Colo, a Saxon; but at the time of the Domes"arched vault of bricke, and therein a burning lampe of day survey it was held by Eustace, earl of Boulogne, glasse

, covered with a Roman tyle some fourteen inches whose heiress, Maud, conveyed it to the crown by her square, and one urn with ashes and bones; besides two marriage_with Stephen, earl of Blois, afterwards sacrificing dishes of polished red earth, having the king of England. In the year 1142 Stephen and his bottom of one of them with faire Roman letters, in- queen founded an abbey here, near the river, for Cisterseribed Coccili M." This inscription is supposed by cian or white monks; and having dedicated it to the Mr. Burton to be intended for “ Coccili Manibus;" 1. e., Virgin Mary, endowed it with this and other manors. to the Manes of Coccilus. Others affirm it to be only In 1203 King John granted the abbot and his convent a potter's

mark found on many vessels that have been permission to inclose and impark their wood at Cogges

Vol. XX.

622

hall; and in 1247 they obtained a license from King

ITHE BRANDY PEST Henry the Third to inclose and impark extensive wood

No. IV. lands in Tolleshunt, Inworth, and other places: the king

The Visit. also invested them with the privileges of holding a market weekly, and an eight days' annual fair. This We had listened to Justine's narration with deep emotion ; monastery was largely endowed by succeeding benefac- we all surrounded the good child, pressed her in our arms, tors; and a chantry was founded in the church to pray and tried to comfort her by the assurance of our love. daily for King Edward the Third, Philippa his queen,

Justine was right; if her father had been able to foresee the and their children; for which the sovereign, on the 11th consequences of his habit of drinking spirits, he would cer

And how many people are of January, 1344, made them a grant of a hogshead of still living, who, with the brandy-glass in their hand, smile red wine, to be delivered in London by the king's gentle, carelessly at the slowly-approaching ruin of their body, of men of the wine-cellar, every year at Easter. A second their mind, and of their whole family. chantry was founded here in 1407, by Joan de Bohun, I consulted my wife, and we determined to take care of countess of Hereford, and others, who bestowed some Justine, whatever might happen. We could easily perceive valuable estates upon the monks for its support. On the that her heart was still attached to the playmate of her surrender of the abbey, 5th of February, 1538, its youth, although without hope. But the question was whe

ther Fridolin Walter was still thinking of the poor deserted annual revenues were, according to Speed, valued at 2981. 8s. In the same year Henry the Eighth granted he still lived in his native home, or liad returned to England?

Justine, or whether he was already married, and whether the manor of Coggeshall and other estates to Sir Nay, we did not even know whether he was still alive. I Thomas Sermour, brother of Edward, duke of Somerset, repented having neglected my correspondence with him, and who in 1541 exchanged them with the king. Since I resolved to undertake a journey in order to see him, and that period this manor has been divided, and passed to ascertain his circumstances. Justine was not to be inthrough various fainilies. Only a small part of the formed of what I was about to do. I seated myself in my abbey is now remaining; near it is a bridge of three carriage, and left honie, and the next day reached the arches

, originally built by King Stephen, over a channel native village of Fridolin and Justine. that was cut to convey the water of the river nearer to working in the fields. I left the carriage at a little distance

It was a fine summer's evening, and the people were still the abbey

from the village, and walked thither on foot, in order to

satisfy my impatient curiosity by inquiry. I met a ragged ANECDOTE OF AN AMÈRICAN INDIAN.

peasant, who stood leaning on a dung fork, staring idly

about him. Upon my inquiring whether Dr. Walter still A few years ago, a Pawnee warrior, son of Old Knife," lived in the village, the pale-faced fellow looked at me stuknowing that his tribe, according to their custoin, were pidly for a while, repeated my question slowly, and added, going to torture a Panduca woman whom they had taken

* Yes, sir, the devil has not yet carried away the peoplein war, resolutely determined, at all hazards, to rescue her flayer." I was somewhat shocked at this answer, and confrom so cruel a fate. The poor creature, far from her fainily tinaed my questions; but I got nothing but still more and tribe, and surrounded only by the eager attitudes and

confused, and less agreeable news of the doctor.

I was anxious faces of her enemies, had been actually fastened to extreinely sorry for it. How could Fridolin possibly have the stake, her funeral pile wils about to be kindled, and changed in so few years ? and yet I had often seen similar every eye wis mercilessly directed upon her, when the young changes in mankind. Poor Justine ! thought I. I went chieftain, mounted on one horse, and according to the

on, and on the way joined an old woman, with a basket on habit of his country lerlin; another, w.is sean approaching her head. At the repetition of my question about Fridolin, the ceremony at full gallop. To the astonishment of every

she said, “You mean our mayor ? Certainly, he is at home.“ one, he rode straight up to the pile, extricated the victim

“ Is he your mayor? Is he liked by the people ?" from the stake, threw her on the loose horse, and then

“ To be sure,” replied the old woman," he is a very vaulting on the back of the other, he carried her off in worthy and a wise man, and has done a great deal of good triuinph!

to our village." Sh. is you! we are goue,rer bank, bush, and scanr:

This encouraged me again. I learned now from my talkThey'll hav: fldet ste ds that follow,' quoth Fount Lochinrar.

ative companion that Dr. Walter lived in the house of his The deed, however, was so sudden and unexpected, and mother, that he was unmarried, that he possessed a large being mysterious, it was at the moment so generally con- fortune, that he assisted many poor families, that he was : sidered as nothing less than the act of the Great Spirit, that true friend to the widow and the orphan, and that he there no efforts were inade to resist it, and the captive, after three fore enjoyed the universal esteem of the neighbourhood days' travelling, was thus safely transported to her nation, and had been chosen member of the Great Council of the and to her friends. On the return of her liberator to his Canton; but that he refused the office, because he would no own people, no censure was passed upon his extraordinary be separated from his patients. At the entrance of the village conduet-it was allowed to pass unnoticed.

she showed me one of the most beautiful houses on the On the publication of this glorious love-story at Wash- right hand side of the road, in the midst of a garden, and ington, the boarding-school girls of Miss White's seminary said it was the mayor's house. I entered without ceremony were so sensibly touched by it, that they very prettily sub- An old lady, distinguished by manners full of dignity scribed to purchase a silver medal, hearing a suitable inscripc received me in the hall: she was Fridolin's mother. Sh tion, which they presented to the young Red-skin as a token conducted me to her son, who was sitting at his writing of the admiration of White-skins at the chivalrous act he had desk, but came towards me, and soon recognised me. H performed, in having rescued one of their sex from so received me cordially. I allowed him to suppose that unnatural a fate. Their address closed as follows:

had availed myself of a journey on business to renew ou “ Brother! accept this token of our esteem; always wear old acquaintance; and both he and his mother insiste it for our sakes : and when again you have the power to upon my spending a few days with them. My luggag save a poor woman from death, think of this, and of us, and was then fetched from the inn. fly to her relief.”

Fridolin was still the same hale, vigorous man ; DE The young Pawnee had been unconscious of his merit, melancholy was not yet quite banished from his feature but he was not ungrateful. “ Brothers and sisters!” he “I divert myself as well as I can,” said he, “and I har exclaimed, extending towards them the medal which had opportunity enough to do so, for I have plenty of oceup been hanging on his naked breast, " this will give me ease

tion.” more than I ever had, and I will listen more than I ever did “And Justine ?” asked I. to white men.

He shrugged his shoulders; but said quietly, in a “I am glad that my brothers and sisters have heard of almost indifferent tone, “I know not where she may b the good act I have done. My brothers and sisters think She took too much to heart the death of her father, wh that I did it in ignorance; but I now know what I have after having deceived widoirs and orphans, as well as h done.

best friends, committed suicide. Not half his debts cou “I did it in ignorance, and did not know that I did good; be paid out of the money he left behind him, so the hou but hy giving me this medal I KNOW IT!” —Quarterly and ground were sold; but the accursed house was Review.

afterwards destroyed by fire. All my inquiries, all

In my

advertisements in the newspapers, were in vain. I heard, who became really more moderate; and the example of our but too late, uncertain news that a young lady was village soon produced a benefical influence upon some seen, about the time of Justine's departure, travelling other villages of the neighbourhood. We formed a Tempertowards the Like of Constance; but there every further ance Society, from which_" race was lost. I would certainly have assisted the poor “Stop!” cried I, interrupting him, " is this Society still girl in her despair."

in existence? This is most important for me to know, is it * Often there happens what we do not dare to hope for!" still in existence, or” said I. "Perhaps a lucky chance may discover to us the “Certainly, it is still in existence," answered the doctor, place of her retreat. In the mean time, dear doctor, I am “ and has been fornearly two years. We have only about delighted to find you in better spirits than you were at our nine hundred inhabitants in this village, and eight hundred first meeting. You must own that time is a good doctor. and sixty of them belong already to our Society." Yoar inother, too, appears consoled, and even more cheerful “ How is that?” asked I, laughing, “do your girls and than yourself."

women, and even your children, belong to your Temperance " Yes," said Fridolin, “but on my arrival, I found her Society, that you count nearly the whole population ?" ka

dangerously ill in bed, and had every reason to fear I The doctor looked at me with amazement, and said, should lose her too. The sudden death of my father-he Certainly: how is it possible to form such a Society, was found one morning dead in his bed, having been struck how could it have a salutary influence,—without the women by apoplexy, and the discovery that he had been carried away and children? The influence of the female sex upon men, so early from life by his own fault, he was only fifty years in promoting a n.oderate, sober life, especially upon young of are-all this had brought my mother to the brink of the people and children, is very great. It is they who suffer grave."

most by the drunkenness of men. They can save from ruin, I looked somewhat astonished at the doctor : “ Apoplexy, if not always the grown-up persons, at least the rising and his own fault, you say? Dare I ask you what you generation." man by that?"

I confess this appeared to me very strange, and I said, Fridolin answered, “Unfortunately he shared the com- “How have you arranged this? Relate it to me. mon vice of our days. Do you remember our conversation native town we have tried to establish such Temperance daring our journey ?"

Societies, for brandy-drinking had also increased there; but "I have not yet forgotten it,” answered I, “for since we met with such great obstacles to it that we were obliged then I have become a very moderate wine-vrinker, but a to give up the plan." Fery strong water-drinker, and I have taken leave of all Fridolin was just going to answer me, when his mother spirits. Therefore, thanks to you, I am now well, and will entered, and invited us to supper, which, in the beautiful endeavour to remain so."

evening, was to be taken in the summer-house. We obeyed. "Oh, if my good father had done like you, he would The doctor said to me on the way, “To-morrow we shall find still be living !” said Fridolin, with sad earnestness. And an Jour in which we can be alone together: then I will then he related to me the particulars of his father's fate. satisfy your curiosity. You have probably begun upon

wrong principles the establishment of a Temperance Society, Another Narration.

as has happened in other places.”

Indeed, during the whole evening, we could not find a Pridolis's father, as the doctor said, had always been a single moment to continue our conversation. Mrs. Walter respectable, honest man: he had always liked, it is true, à directed it to a hundred different subjects, and complamed glass of good wine in good company; but not beyond jokingly " that her son had left her in the beginning of her meanre. He was never seen drunk, but sometimes what old age, without the friendly assistance of a young induswe call “ wine warm.” He seldom took brandy or other trious daughter-in-law; and that he preferred, as it appeared, strong liquors.

to remain a bachelor." The honest man would perhaps have continued this This was of course a chapter full of matter to talk about. manner of life a long time, though not with the best I began by and bye to speak of the lovely Justine; but the avantage to his health. A moderate use of wine at dinner icy tone in whichi Fridolin spoke of his former beloved one, Refreshes and strengthens, if it is not used like water for and asked directly about other things, and the sudden quenching the thirst. But Fridolin's father shared the silence of Mrs. Walter, whose features appeared to show to fate of many other people; they drink, and do not know me that I had touched upon a not very pleasant subject, when they have too much, and forget themselves.

He was

hindered me from proceeding. I was silent and somewhat fery day flushed with wine, so that, after a few years, his confounded. I saw that great changes had occurred, and health was much affected. He became indisposed to work, that the aim of my journey was not welcome. So I his face became pale, his features heavy; he lost his former desisted and deferred until the morrow speaking about her pod humour, and complained of restless nights: he at- to Fridolin, Oh, poor Justine! trilated this to his becoming older. Mrs. Walter thought it was the consequence of his labours, and the vexations

However the world may affect to despise the genuine wited with them. She herself offered him sometimes an

Christian, it is beyond their power; they feel too sensibly extra glass of wine, in order to refresh him. This was

the necessity of attaining that very state of feeling and dispoisa to him. He became more accustomed to it. He position which is displayed in such a character, to entertain was in good humour as long as his blood and his nerves

in their heart any mean or degrading opinion of the character were excited by the wine; but afterwards he always sunk back into his former state of uneasiness.

which they apparently undervalue. Every thought which

it wrung from their conscience by its unwelcome intrusion "My inother became at last very nervous,” said Fridolin, upon their contemplation, rises in judgment against their " as she feared he was ill, and caused the physician to be indifference--God has not permitted them to despise & leched. My father laughed. He was certainly not ill, if true Christian; they may pass him by with a haughty and We take the word ill in its common meaning; but death supercilious coldness: they may deride him with a taunting was already stealing upon him. The physician prescribed and sarcastic irony; but the spirit of the proudest man that to him to drink water. My mother watched anxiously the

ever lived will bend before the grandeur of a Christian's progress of the case. My father renounced wine, even humility You are at once awed, and you recoil upon your in the evening parties, to please her; yet his health did not

own conscience when you meet with one whose feelings iupnre . He became rather more morose, more sleepy,

are purified by the Gospel. The light of a Christian's soul, and complained of headache, and heaviness in his limbs; he when it shines into the dark den of a worldly heart, startles Worked not withstanding, and frequently took bodily and alarms the gloomy passions that are brooding within. his death, many empty brandy bottles were found in his cited by the Christian graces can be resolved into envy, bafe. He had drunk secretly, probably to procure for the feelings of devils when they think on the pure happihimelf sleep at night. His death, however, proved to be ness of angels-and, to complete their confusion, what is at the greatest blessing to this place, and some neighbouring that moment the feeling in the Christian's heart? Pity

most unfeigned pity !-Wolfe's Remains. * What!” cried I, astonished; “ a blessing ? how is this

Fridolin answered : " The suicide of old Thaly, and the Directly a man determines to think he is well nigh sure of del of my good father

, which succeeded that event, being bettering his condition. th: efect of drinking, were a great warning for the people

,

622-2

posible? you excite my curiosity:

manner.

INDOOR GREENHOUSES.

contraction of the air within, on which so much of the success of the experiment appeared to depend.

The result of other experiments made by Mr. Yates, one of the “Committee appointed for making experiments on the growth of plants under glass, and without free communication with the outward air," is also very interesting. In 1837 he thus writes :

Nearly a year ago I planted Lycopodium dentatum in a chemical preparation-glass, with a ground stopper. During that time the bottle has never been opened. The Lycopodium continues perfectly healthy, and has grown very much, although for want of space the form of the plant is distorted. Seeds, which happened to be in the soil, have germinated, and Marchantia has grown of itself within the glass. I also obtained a hollow glass globe, of eighteen inches' diameter, and with an aperture sufficient to admit my hand for planting the specimens. A variety of ferns and lycopodiums were then set in the soil, which was properly moistened with water. This having been done, the aperture was covered with sheet India-rubber, which was every day forced, either outwards, as the air within the glass was heated and expanded, or inwards in the reverse circumstances. These ferns grew probably as well as they would have done in a greenhouse or hothouse. They were all foreign, and some of them requiring a great heat.

Several have ripened seed. It will probably be a new and interesting fact to many Mr. Yates also mentions the erection of a greenhouse of our readers when we tell them that it is quite possible in the yard of the Mechanics' Institute, Mount-street, to enjoy the luxury of growing plants, in the most con- Liverpool, for the purpose of affording a specimen on an fined and apparently unfavourable situations, if we inclose enlarged scale, to be exhibited at the meeting of the them in glass cases or wide-mouthed bottles, and care- British Association in that city. It was stocked with fully exclude the atmospheric air.

foreign plants of all kinds, and was not provided with This fact was accidentally discovered in the following any means for the application of artificial heat. The

Mr. Ward, who made a report on the subject plants flourished perfectly well, many of them flowered, to the British Association, in 1837, had often attempted and some ripened seed. to grow plants, especially mosses and ferns, in and about Another series of experiments was undertaken by his own dwelling, but being in the neighbourhood of Dr. Daubeny. During the month of April, 1837, he manufactories, and enveloped in smoke, he found all his introduced a considerable number of living plants into efforts unavailing, owing to the necessity which he sup- glass globes, having, only a single aperture through posed to exist for exposing his plants more or less freely which the air could circulate, and that one covered over to the air. But happening on one occasion to place the by a sound piece of bladder, closely attached to the edges chrysalis of a sphynx, buried in loose mould, in a wide- of the glass, so as to preclude the possibility of any air mouthed bottle securely closed, that he might observe its entering the vessel, except through the membrane itself. change into the winged state, he was surprised, about a The plants, which consisted of anemonies, primroses, week before the insect assumed the perfect form, to find a lobelias, speedwell, &c., were allowed to remain undisseedling grass and fern springing out of the mould. He turbed for ten days, at the end of which time they found that they required no water, for the condensation appeared healthy, and had grown considerably: some of water on the internal surface of the glass kept the mould even had flowered since their introduction. The air always equally moist; and he was willing to try how contained in the jars was then examined during the day, far the change of air within the vessel, which must and found to contain in the first jar 4 per cent. of paturally result from every change of temperature, might oxygen more than the proportion present in atinobe sufficient for the purposes of vegetable life. He spheric air; in the second jar i} per cent. more; in placed the bottle outside his window, and had the plea- the third jar 2 per cent. more. The amount of

oxysure of finding that the plants grew well. The success gen was found to be on the decrease in successive exami. of this trial led to a series of experiments upon plants nations, and at length, on June 20th, of the same year, of all structures, and belonging to a great variety of No. I was found to contain 2 per cent. less of oxygen natural families, in which Mr. Ward was greatly assisted than that in atmospheric air; No. 2, 3} less; No. 3, by the kindness of Messrs. Loddiges.

4 per cent. less. Even then there was sufficient aerial These experiments were conducted upon a large scale. circulation to sustain the vitality of the plants, though The glass cases in which the plants were inclosed were they were less vigorous and healthy. of all sizes and shapes, from small wide-mouthed bottles, Mr. Ward considers the change of air produced by to a range of houses, about twenty-five feet in length, alternate expansion and contraction, which is regulated and ten in height. The houses were filled with rock- by heat, as being exactly proportioned to the increased work, for the purpose of accommodating plants which wants of plants grown in this manner, arising from their grow best in such situations. Some of these cases were greater excitement. Vascular require a greater change quite closed at the bottom, and when once watered of air than cellular plants, and this is effected by surrequired no further watering for a long period : others rounding them with a larger volume. had several openings, and the plants were watered once importance that light be freely admitted to all parts of in three or four weeks or months, as they seemed to the growing plant, for it is thus assisted in developing require. The latter was found the most advantageous its flowers, and enduring cold. method. The glazed roof and sides of these cases were

The air in these cases is in a perfectly quiet condition, made as tight as putty and paint could effect, and the and therefore the plants will bear variations of temperadoors were made to fit closely, but in no instance were ture, which in ordinary circumstances would prove fatal any of the cases sealed hermetically, from the almost to them. Australian and Cape plants are found to bear impossible nature of the task in these instances, and the cold of our climate in this

way

without injury, and from a conviction on the part of Mr. Ward that if it some of the inhabitants of cold regions may, in the same were done it would prevent that alternate expansion and manner, be reared in our sunny apartments, being sur

[graphic]

2

It is of great

rounded with a protecting atmosphere of their own creation. Mr. Ward gives a striking illustration of this

HAS THE MOON ANY INFLUENCE ON ability in inclosed plants to bear changes of temperature.

PLANTS AND ANIMALS ? A case of plants, brought by Captain Mallard, from An inquiry whether the moon exerts any influence on New Holland, was prepared in the month of February, organized beings is not less interesting than a similar at which time the thermometer stood 91° in the shade. investigation of her influence on the weather. Gardeners In rounding Cape Horn, two months subsequently, the and agriculturists have a strong faith in the existence of thermometer fell to 20°: a month after this, in the har- such influence, and it is right that the tenability of the bour at Rio, it rose again to 100°: in crossing the line, opinion should be gradually tested. the thermometer attained 120°, and fell to 40° on their The gardeners in the neighbourhood of Paris apply arrival in the British Channel in November, eight the name of the “frosty moon to the lunation, which, months after they were inclosed. These plants were commencing in April, becomes full in the early part of taken out in the most healthy condition.

May. They assert that the light of this moon exerts an By means of the glass case we are able to surround unfavourable influence on the young shoots of plants; our plants with an atmosphere of any required humidity, that, during a clear night, the leaves and buds exposed and thus we may now, in the heart of cities, have our to this “frosty moon" become, in some measure, blighted drawing-room tables adorned with growing specimens of by frost, although the temperature of the air may be choice and beautiful flowers, or if we prefer it, with the many degrees above the freezing-point; and that if the lovely, though humble, denizens of our woods and forests. night be cloudy, so that the moon's rays cannot reach

the plants, the bad effect does not take place, although ON THE PERCEPTION OF PAIN.

the temperature may be the same as before. Many of UNHEALTHY people depend far too much on the druggistsshop. the scientific men of Paris have laughed at these notions, This perhaps would not be, if it were recollected, as it ought but Arago shows that they may not be altogether unreato be, that the pain and disagreeableness of ill-health result sonable. Dr. Wells, some years ago, demonstrated that, from our perception of these things, and not from the through the radiation of heat, a plant may be during things themselves. Those who go into battles know that in the night many degrees colder than the surrounding air: the heat of conflict men receive the most serious and pain if the sky be clear, this difference may amount to 10° fal Founds, which they do not so much as find out until the hurry and excitement of the fight are over. Now, one

or 12° Fahrenheit, but if cloudy, the difference becomes half of the ill-health which annoys people in the atmo

little or nothing. Now it is known that in the month of sphere of London, and with London habits, is just of that April and the beginning of May, the temperature at night kind from the perception of which they might escape. I is frequently only 6° or 8° above the freezing-point, and am do doctor in the pulse-feeling and tongue-inspecting the plants may thus become frosty on the principle which signification of the word; but I have reason to believe that produces dew and hoar-frost in other cases. Arago the most intelligent among my very esteemed friends who says that, by viewing the matter in this light we may practise the healing art are very well aware of the great agree with the Paris gardeners as to the fact, though from his or her malady, be it real or only imagined. "Medi- | the moon's action has nothing to do with it. cal folks who understand mankind morally as well as physi

“ Trees ought to be cut down during the wane of the cally, are, I believe, far less solicitous than some people think, moon, if we wish the wood to be of good quality and to make out positively and certainly whether such or such durable.” This is a favourite maxim of foresters, and a disease does really exist, or only the imagination of it. was formerly so strongly believed in France, that a law In the first place, (I speak, however, with the utmost was passed to ensure attention to it in the royal forests. deference to more erudite judgment,) it is in very many of The same opinion prevails in many other countries. the cases which come before medical men absolutely im- Sauer, a German agriculturist, after expressing his belief possible to tell what is really the matter physically. Some diseases there are of which the symptoms are quite decisive, in the fact, explains it by saying that the sap rises in a and not to be mistaken; but of by far the greater number plant more abundantly during the first than the second of cases of ill-health, the physical cause must remain in half of a lunation, and that consequently, if the tree be considerable doubt. The chief good which we then derive cut before full moon, the wood will be spongy, easily from the doctor, is a moral good: we submit ourselves to assailable by worms, slow in drying, and not durable. authority and to discipline; we feel that we are taking Arago remarks that, if true, nothing in science would rational steps towards ridding us of the evil which op be more remarkable than the increase of sap at a partipresses us; and we are, for the most part, inspired with hope, not to say confidence, by the sensible and encouraging Sauer

made any experiments to support his assertion,

cular part of the moon's age. It does not appear that words which the physician speaks.

But there are thousands upon thousands who do not and he meets with but little support from other quarters, think themselves quite ill enough to call in the doctor, and for M. Duhamel de Monceau cut down a great many Fet go on from week to week, from month to month, and trees of the same age, situated in the same field, and from year to year, continually ailing, and continually under precisely similar circumstances: on comparing sending to the elegant shop with plate-glass windows filled the wood of these trees, he could not perceive that the with glass jars of various coloured physic, (especially crim- trees cut down during the wane yielded wood differing 200,) as if sick people were as silly as mackerel

, and very in any respect whatever from those cut during the moon's liable to be taken with the same colour of bait. Now it is

increase. for these people that I would presume to prescribe. What they want is not so much physic as diversion. How many

Some gardeners maintain that if you wish to have are there who, while they are at home, moping about with cabbages and lettuces which will shoot; if you want dall companions, or no companions at all, feel pains in the double flowers, or trees which shall give early fruit, shoulders and in the back and in the chest-have dizziness you must sow, plant, and cut during the increase of in the head-black things floating before the eyes-sudden the moon. The only attempt at explanation which we startings and twinges, and so on; how many are there tor- have ever seen, in support of this_fanciful opinion, is friend appears, capable of rousing the attention and setting the that of Montanari

, who says :—During the day the sirits in a glow, actually forget their complaints, and feel

solar heat augments the quantity of sap which circulates that for that evening or morning, as the case may be, they in plants, by increasing the diameter of the tubes through are uncommonly well? Now these persons, instead of which it flows. The cold of night produces an opposite taking " black draught," as they very commonly do, (for effect. Now at the time of sun-set the moon, if not yet the pretty colours in the druggist's front-window are by no full, is above the horizon, and therefore lessens the coolmeans common to his nauseous stock,) should take some ing effect resulting from the disappearance of the sun. far less melancholy medicine. It should not be material During the wane, on the contrary, the moon often does physic, but a wholesome, cheerful philosophy.-The Table

not rise till some hours after sun-set, that is, till the cool

Tolker,

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