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naarly at the same time, that the mind is conscious of them of the malleus is, first, to modify by means of its muscles the at the same precise moment; we think that the two notes are tension of the membrane, in order to protect the organ from heard in succession, however rapid and however minute the too intense impressions, and to dispose it to the reception or point of time between them, still in succession. When we such as are very weak. Secondly, the malleus reciprocates hear an orchestra play a piece of music, we are conscious of a the motions of the membrane, and communicates them general effect resulting from a general impulse given to the along the chain of bones to the membranes of the fenestra ear, but we are not conscious of one particular performer ovalis. Now it is probable that were it not for the memunless we direct our particular attention to him, and in so brane of the tympanum, the membranes which close the doing we abstract our attention from the rest; and although entrances of the labyrinth being constantly exposed to the we get a vague impression of what the rest are doing, it is external atmospheric air, their elastic state would be cononly by alternately attending to the one favourite performer | tinually influenced by changes in temperature and other and to his associates. Again, when a chord is struck upon

It is therefore imagined, that the use of the memany instrument or instruments we are not conscious at the brana tympani is to prevent the contact of the external moment of the individual notes which compose that chord; air, and that the cavity of the tympanum is to preserve a the general effeet is harmonious and pleasing, resulting from volume of air at the constant temperature of the body; for an harmonious impulse given to the air, and it is by an after coming as it does along the Eustachian tube it is warmed in process of mental analysis that we decompose the chord into its progress, and an atmosphere is established before the its component parts. So rapidly does the mind receive labyrinth, whose properties are invariable; a portion of the general impressions, and resolve them into particular ones, great temporal artery is separated from the cavity of the that we are apt to blend the first impression and the after tympanum only by a very thin bony partition, and this it decomposing process into one; as when we hear an echo, if is supposed is of some importance in the process of aųtoo near the reflecting surface, the real and the reflected dition. sound become incorporated into one ; we hear the echo, but The following experiment, due also to Savart, shews, are not conscious of it.

that the outer ear and its meatus auditorius serve to render When viewing a sheet of white paper, my mind informs the aërial vibrations more intense, to reciprocate the vibraine that the eye receives at least three impressions, one tions of the air, and to transmit them to the membrane or of red, one of yellow, and a third of blue, that each is the tympanum with the same or nearly the same degree of the result of a rapidity of vibration different from that of force, whatever be their direction. A conical tube made of the other two, which in their turn differ from each other; thin card-board, and of large diameter at the base, received this is evidently a mental process, an exercise of reason over at its smaller truncated end a membrane which was firmly perception, for my eye tells me it is white. Again, when fixed : on bringing a vibrating plate parallel to the upper the eye is pleased with a skilful combination of colours, external surface of this membrane, which was covered with the pleasure is afforded by the tendency those colours have sand, the grains of sand were only slightly agitated: but on to combine in order to form white light; other colours holding the plate near the large orifice of the tube they which interfere with this tendency stand out and offend vibrated strongly. Another conical tube was opposed by the eye in the same way that discordant notes stand out and its summit to the preceding one, but without touching the assume that isolated character which offends the ear. membrane; the vibrating plate was afterwards held at the

But however we regard the membrana tympani, if it orifice of each of the tubes, when it was observed that the te considered as a stretched elastic membrane considerable motions communicated to the membrane were far more perplexity will attend our efforts to explain its facility of energetic when the gërial undulations arrived through the Fielding to vibrations of varying velocities: it is only within tube which was in immediate contact with the membrane, a few years that experiment has thrown anything like a than when they arrived through the other, with which it clear liglit on the subject. This has been done by the was not in contact, researches of M. Savart, the most successful cultivato Flourens performed some most extraordinary experithe science of sound of the present age. The labours also ments on the ears of birds, by which it appears that of M. Flourens and of M. Magendie have not a little con- the nerves in the canals of the labyrinth have other tributed to our knowledge of the functions of the various uses in addition to their more direct object of conveying parts of the ear.

the sensation of sound to the brain: they serve in some M, Savart submitted the ears of animals to experi- mysterious manner to give the animals the power of ment. Having removed the temporal bone, he made with balancing themselves upon their feet, and directing their a saw a section parallel to the external surface of the mem- motions. This provision seems to be especially necessary to brane, so as to lay it open, and to be enabled to cover it animals which roost and sleep upon their perches: any with sand; when & vibrating plate was brought parallel noise falling upon their ear and tending to awaken them with the membrane, and very near its surface, a slight suddenly, would probably also cause them to drop from off motion was observed in the sand; but, from the limited their perches; it is said then that any motion of their tymextent of surface, and particularly from its form, no nodal panum serves to contract their claws, and so when suddenly lines could be observed. This experiment was with the

roused they have a firm hold on the perch upon which they hunan tympanum; but when that of a calf's ear was

rest. aubstituted, the motions of the sand were very distinct.

SECTION 4. He observed that when the malleus acted and its tensor muscle tightened the membrane, it was more difficult to

The powers of the human ear to discriminate sounds vary produce motions in the grains of sand; hence the use of this in common with other functions of the body, with the states

with different individuals. The functions of the ear vary, muscle appeared evident. The malleus also has an important of health, as also with age. It would also seem to vary at influence on the motions of the membrana tympani. If a mall wooden rod reduced at its edges, be fixed on a stretched

different times of the day, since it has been observed by membrane, extending from the centre to the circumference Savart, that small steel rods producing upwards of 24,000 or even beyond, and the surface of the membrane be covered

vibrations per second, yielded a sound which he could some

times hear and sometimes could not hear; he supposes with sand, the figures produced upon its surface will be

either that his ear was more sensible at one time than at modified by the presence of the little rod, which will be made to vibrate so strongly, that very distinct nodal lines another; or that his mode of inducing vibration was not will be produced in it.

always precisely the same, It appears then, that the membrane of the tympanum

Dr. Wollaston made the curious discovery that many may be considered as destitute of all elasticity, and so fitted persons having a distinct and perfect perception of all comto receive impressions of varying velocity* : that the office such as are at one or other extremity of the scale of musical

mon sounds, are at the same time completely insensible to There are a few peculiarities connected with the vibration of a stretched notes, the hearing or not hearing of which seems to depend wabrane which may be noticed here, in order to render the experiments wholly on the pitch, or frequency of vibration constituting detailed in the text intelligible. One of the best modes of obtaining a stretched membrane iş by wetting very thin paper, stretching it over a

the note, and not upon the intensity or loudness of the goblet glass, such as a soda water glass, folding it down, and securing the

noise. selges with a solution of gum. This when perfectly dry will present a deuse surface, inclosing a volume of air, and susceptible of small vibrating an imperfect perception of all sounds, the degree of indis

Although persons labouring under common deafness have pabes, which may be detected by sifting upon the surface a thin layer od dry lycopodium. If now we hold over and parallel to this membrane a the paper the moisture varies its tension, and the consequent figure is also nibrating plate of glass the figure which the powder would have assumed varied, which gradually reassumes its first form as the moisture ovaporaies, had it been upon the glass, will be assumed by the powder on the mem- provided the plate near it be kept vibrating. The tones of a musical brer. In this way a large variety of figures may be obtained by em- instrument held near the membrane will arrange the powder into figures, paying various plates, ribrating in different ways. By breathing upon whicb change as often as the tones which produce them are varied.

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tinctness of different sounds is commonly not the same; for which renders an experiment on this subject with a series it will be found that they usually hear sharp sounds much of small pipes among several persons rather amusing. It is better than low ones; they distinguish the voices of women curious to observe the change of feeling manifested by variand children better than the deeper tones of men; and ous individuals of the party, in succession, as the sounds the generality of persons accustomed to speak to those who approach and pass the limits of their hearing. Those who are deaf employ a shriller tone of voice, by which they enjoy a temporary triumph, are often compelled, in their are heard better than by merely speaking louder.

turn, to acknowledge to how short a distance their little In persons not so afflicted, when the mouth and nose are superiority extends. shut, the tympanum may be so exhausted by a forcible Though it has not yet occurred to me to observe a limit attempt to take breath by expansion of the chest, that the to the hearing of sharp sound in any persons under twenty pressure of the external air is strongly felt upon the mem- years of age, I am persuaded, by the account that I have rebrana tympani, and that in this state of tension, from ceived from others, that the youngest ears are liable to the external pressure, the ear becomes insensible to grave tones, same kind of insensibility. I have conversed with more without losing in any degree the perception of sharper than one person who never heard the cricket or the bat, and sounds.

it appears far more likely that such sounds were always The state to which the ear is thus reduced by exhaustion beyond their powers of perception, than that they never had may even be preserved for a certain time without the con- been uttered in their presence. tinued effort of inspiration, and without even stopping the “The range of human hearing comprised between the breath, since, by sudden cessation of the effort, the internal lowest notes of the organ and the highest known cry of passage to the ear becomes closed by the flexibility of the insects, includes more than nine octaves, the whole of which Eustachian tube, which acts as a valve, and prevents the are distinctly perceptible by most ears, although the vibrareturn of air into the tympanum. This state may be re- tions of a note at the higher extreme are six or seven hunmoved by the simple act of swallowing, which opens the dredfold more frequent than those which constitute the tube and restores equilibrium by letting in the air.

greatest audible sound. Dr. Wollaston found that he could thus render his own “ Since there is nothing in the constitution of the atmoears insensible to all sounds below F marked by the bass cleff. sphere to prevent the existence of vibrations incomparably He compares the effect to the mechanical separation of larger more frequent than any of which we are conscious, we may and smaller bodies by a sieve. “ If,” says he, “ I strike imagine that animals like the grylli, whose powers appear i the table before me with the end of my finger, the whole to commence nearly where ours' terminate, may have the board sounds with a deep dull note. If I strike it with my faculty of hearing still sharper sounds, which at present we nail, there is also at the same time a sharp sound pro- do not know to exist, and that there may be other insects duced by quicker vibrations of parts around the point of hearing nothing in common with us, but endued with a contact. When the car is exhausted, it hears only the power of exciting, and a sense that perceives vibrations, of latter sound, without perceiving in any degree the deeper the same nature, indeed, as those which constitute our ordinote of the whole table. In the same manner in listening nary sounds, but so remote, that the animals who perceive to the sound of a carriage, the deeper rumbling noise of the them may be said to possess another sense, agreeing with body is no longer heard by an exhausted ear, but the rattle our own solely in the medium by which it is excited, of a chain or loose screw remains at least as audible as before

and possibly wholly unaffected by those slower vibrations exhaustion."

of which we are sensible.” The effect at a concert is amusing when the great mass It has been remarked that the ear is capable of perceiving of louder sounds is suppressed, and the shriller ones more four or five hundred variations of tone, and probably as distinctly heard even to the rattling of the keys of a bad many different degrees of intensity; by combining these, instrument, or scraping of catgut unskilfully touched. we have above 20,000 simple sounds that differ either in

In the natural healthy state of the human ear there tone or strength, supposing every tone to be perfect. How does not seem to be any strict limit to our power of discern- wonderful then is that mechanism which enables the mind ing low sounds. In listening to those pulsatory vibrations to discriminate so nicely, and to be able to decide by its aid of the air of which sound consists, if they become less and alone the infinity of sources which produce sound. The less frequent, we may doubt at what point tones suited to tones of musical instruments are as peculiar as the voices of produce any musical effect terminate. - Yet all persons but animals. Natural sounds are well known from artificial, and those whose organs are palpably defective continue sensible we often need not the assistance of another sense to decide of vibratory motion, until it becomes a mere tremor, which upon one individual out of a thousand varieties of sounds may be felt, and even almost counted.

around us. We are even capable of appreciating the minute On the contrary, if we turn our attention to the opposite shade of difference between two notes, one due to a velocity extremity of the scale of audible sounds, and with a series of 400 and the other of 405 vibrations in a second, a rapidity of pipes exceeding each other in sharpness, if we examine of motion and a minuteness of difference which we might the effects of them successively upon the ears of any con- almost be pardoned for thinking Beyond the range of mental siderable number of persons, we shall find (even within the perception. range of those tones which are produced for their musical effects,) a very distinct and striking difference between the

In concluding this short account of the ear and of some of powers of different individuals, whose organs of hearing are

its functions, we may remark that there is none other of in other respects perfect, and shall have reason to infer that

the perceptive faculties, which, considered with reference to human hearing in general is more confined than has been the organic means which connect them with external supposed, with regard to its perception of very acute sounds, nature, more amply repays a philosophical inquiry into its and has, probably, in every instance, some definite limit, at modes of operation. The mind turns from the contemplano great distance beyond the sounds ordinarily heard. tion of the exquisite and delicate mechanism of this organ,

Dr. Wollaston gives the case of a gentleman whose with admiration; not with the admiration of knowledge, power of hearing sharp sounds terminated at a note four

but rather with that which the aspect of a sublime and octaves above the middle E of the pianoforte; also two difficult problem induces on the mind of the accomplished other cases of persons incapable of distinguishing the chirp- student of nature: he may be unable to afford a full solution ing of the grasshopper (Gryllus campestris) in the hedges of it, he looks therefore to advancing science for more perduring a summer's evening; also that of a gentleman who fect and more powerful means for effecting the solution, could never hear the chirping of a common house-sparrow. and although such means may be in “the dim and misty “ This latter," he says, is the lowest limit to acute future,” he is content to apply the amount of his present hearing that I have ever met with, and I believe it to knowledge to explain, as far it goes, the works of God, so be extremely rare, Deafness, even to the chirping of the house-cricket, which is several notes higher, is not common.

as to prepare himself and his fellow-creatures the better to

appreciate the infinite wisdom and goodness of Our Father Inability to hear the piercing squeak of the bat seems not in Heaven. very rare, as I have met with several instances of persons not aware of such a sound.” Dr. Wollaston is inclined to think th at the limit of

LONDON: hearing, the interval of a single note between two sounds JOHN WILLIAM PARKER, WEST STRAND. may be sufficient to render the higher note inaudible, PUBLISHED IN WEEKLY NUMBERS, PRICE ONE PENNY, AND IN MONTHLY although the lower note is heard distinctly.

PARTS, PRICE SIXPENCE. “ The suddenness of the transition from perfect hearing to total want of perception occasions a degree of surprise,

Sold by all Booksellers and Newsyenders in the Kingdom.

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2

SIR DAVID WILKIE AND HIS WORKS. kind, it tells like two or three different pictures, instead

of like one consistent and necessarily connected whole. III.

The immense size of the buildings as compared with In November, 1809, Wilkie became an Associate of the that of the figures, increases this defect. The work, howRoyal Academy. In the exhibition of the following certainly more of the latter than of the former.

ever, displays infinite talent, both of mind and of hand; but May he had no picture: he was probably anxious to show that the honours conferred upon him, as well as the new In 1813 Wilkie exhibited “Blindman's Buff," now in dignity that awaited him, deserved the exertion of his the Royal collection; in 1814, “ The Letter of Introbest powers, the results of which could only be produced duction,” for which he received 200 guineas from Mr. by time and careful study. In February, 1811, he was Dobree, of Walthamstow; and “Duncan Gray," or made an Academician, and gave as his presentation “ The Refusal,” which some time ago at the price of 4501. picture, his “ Boys digging for rats." In this year, he passed into the collection of Mr. Sheepshanks. exhibited “a Gamekeeper" and "a Humorous scene. In 1815 he exhibited his “ Distress for Rent," noticed In 1812 he exhibited a sketch of his celebrated “ Blind in our former article. The next year he exhibited his man's Buff,” and “ The Village Festival. This picture “Rabbit on the Wall," and during several successive was sold to Mr. Angerstein, for nine hundred guineas; years he produced the following works, the titles and as it is now in the National Gallery accessible to of which will doubtless call up many pleasant recollecevery one of our readers in London, the following elabo- tions either of the pictures themselves, or of the capital rate critique may be acceptable.

engravings that have been made from them. “The This picture represents the circumstances likely to occur

Breakfast;” The Errand Boy;" The Abbotsford Family;" at the door of a village alehouse on a warm summer eve- now at Huntly Burn. “ The Penny Wedding;" a comning, when the labours of the day are done, and its fatigues mission from the Prince Regent. " The Reading of the have tempted some of the villagers to take something more Will;" a commission to the amount of 450 guineas from than their needful repose. It consists of three principal the King of Bavaria. “Guess my Name;" “ The Newsgroups and several subordinate ones, scattered about the

mongers ;" “Chelsea Pensioners reading the Gazette scene in a somewhat unskilful and unsatisfactory manner,

of the Battle of Waterloo;" painted for the Duke of as far as relates to mere composition, but full of the most rich and admirable detail. The centre group represents a

Wellington, for 12001., by far the largest sum the artist contest between two parties—a set of half-tipsy merry

had then received for one performance. “ The Parish makers, and a village housewife and her daughter—as to Beadle;" “ Smugglers offering run goods for sale or conwhich shall get posession of the person of an idle husband, cealment;" “ The Cottage Toilet; "A Scene from the whom the latter have come to fetch home. There is a

Gentle Shepherd;” and “ The Highland Family.". homely and pathetic truth in the expression of the wife,

During the years 1826, 1827, and 1828, Wilkie that is delightful. Anybody but Wilkie would have made her a shrew. The imploring expression of the daughter prised the world of art and the public generally, by an

visited Italy and the Peninsula, and on his return surnot being soen-is also admirable. These are richly but entire change of style and subject. Italy had long been perhaps somewhat too forcibly contrasted with the coarse the school for artists of all degrees of merit, Wilkie merriinent of the boozers who wish to retain their com- therefore turned to Spanish art and Spanish subjects, panion. The principal figure in this group - the husband, for the production of picturesque novelties, which he is the least expressive part of it. It seems a matter nearly hoped would attract and command attention. He of indifference to him whether the contest is decided for “go returned laden with sketches, and had completed several or stay." The colouring of this group is exquisite in every part: perhaps superior to any thing else from the hand of pictures, among which were "The Spanish Posada;" «The this artist. The left-hand group of the three is even more

Maid of Saragossa;" “The Guerilla's departure;" and rich in the expression appropriate to the subject, than the

“The Guerilla's return;" four pictures that His Majesty one just described. The face of the sot who is holding up King George the Fourth secured when the artist's foreign the bottle is absolutely perfect. It is unquestionably labours were unpacked. superior in its way to any one face that has proceeded from On the death of Sir Thomas Lawrence, in 1830, the peneil of any artist, living or dead, with the exception Wilkie was appointed to the office of principal painter in of two or three others by Wilkie himself

. That of the landloril also, who is pouring out the ale, and who seems to ordinary to his Majesty. He was then engaged with the contrive to keep himself just sober enough to make his portrait of King George the Fourth, in his Highland dress, guests tipsy, is no less true than rich. The black who

and his royal patron's reception at Holyrood. He now, forms the third of this group is not so good; he is not black to the regret of many lovers of art, took to portraiture, but red. It is rery rare to see this artist sacrifice truth to and his portraits show something of the style of his harmony of effect: he had better left the head out altogether, favourite Velasquez. But he did not neglect the higher than have done so in this instance. The third principal branch of his art, for in 1832 he exhibited * John Knox division of the composition, occupying the right corner, contains two or three exquisite morceaux both of colouring and preaching after his return from banishment ;" purchased expression. The girl holding the fat infant is an admirable by Sir Robert Peel, for 15001. In this pieture we see study, designed with infinite ease, and coloured with great

the well-known Reformer in the full fervour of discourse: sweetness. Iudeed, the colouring of many parts of this

below him on one side are a group of his disciples, picture, in breadth, sweetness and purity, is perhaps supe- watching and listening to him with the deepest attention, rior to any other from this painter, whose forte certainly while a higher class of his adherents occupy the front does not lie in that department of his art. And, in fact, it benches: these are all portraits. Particularly beautiful is only of individual parts that the above is true even with regard to this picture. As a whole it is scattered, confused

is the figure of a young female in full light, her whole and unsatisfactory in this respect. The only other portion female, purposely thrown into shadow, serves as a back

soul apparently absorbed by the discourse; while another figure and whole deportment of the nice old woman who is ground. Further behind, in half light and placed on just finding her idle drunken son half asleep behind the elevated seats, are seen the ranks of the Roman Catholic horse trough. The sight, painful as it evidently is to her, clergy, their bishop at their head, who evidently can is scarcely capable of moving her from that staid gravity hardly restrain the expression of his anger. In the which becomes her age and character, for she is evidently galleries still deeper in the back-ground are the members one of the matronly oracles of the village, and perhaps of the government; beneath them, the common people. the schoolmistress. The secondary groups in this picture in the treatment of the different characters, and in the do not demand any detailed description.

The fault of this work (and it is a great one) is a want of arrangement of the whole, such a nice distinction beunity and compression in the composition, and conse

tween the various parties of that period is preserved, that quently a want of general coinpactness and singleness the composition justly assumes the rank of an historical of effect. Unlike one of Teniers' great works of this picture. The peculiarities also of the Scottish kirk are

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in many respects rendered with the greatest fidelity, and the two medical gentlemen made every exertion and introduced with manifest advantage to the picture; and applied all the usual remedies within their reach, withfor instance, a sitting group by the pulpit of two women

out avail. Sir David kept gradually sinking, but did not and an infant brought for baptism, which come finely appear to experience any bodily suffering, and became uninto contrast with the figures of Knox and his pupils.

conscious about half-past seven, and at eight o'clock le ceased At the time when M. Pasavant was collecting mate

to breathe, his friends and the physicians being with him rials for his work on English art, he was invited by

all the time. The passengers assembled to consult what

was to be done, and they requested the captain to reWilkie to visit him in his studio. M. Pasayant describes turn and land the body at Gibraltar. He did return, but. the artist's method of working, which was to prepare the orders of the Governor are so strict, that the remains mahogany panels with a chalk ground without oil; then could not be allowed to come on shore, and therefore the to draw the outline of the picture; he then covered the last sad office of committing his body to the deep was perwhole with a mixture of transparent brownish colour, Oriental stood out of the bay on her way to England.”

formed in the most solemn and impressive manner as the and at length painted fresh in, subsequently glazing different portions as the keeping of the whole might re

When the news of Sir David's death reached England quire.

every one seemed to feel his loss as that of a friend, Wilkie showed this gentleman several of his sketches

connected to us by so many pleasant associations. Among made on the Continent, and intended for pictures which

other testimonies of respect the touching address to the he did not live to execute. Two of them had reference

brother and sister of the artist from the President and to Napoleon. The first represents the conqueror stand

Council of the Royal Academy deserves notice here. ing in the full pride of his power before the seated figure To THOMAS Wilkie, Esq., the brother, and Miss II elen of Pope Pius VII., holding in his hand a document

Wilkie, the sister, of the late Sir David WILKIE, R.A. which he wants to compel this latter to sign, while the

The President and Council of the Royal Academy, although

reluctant to obtrude on sorrows too recent and severe to Pope, with all the dignity of conscious right, firmly rejects his propositions. In the other sketch Napoleon is desire they feel, respectfully’to manifest to the family of the

admit of present alleviation, yet cannot resist the anxious seen at the Hospice of Mount St. Bernard, warming his late Sir David Wilkie how deeply they sympathize in the hands before a fire; by his side is the priest, who with loss they have sustained by the lamentable and untimely monkish inquisitiveness asked him what he intended death of that great painter. Connected with him for doing with his great army, to which Napoleon answered many years, socialiy and professionally, as an important sharply, “ That's a secret: and if my hat even knew it I'd member of their body, the Academy are fully sensible how throw it into the fire." This anecdote Wilkie had from much they have been indebted to lis valuable services as a the lips of the monk himself, and his pencil has well grief and regret which have been so generally excited by

man and an artist; they largely participate, therefore, in the characterized the moment.

an event that has deprived the arts and his country of one Between the years 1832 and 1841 Wilkie exhibited of their most distinguished ornaments. The President and many fine pictures and portraits, among which may be Council are well aware that time alone can assuage the suffernoticed, his “ Spanish Monks," a scene witnessed in a ings of affection under such a bereavement; but they sinCapuchin convent at Toledo. “ Spanish Mother and cerely hope that when calmer feelings shall succeed to more Child;" “Columbus;" “ The Peep-'o-Day-Boys' Cabin;" acute emotions, the relatives and friends of this eminent

Mary Queen of Scots escaping from Lochleven although he has been unhappily cut off in the full vigour of Castle;" “ The Cotter's Saturday-night;" “ The Empress his powers, he lived long enough for his fame, that his works Josephine and the Fortune-teller;" “Queen Victoria's

are known and admired wherever the arts are appreciated, First Council;" “ Sir David Baird finding the body of and that he has achieved a celebrity unsurpassed in modern Tippoo Saib;" “Grace before Meat;"" Benvenuto Cellini times. and the Pope;" “ The Irish Whisky Still." Among his An address was at the same time conveyed through unfinished works was " Nelson sealing a Letter,” and the Royal Academy to Mr. and Miss Wilkie from the -- John Knox administering the Sacrament."

profession at large, expressive of the high sense they It was but the other day (says a writer in the Athenæum), entertained of his eminent talents and moral worth. that ve rejoiced in the departure of this great painter for the East, and saw in fancy a series of delightful pictures, in High is the bliss that waits on wedded love, which the Eastern costume and character were brightly Best, purcst, emblem of the bliss above ! Etamped. Letters arrived both from Turkey and Palestine, To draw new raptures from another's joy, wherein he expressed his delight in the strange lands and To share each grief, and half its sting destroy ; Gations he was visiting ; nor were his communications with

Of one fond heart to be the slave and lord, cut their devout sympathy with the hills and vales which, Bless and be bless'd, adore and be ador’d; sben a boy, he had seen by the light of Scripture. His To own the link of soul, the chain of mind, pleasure when, on entering the harbour of St Jean D'Acre, Sublimest friendship, passion most refined, he saw the hills of the Holy Land, he described as amount- Passion, to life's last evening-hour still warm, ing to rapture.

And Friendship, brightest in the darkest storm, It has for some time been reported in the newspapers that Lives there, but would, for blessings so divine, Sir David was iil, yet he could scarcely be called ailing, The crowded Harem's sullen joys resign!either during his voyage to Egypt, or his residence there,

From ROLLESTOn's Prize Poem of Mahomet." where he painted the portrait of Mehemet Ali, and made numerous sketches; indeed, so far as we can learn, his health Death may be said, with almost equal propriety, to confer did not appear to have suffered till he reached Malta, where, as well as to level all distinctions. In consequence of that oppressed it is said by the heat, he ate freely of fruit, and event, a kind of chemical operation takes place; for those drank some iced lemonade. According to the published characters which were mixed with the gross particles of vice, acrounts, on the 31st of May last, the Oriental steamer, on by being thrown into the alembic of flattery, are sublimated bard of which Sir David and his friend Mr. Woodburne into the essence of virtue. He who, during the performwere passengers, entered Gibraltar Bay, and received her ance of his part upon the stage of the world, was little if at despatches. Shortly after she had got under weigh, six all applauded, after the close of the drama is portrayed as o'clock A.M., Mr. Woodburne went into Sir David's berth to the favourite of every virtue under heaven. To save the request he would come up and breakfast with the company; opulent from oblivion, the sculptor unites his labours with he replied, that he should probably do so, but he should the scholar or the poet, whilst the rustic is indebted for his like to see the doctor, Mr. Gattie, a medical gentleman, mite of posthumous renown to the carpenter, the joiner, or the came to him, and soon returned to Mr. Woodburne the mason.

The structures of fame are, in both cases, built with an assurance that his friend was in a very dangerous with materials whose duration is short. It may check the state. Mr. Woodburne, being greatly alarmed, asked sallies of pride to reflect on the mortality of men; but for Dr. Brown (who was with Sir James Carnac), to consult his complete humiliation, let it be remembered, that epitaplıs Mr, Gattie as to what could be done to save his friend; I and monuments decay.—Bishop HORNE.

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