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PREFACE.

THE object of this little book is to give a short

and familiar explanation of the Parables of our Blessed Lord. As is stated in the Title, it was mainly written for the use of Teachers in Elementary Schools, particularly those in Sunday Schools, with whom the want of a simple exposition of the Parables, such as they may render in their own language to their Scholars, has been often felt. It is hoped that to other persons also the book may not be without

use.

The plan which has been adopted is to state shortly the occasion on which each Parable was delivered, as in many of them this will be found to bear materially on the lesson intended to be taught; to give an explanation of every difficult word or expression in the Parable itself; and to add some practical remarks on the moral to be drawn from it.

The various explanations offered of several of the Parables have not been discussed; that interpretation which seemed on the whole to be preferred has been alone given. The practical remarks have been confined as much as possible to a single, definite point, as the writer is of opinion that the Divine Author of the Parables intended that one simple truth should be enforced by each-not that two or three distinct lessons should be drawn from it. It is hoped that the moral selected in each case will be found such as writers of repute have sanctioned.

It remains only to add that any attempt to derive instruction from the terms or expressions used in the Parables themselves has been carefully avoided. These, the writer conceives, were introduced merely to give a completeness and unity to the narrative, and afford no warrant for the many ingenious, though for the most part fanciful and far-fetched, meanings attached to them.

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EXPOSITION OF THE PARABLES.

THE SOWER AND THE SEED.

MATT. xiii. 3-9. MARK iv. 3-8. LUKE viii. 5-8.

HIS parable is thus given by the three Evan

THIS

gelists:

MATT.

Behold, a sower went

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Behold, there went A sower went out forth to sow; and when out a sower to sow: to sow his seed: and he sowed, some seeds and it came to pass, as as he sowed, some fell fell by the way side, he sowed, some fell by by the way side; and and the fowls came and the way side, and the it was trodden down, devoured them up: fowls of the air came and the fowls of the Some fell upon stony and devoured it up. air devoured it. And places, where they had And some fell on stony some fell upon a rock; not much earth: and ground, where it had and as soon as it was forthwith they sprung not much earth; and sprung up, it withered up, because they had immediately it sprang away, because it lacked no deepness of earth: up, because it had no moisture. And some and when the sun was depth of earth: but fell among thorns; and up, they were scorched; when the sun was up, the thorns sprang up and because they had it was scorched; and with it, and choked it. no root, they withered because it had no root, And other fell on good away. And some fell it withered away. And ground, and sprang among thorns; and the some fell among thorns, up, and bare fruit an thorns sprung up, and and the thorns grew hundredfold. And choked them : but up, and choked it, and when he had said these things, he cried, He

other fell into good it yielded no fruit.

ground, and brought And other fell on good that hath ears to hear, forth fruit, some an ground, and did yield let him hear.

hundredfold, some six- fruit that sprang up

tyfold, some thirtyfold. and increased; and

Who hath ears to hear, let him hear.

brought forth, some
thirty, and some sixty,
and some an hundred.
And he said unto them,
He that hath ears to
hear, let him hear.

B

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