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DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE
APPROPRIATIONS FOR 1957

(
U.S. Coriqrese. House.

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

EIGHTY-FOURTH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

SUBCOMMITTEE ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE APPROPRIATIONS

GEORGE H. MAHON, Texas, Chairman
HARRY R. SHEPPARD, California RICHARD B. WIGGLESWORTH, Massachusetts
ROBERT L. F. SIKES, Florida

ERRETT P. SCRIVNER, Kansas
W. F. NORRELL, Arkansas

GERALD R. FORD, JR., Michigan
JAMIE L. WHITTEN, Mississippi EDWARD T. MILLER, Maryland
GEORGE W. ANDREWS, Alabama HAROLD C. OSTERTAG, New York
JOHN J. RILEY, South Carolina

GLENN R. DAVIS, Wisconsin
CHARLES B. DEANE, North Carolina
DANIEL J. FLOOD, Pennsylvania

CORHAL D, ORESCAN, Staj Director to the Subcommittee

Printed for the use of the Committee on Appropriations

UNITED STATES

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

73177

WASHINGTON : 1956

.A
1949
1957

COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS

CLARENCE CANNON, Missouri, Chairman GEORGE H. MAHON, Texas

JOHN TABER, New York HARRY R. SHEPPARD, California

RICHARD B. WIGGLESWORTH, Massachusetts ALBERT THOMAS, Texas

BEN F. JENSEN, Iowa MICHAEL J. KIRWAN, Ohio

H. CARL ANDERSEN, Minnesota W. F. NORRELL, Arkansas

WALT HORAN, Washington JAMIE L. WHITTEN, Mississippi

GORDON CANFIELD, New Jersey GEORGE W. ANDREWS, Alabama

IVOR D. FENTON, Pennsylvania JOHN J. ROONEY, New York

JOHN PHILLIPS, California J. VAUGHAN GARY, Virginia

ERRETT P. SCRIVNER, Kansas JOHN E. FOGARTY, Rhode Island

FREDERIC R. COUDERT, JR., New York ROBERT L. F. SIKES, Florida

CLIFF CLEVENGER, Ohio ANTONIO M. FERNANDEZ, New Mexico EARL WILSON, Indiana PRINCE H, PRESTON, Georgia

GLENN R. DAVIS, Wisconsin OTTO E, PASSMAN, Louisiana

BENJAMIN F. JAMES, Pennsylvania LOUIS C. RABAUT, Michigan

GERALD R. FORD, JR., Michigan SIDNEY R. YATES, Illinois

EDWARD T. MILLER, Maryland FRED MARSHALL, Minnesota

CHARLES W. VURSELL, Illinois JOHN J. RILEY, South Carolina

T. MILLET HAND, New Jersey ALFRED D, SIEMINSKI, New Jersey

HAROLD C. OSTERTAG, New York
JOE L. EVINS, Tennessee

FRANK T. BOW, Ohio
HENDERSON LANHAM, Georgia
CHARLES B. DEANE, North Carolina
JOHN F. SHELLEY, California
EDWARD P. BOLAND, Massachusetts
DON MAGNUSON, Washington
WILLIAM H. NATCHER, Kentucky
DANIEL J. FLOOD, Pennsylvania
WINFIELD K. DENTON, Indiana
JAMES C. MURRAY, Mlinois

KENNETU SPRANKLE, Clerk and Staff Director

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DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE APPROPRIATIONS

FOR 1957

TUESDAY, JANUARY 24, 1956. GENERAL STATEMENTS

WITNESSES

HON. CHARLES E. WILSON, SECRETARY OF DEFENSE
W.J. MCNEIL, ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (COMPTROLLER)
ADM. ARTHUR W. RADFORD, CHAIRMAN, JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF

INTRODUCTORY STATEMENTS Mr. MAHON. Gentlemen, the committee will come to order. We will begin our hearing on the $35 billion defense budget for the coming fiscal year. I would like to say something for the record at this point. The majority members of the subcommittee are George H. Mahon, of Texas, chairman; Harry R. Sheppard, of California; Robert L. F. Sikes, of Florida; W.F. Norrell, of Arkansas; Jamie L. Whitten, of Mississippi; George W. Andrews, of Alabama; John J. Riley, of South Carolina; Charles B. Deane, of North Carolina ; and Daniel J. Flood of Pennsylvania. The minority members of the subcommittee are Richard B. Wigglesworth, of Massachusetts; Errett P. Scrivner, of Kansas; Gerald R. Ford, Jr., of Michigan; Edward T. Miller, of Maryland, Harold C. Ostertag, of New York; and Glenn R. Davis, of Wisconsin.

Generally all members are present at all times. At times some members for reasons of great urgency are absent temporarily.

Under the rules of committee procedure which follow the rules of seniority I am privileged to first interrogate each witness, and then recognize in order each member of the majority side. We then proceed to the members on the minority side who are recognized in order, beginning with Mr. Wigglesworth and concluding with Mr. Davis.

Under the procedure Mr. Davis is the last man of the 15-man subcommittee to be recognized for questioning witnesses. Members of the committee with less seniority are entitled to a lot of credit for their patience and loyalty to the country in sitting through these long hearings without having an adequate opportunity to ask questions until most subjects have been covered and the witnesses are about exhausted or perhaps are called to other meetings.

The first 2 or 3 committee members ordinarily develop from the witness the major testimony sought-perhaps all the testimony required—and it would be a disservice to the witness and the committee for other members to pointlessly rehash what has been presented to the committee.

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