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CRITICAL AND EXEGETICAL
GOSPEL ACCORDING TO S. MATTHEW
WILLOUGHBY C. ALLEN, M.A.
CHAPLAIN-FELLOW, AND LECTURER IN THEOLOGY AND HEBREW, EXETER COLLEGE, OXFORD
EXAMINING CHAPLAIN TO THE BISHOP OP LICHFIELD
CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS
(d) abbreviation of narratives
(3) in compound verbs with a preposition.
(d) in vocabulary
() in prepositions and adverbs
(h) to assimilate to another passage of the Gospel
6. Changes with respect to the Person and Miracles of
7. Changes with reference to the Apostles
8. Changes to emphasise fulfilment of prophecy
9. Qualifications and explanations
10. Changes for the sake of accuracy
Similar treatment of the Second Gospel by S. Luke Xxxv-xxxviii
Mt. and Lk. had no second source containing matter
(f) Quotations from the Old Testament
Characteristics of the sayings.
Their probable source is the Matthæan Logia.
II. Modern Authors
III. References to the Bible and to Jewish and other Ancient
IV. Greek Words.
V. Hebrew and Aramaic Words
PERHAPS no one, especially during the last thirty years, has undertaken to write a Commentary on one of the Canonical Gospels, without experiencing again and again, during the process of production, that he had undertaken a task which was beyond both his strength and his equipment. That has certainly been my own experience in writing this Commentary on the First Gospel. For a commentator upon this book, who is to do his work efficiently, should have many qualifications. He should be a competent Greek scholar, versed in the Hellenistic Greek literature, and acquainted with the bearing of modern archæological discovery upon the history of the language. He should be acquainted also with the Hebrew of the Old Testament, with the various Aramaic dialects, and with the later dialects of the Talmuds and Midrashim. If the writings of Deissmann on the one hand, and of Wellhausen and Dalman on the other, have shown what new light can be thrown upon the New Testament by experts in their own department, they have also illustrated the defective character of a one-sided knowledge, and have given indications of the sort of work that may be done by a scholar of the future, who shall be at the same time a Grecian and an Orientalist. The commentator should further be a master of the material for the textual criticism of the Gospel, which is in itself the study of a lifetime. He should have a thorough knowledge of the literature dealing with the so-called Synoptic Problem, and should have formed a