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ADDRESSES

Walter Williams, Under Secretary, U. S. Department of Commerce...
True D. Morse, Under Secretary, U. S. Department of Agriculture...
Charles B. Shuman, President, American Farm Bureau Federation..
James C. Worthy, President, Sears-Roebuck Foundation..
Edward Foss Wilson, Assistant Secretary, U. S. Department of Health,

Education, and Welfare....
Morris L. McGough, Executive Vice President, Asheville (N. Car.)

Agricultural Development Council......
Dr. David D. Henry, President, University of Illinois..
0. Hatfield Chilson, Under Secretary, U. S. Department of the

Interior....
Hon. Brooks Hays, President, Southern Baptist Convention. .
Rt. Rev. Msgr. Luigi G. Ligutti, Executive Director, National

Catholic Rural Life Conference.
Dr. Richard 0. Comfort, Executive Director, Department of Town and

Country Churches, National Council of Churches..
Millard Cass, Deputy Under Secretary, U. S. Department of Labor...
B. R. Sen, Director-General, Food and Agriculture Organization,

United Nations..
Hon. Charles N. Shepardson, Member, Board of Governors, Federal

Reserve System....
Wendall Barnes, Administrator, U. S. Small Business Administration...
William A. McDonnell, President, U. S. Chamber of Commerce.
Frank R. Ahlgren, Editor, Memphis (Tenn. ) Commercial Appeal...
W. H. Anderson, Attorney, Ripley, Miss..

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DISCUSSION GROUP REPORTS

I. Education Beyond the High School.....
II. Industries for Rural Areas....
III. Forests and Forest Products..
IV. Youth Organizations and Boys and Girls Clubs.

V. Rural Sources of Income--Tourists, Scenic, Recreational.
VI. Role of Vocational Education in the Rural Development Program.
VII. Service and Civic Clubs...
VIII. Natural Resource Conservation and Development..

IX. Transportation, Power and Communications.
X. Health and Nutrition.

83 100 105 107 112 117 121 125 131 134

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INTRODUCTION

On June 16-17, 1958, prominent national leaders in agriculture, business, religious and civic affairs, education and other fields met in Memphis, Tenn., to review progress in the Rural Development Program, the contribution of private organizations to the long-term betterment of the nation's under-developed rural areas and ways to promote more rapid progress.

The Rural Development Program, now going forward on a demonstration basis in 30 States, is a program directed by local leadership with federal and State cooperation to promote farm, industry and community development in rural areas which have many underemployed people.

About 350 persons, representing more than 100 private organizations, 32 Land Grant Colleges and Universities, and Federal and State agencies were present at the Memphis conference.

The meeting consisted of general sessions attended by all participants at which prominent speakers presented their views; 10 individual discussion groups permitting more intensive consideration of specific problems and needs in rural area development; and luncheon meetings encouraging a more informal, "brainstorming" type of discussion.

Following the Memphis Conference, Under Secretary of Agriculture True D. Morse, Chairman of the Committee for Rural Development Program, commented, "This meeting was the first step on the path of closer cooperation among agencies and organizations with a vital stake in the program. National leaders attending the Conference gained a better understanding of problems and needs in the nation's underdeveloped rural areas. The major effect of the Conference will be seen in coming months as we speed and perfect the Rural Development Program. There will be more participation and general support by private organizations and citizens. This will be seen at all levels--national, State, county and community--as the Rural Development Program moves forward with more vigor--opening wider the doors of opportunity for rural people."

STATEMENT OF THE PRESIDENT

Statement of President Eisenhower after meeting June 5, 1958, with Under Secretary of Agriculture True D. Morse, Chairman of the Committee for Rural Development Program, and Dean Harry J. Reed, Coordinator for the program. The meeting was held to inform the President of final plans for the Conference on Rural Development in Memphis, Tenn., June 16-17. The President's statement:

"Under the leadership of Dean Harry J. Reed, the Rural
Development Program to aid small and low income farmers con-
tinues to show major progress. The growing public interest and
willingness on the part of citizens to lend assistance is
most encouraging.

I want all those who will be participating in the Conference on the Rural Development Program in Memphis on June 16th and 17th--as well as the hundreds of other citizens giving leadership to the program--to know how grateful I am for all their work and leadership. They especially have the gratitude of farm people who see in these efforts new opportunities ahead for higher incomes and better living."

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Another in a continuing series of studies and working conferences at the local, state, regional and national level designed to perfect the Rural Development Program and widen its impact. In addition to the many local "grass roots" meetings have been the following:

• Planning Conference, Rural Development Program, Memphis, Tennessee,

June 7-8, 1955.
• Work Conference on the Rural Dovelopment Program, Washington, D. C.,

July 11-12, 1956.
• Rogional Conference --Kentucky, West Virginia, Tennossoo - -

- Lexington,
Kentucky, May 13 - 15, 1957.
• Regional Conference --Louisiana, Texas -- Shreveport, Louisiana,

June 17 - 19, 1957.
• Rogional Conforonco -- Arkansas, Oklahoma, New Mexico -- Fort Smith,

Arkansas, June 20 - 21, 1957.
• Tri-State Conference of Extension Workers on Rural Development --

Wisconsin, Michigan, Minnesota-- Eagle River, Wisconsin, September

2-5, 1957.
• Rogional Conference -- Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, Puerto Rico --

Athens, Georgia, September 24 - 26, 1957.
• Regional Conferonco -- Virginia, North Carolina -- Asheville, North

Carolina, October 23 - 25, 1957.

The Rural Development Program --
"The first truly broad-scale attack on the problems of low income
farmers. I am happy to see so many groups and agencies working to-
gether as a single team. That is the way to get results."
President Eisenhower, September 1956.

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9:45

Plan and Purpose of the Conference - True D. Morse, Under Secretary,

U. S. Department of Agriculture

10:00

Underemployment of Farm Families - Charles B. Shuman,

President, American Farm Bureau Federation

10:50 Industries in Rural Areas James C. Worthy, Vice President,

Sears, Roebuck & Company and President, Sears, Roebuck Foundation

11:40

Rural Development Program in Action - A picture story.

12:00

Lunch (Participants are asked to continue discussions and develop

suggestions while at lunch)

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Edward Foss Wilson, Chairman - Assistant Secretary, U. S. Department

of Health, Education and Welfare

2:00

Rural Development Pays Western North Carolina 9-Year Record

Morris L. McGough, Executive Vice President, Asheville Agricultural
Development Council, Inc., Asheville, North Carolina

2:20

Education Beyond The High School -- Need for Action - Dr. David D. Henry,

Vice Chairman, President's Committee on Education Beyond the High
School, and President, University of Illinois

vi

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