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12. Restoring divided rectangle.
Two visiting cards of equal size and shape may be used. One is cut diagonally in two and the pieces are placed on the table before the child with the hypothenuses away from each other; the uncut card is also placed on the table and the child is asked to put the two triangular pieces together so as to make a figure like the uncut card. If in the attempt the child turns one of the pieces wrong surface up the examiner should turn it right surface up again so that the proper apposition would be possible; no other assistance should be given and the examiner must not betray by look or gesture whether the child is right or wrong.
13. Counting four pennies.
The pennies are placed in a row and the child must point to each one separately in counting.
CHILDREN OF SIX YEARS.
14. Show me your right hand; your left ear.
16. Esthetic comparisons: Which is the prettier?
18. Execution of triple order: Here is a key; please put it on that chair; then shut the door; then you will notice a box on the chair near the door; please bring me that box. Do you understand? Remember, first put the key on the chair, then shut the door, then bring me the box. Now, go ahead.
19. How old are you?
20. Is this morning or afternoon?
Some children often select the latter of two alternatives, therefore if it is afternoon the question might better be worded in reverse order: Is this afternoon or morning?
CHILDREN OF SEVEN YEARS.
21. Unfinished pictures: What is lacking in this picture? To pass the test three out of four answers must be correct. (Fig. 10.)
22. How many fingers have you on your right hand?
on your left hand? How many on both?
23. Writing from copy: See little Paul.
Copy must be written for the child in a large legible hand. 24. Copying a diamond.
Children can generally copy a square at the age of five,
but a diamond not until the age of seven. Fig. 11 shows results that may be recorded as satisfactory (upper row of diamonds) and some that should not be recorded as satisfactory (lower row), the drawings not being recognizable as diamonds.
25. Repetition of five figures: 4, 7, 3, 9, 5.
26. Description of a picture.
See Test 4.
27. Counting thirteen pennies.
The pennies are placed in a row and the child must point
to each one separately in counting.
28. Naming four common coins: penny, nickel, dime, quarter.
The child is asked to read aloud the following news item; the time occupied in the reading is recorded in seconds; a record is made also of the manner of reading: whether letter-by-letter, by syllables, or hesitating, fluent, or expressive; at the same time note is taken of any word that is misread.
THREE HOUSES BURNED.
Boston, September 5th. A serious fire last night destroyed three houses in the center of the city. Seventeen families are without a home. The loss exceeds fifty thousand dollars. In rescuing a child one of the firemen was badly burned about the hands and arms.
Average time occupied in the reading is for children of eight years 45 seconds; for children of nine, ten, and eleven years 40, 30, and 25 seconds respectively. A few seconds after the child has finished the reading he is asked to relate what he has read. The entire news item may be divided into twenty component elementary ideas, as follows: