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The Annual Report prescribed by the Statutes of the University is submitted herewith, together with the reports of the chief administrative officers. In these latter reports are contained important statements of fact and discussions of policy which merit, and should receive, the careful attention of the Trustees and their appropriate Committees.

The year under review has been one of normal University work and accomplishment. Some problems of importance have been brought to solution and others have received long and patient study with a view to early decisions in respect to them. The more important happenings of the year include the resignation of Harlan F. Stone, now Attorney General of the United States, as Dean of the Faculty of Law, in order to resume the practice of his profession, after fourteen years of devoted and successful service in that post; the exceptional provisions for scientific equipment and research that were made possible by the use, for these purposes, of a portion of the surplus to the credit of Income and Expense Account for the year ending June 30, 1923; the merger of the College of Dental and Oral Surgery with the School of Dentistry of Columbia University, whereby the University's equipment and opportunities for service in this field were multiplied; the careful and generous provi

The Year 1923-1924

sions that were made by the Trustees for the retirement of academic officers who, for one reason or another, were not eligible under the provisions of the Statutes, Section 67, to receive the benefits of the non-contributory system of retiring and disability allowances as originally established by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching; the decision, on the recommendation of the University Council, to confine the degree of Doctor, when given in course to reward the completion of advanced instruction and research, to the four traditional academic groups and the four historic University Faculties of Law, Medicine, Theology and Philosophy; the establishment at Porto Rico of a School of Tropical Medicine, through cooperation between the University and the Government of Porto Rico; the organization of the clinical work in Medicine, to conform to the well established and satisfactory practice which has long prevailed in other parts of the University; the authorization and appointment of an Administrative Board of University Patents, and the establishment of the principle of cooperation between the University and its officers who may make patentable discoveries or inventions; the appointment of Huger W. Jervey to be Dean of the Faculty of Law in succession to Dean Stone, resigned; the retirement at the close of the academic year of three brilliant and distinguished scholars long in the University's service, namely, Munroe Smith, Bryce Professor of European Legal History, John Bassett Moore, Hamilton Fish Professor of International Law and Diplomacy, and Brander Matthews, Professor of Dramatic Literature; the approval of the principle that free scholarships be displaced, so far and so rapidly as may be possible, by loan funds, to the end that a better and more responsible system of student aid may be introduced, and a larger sum made available

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for the assistance of competent and deserving students who are without the resources with which to meet unaided the cost of University residence; the adoption of a new and shorter course in Applied Science, which while leaving untouched the high standards that have been set for the degrees in Engineering, will make it possible. for a competent student to complete in four years the program of studies that leads to the degree of Bachelor of Science in Engineering; the appointment to full professorships in the University of Richard T. Alexander, Ph.D., of George Peabody College for Teachers, in Education, Carlton J. Lynde, Ph.D., of Macdonald College, in Physics, and Lynn Thorndike, Ph.D., of Western Reserve University, in History; the promotion, following the adoption of the Budget, of 31 associates, instructors and lecturers to be assistant professors, of I associate and 16 assistant professors to be associate professors, of 13 associate professors to be professors, as well as the increase in compensation of 169 officers of administration and instruction without change of rank; the authorization by the Trustees of the next steps to carry out the building program, including the erection of Students' Hall on South Field and of thoroughly modern and well equipped laboratories for physical and chemical instruction and research in the Grove; the authorization by the Trustees of Barnard College of the construction of a new Residence Hall on Claremont Avenue, to accommodate about 250 students, and the retirement of Mrs. N. W. Liggett, who had served as Bursar of the College for thirty-four years with untiring devotion and effectiveness; the steady and important development of the work of the Institute of Educational Research at Teachers College, and the extension of this research, by the aid of special grants, into the fields of social and religious work and of child welfare; the marked advance in the

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