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BY

HENRY HOME, LORD KAMES,

JUDGE OF THE COURT OF SESSIONS IN SCOTLAND, &c. &c.

WITH

A N A LYSES,

AND

TRANSLATIONS OF ANCIENT AND FOREIGN

ILLUSTRATIONS.

EDITED BY ABRAHAM MILLS, A. M.

AUTHOR OF AN IMPROVED EDITION OP ALISON ON TAB. PTC.

NEW EDITION.

NEW YORK:

HUNTINGTON AND SAVAGE,

216 PEARL-STREET.

1847.

156
Educ I 1028.33.15

1885. May 1,

Gift of

Miss A. M. Oudworth.

of East Bostons

Entered according to the Act of Congress, in the year 1833, by JAMES CONner and WILLIAM R. COOKE in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the Southern Dis. taict of New York

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PREFACE

то

THE SECOND EDITION.

PRINTING, by multiplying copies at will, affords to writers great opportunity of receiving instruction from every quarter. The author of this treatise, having always been of opinion that the general taste is seldom wrong, was resolved, from the beginning, to submit to it with entire resignation : its severest disapprobation might have incited him to do better, but never to complain. Finding now the judgment of the public to be favorable, ought he not to draw satisfaction from it? He would be devoid of sensibility were he not greatly satisfied. Many criticisms have indeed reached his ear; but they are candid and benevolent, if not always just. Gratitude, therefore, had there been no other motive, must have roused his utmost industry, to clear this edition from all the defects of the former, so far as suggested by others, or discovered by himself. In a work containing many particulars, both new and abstruse, it was difficult to express every article with sufficient perspicuity; and, after all the pains bestowed, there remained certain passages which are generally thought obscure. The author, giving an attentive ear to every censure of that kind, has, in the present edition, renewed his efforts to correct every defect; and he would gladly hope that he has not been altogether unsuccessful. The truth is, that a writer, who must be possessed of

the thought before he can put it into words, is but ill qualı fied to judge whether the expression be sufficiently clear others: in that particular, he cannot avoid the taking on hi to judge for the reader, who can much better judge for himse

June, 1763

EDITOR'S PREFACE.

The present edition of Lord Kames' Criticisms was prepared, and is now offered to the public, with a view of facili. tating the use of the work, and of rendering it more acceptable to general readers. To effect the former object, an analysis has been placed at the head of each chapter; and to effect the latter, translations, either original or selected, have been affixed to the numerous passages introduced as illustrations, from the Latin and Italian languages.

The editor deems it unnecessary to enter into any process of argument, by which to justify the course he has pursued in the preparation of the present work; as in all matters of practical utility, the only just judgment that can possibly be formed must necessarily rest on practical effects: and though he would be sorry to arrogate any superiority to himself, or to his own observation, yet there may, perhaps, be no impropriety in saying, that the result of the experience of many years arduously devoted to the business of instruction, is, a thorough conviction that only by presenting a subject to the 'mind in its leading features, and as one whole, can students obtain a clear and comprehensive view of it. Too much dependence however, in the use of the work, must not be placed upon the analyses; for it is by no means intended that because of them is less of the work to be learned

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