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But, as in Goëthe's case, it was a mere artist's | passing the love of women while she lived, and that advance from one stage of imitation to another, he deified her memory when she died, as Dante did without any real insight into the true springs of that of Beatrice, and Petrarch that of Laura, is a cold human greatness. Suffering for the sake of others, and commonplace account of the matter. It seems sympathy with man as man, the sacrifice even of that in his case, as in that of Comte, Atheism passed culture for the sake of active benevolence, “the heart into idolatry. The affections usurped the place of the at leisure for itself to soothe and sympathise "—these religious instincts. There is something inexpressibly were ideals which were foolishness to Goëthe, as the sad in the picture as drawn by himself of the bepreaching of the cross is to the Greek, who is the reaved and desolate old man haunting the last home type of mere intellect, as the Jew is the type of of his wife near Avignon, bending over the ashes of ceremonial religion without the power. It was the the dead, and seeking to warm himself by the pale same with Mr. Mill. He contracted a sort of intel. cold memory of a "shade.” There is a legend of lectual respect for spiritual philosophy as interpreted Charlemagne that his wife possessed an emerald by Coleridge and his school, but that which underlay which had the magic property of fascinating whothis philosophy and gave it a meaning it otherwise ever came near it. When his wife died the emerald could not possess of itself, this was to the last unin- was placed in her mouth and buried with her, when telligible to Mr. Mill. The new direction of culture in the old Kaiser would never allow the coffin out of the channel of the affections may be said to have his sight, and was inconsolable until one of his spoiled Mr. Mill's old utilitarianism without leading ourtiers discovered the secret of the spell, and him to the true foundation of love at its Divine source. secretly removing the emerald, the emperor's affecHis philosophy was Epicurean to the last, spoiled by tions were transferred from the dead to the living. the cross currents of Platonism, which destroyed its Mr. Mill's passionate reverence of his wife's memory original simplicity without leading him to anything and genius, which was in his own words a “robetter.
ligion," seems as unreasonable as this fascination of In this Mr. Mill presents a remarkable parallel to Charlemagne. In other ages it would have been another phllosopher of the same school, whose name accounted for by the occult virtue of a gem or the has become even more notorious. Auguste Comte, secret power of a spell. To us the explanation is eminent mathematician, polytechnic professor, statis- more simple—that he sorrowed but as one without tician-general of the tables of human progress, had hope. He loved and lost, as all must do; but irot alighted on a generalisation which was a kind of knowing that love has one place and worship another short cut to universal knowledge, and especially to in natures like ours, he confounded the two-ho the philosophy of history. All science has to pass deified the human because the divine humanised through three stages; it emerges from the magical and made near in the person of the God-man was or supernatural stage, passes into the metaphysical to him a mere superstition. There is something stage of hypothesis, and ends in the final stage of tragic in this consummation of the highest culture in positivism, where we tabulate facts and dismiss final a hopeless and consuming sorrow. We may say, like causes as a mere guess in the dark of the childish Iago, “Oh! the pity of it—the pity of it." His intellect. Happy consummation, if human nature life is a lesson and a warning. A nature acute and would only consent to accept it! Unfortunately, narrow, but with a chord of tenderness in it almost however, for the professor's peace of mind, the womanly, was stirred at last on the ideal side of instincts of human nature are not to be eradicated in love. Had he but known that love is the outer this way. Love and worship are instincts which no court of which worship is the inner sanctuary, he positive theory can make away with, and in his old might have risen from the created to the uncreated. days the professor fell in love, and so found out that But here his early theories stood in his way and his draft of the sciences was defective. What was barred any further advance. He was pledged to a to be done. As Mohammed had new revelations when- psychology which denied the existence of any spiritual ever it was convenient to enlarge his harem, or even instincts in man, and to a philosophy which gave no to admit a slave to the full rights of a wife-in the place for the doctrine of final causes. This was the same way M. Auguste Comte modified his new fatal flaw in all his thinking—the strange defect in culte. Positivism developed into the worship of his early training which no amount of after-culture humanity, the humanity was personified in a strange could overcome. By a mere tour de force he could parody of the Romish cultus of the Virgin and Child. throw himself into the region of the imagination and This was too much for English Positivists, and understand poetry, as a mathematician might the especially for Mr. Mill. He broke off from M. Comte, laws of rhythm, without feeling its subtle essence. denounced his new religion of humanity as the But this was all that his education could do for him. vagaries of a mind bordering on insanity, and held At this point he stood still, never to advance further. fast to the eld position that the last word of science The sense of dependence on an unseen Father and is a complete nescience of any principle behind the Friend—that duty to God which is the fear of the sequence of natural physical laws. Mr. Mill was, we Lord at first, and which is afterwards perfected into admit, more consistent in repudiating these later love--this was to him an unknown region, and the phases of Positivism, but his own practice belied his result is seen in his own confessions. He has himtheory. In his own case he fell into an incon- self written the heaviest censure of his own system. sistency not unlike that of Auguste Comte which he We need no other witness than his own to condemn so loudly protested against. There are ineradicable his theory of life. Tried by the tests which he has instincts in man, which, if denied their proper nutri- himself set up, it is miserably wanting; it fails to ment, will make the meat they feed upon.” satisfy our aspirations at present, while it leaves the
It is a law of our nature that if we do not love what entire future a dark and distressing enigma. we worship we shall worship what we love. His In these days, when secularism is proclaimed as the love for his wife and regard for her memory became only true education of man, Mr. Mill's life may be to him a kind of religion. To say that it was a love said to be a warning from one who has himself
passed beyond the reach of our criticism. It is a very day that we received the letter, without voice from beyond the tomb proclaiming to us, like that consulting Cousin Braidfute, who otherwise would of another "preacher," that culture without godli- have had his finger in the pie, she and I set off to ness also is vanity. A less vigorous thinker, å less call upon Mr. Kemp in George's Square. consistent logician, might not have pushed his con- We found it one of the largest houses in the clusions to the same length, but then we should have square. It looked so grand and imposing that we lacked that confirmation of our faith as to the “whole feared Mr. Kemp might be a proud man, and not duty of man." To fear God and to keep His com- very accessible to strangers in our now reduced cirmandments, that is wisdom and that is understanding: cumstances. So we took a turn round by the garden This simple lesson, which a child in a village school railing in the centre to gain courage before ringing
a knows, was hidden from one of the wise and prudent the door-bell. But the longer we delayed the more ones: why and for what reason is a solemn mystery nervous wo grew; besides, as I suggested, some which we dare not enter upon. We here only note other person might have heard of the bursary, and the fact, and leave the lesson for those who are wise be on his way to speak to Mr. Kemp about it, and to learn it. No other hand than Mr. Mill's could by dilly-dallying I might lose it. This supposition have traced this with the same distinctness. An quickened our movements, and in another minute we ordinary biographer would have written the record had rung the bell. of his intellectual triumphs, but Mr. Mill himself The servant who appeared said that her master goes further than this, and shows us the secret despair was at present engaged, but showed us into the of a heart feeding on its own bitter regrets. When dining-room to wait for him. It was a large, handHenry Martyn, as senior wrangler, awoke to find some, well-furnished apartment, and the portrait of fame an empty shadow, he was led on to know God, a gentleman above the mantelpiece catching my eye and to find in Him his portion for ever. But Mr. as I entered, lightened my spirits, for I thought that Mill unhappily was never led on to make the same it probably was a likeness of Mr. Kemp, and the discovery If we would sum up the experience of face, though pernickity, was a very benevolent one. his life, it would be in these well-known lines of “I wish it was over, Matthew, my dear,” said my the poet
poor mother. "They who mourn the most
“I think," said I, to encourage her, “ that that Must mourn the deepest o'er the fatal truth,
picture must be a likeness of Mr. Kemp, mother, The tree of knowledge is not that of life.”
and though the face is rather singular, it has a kind look."
“Do you think so, my dear?” said she, gazing
wistfully up at it, and then I saw that her eyes were MATTHEW MORRISON:
full of tears. She looked at it for a few moments
only, then turned to the window, and sat as if AN AUTOBIOGRAPHY.
examining the square through the low blinds, but
utterly unconscious, I was sure, of what she saw. I IT T was a great change to me, living in town. No knew she was thinking of former days, when no such
doubt I was at first much attracted by the cares as this devolved upon her; and that she was novelty of everything around me; but this gradually feeling how helpless and desolate a woman is who is wore off, and I began secretly to pine for the repose a widow, and especially a widow with straitened and freedom of my old home. The city air wanted elasticity, and depressed my spirits. Oh, how my We had to wait a considerable time; but at last imagination dwelt on the green pastures and crystal there was the sound of voices in the lobby, followed waters of my native place, and often did I long for by the shutting of the house door. Then the door of the wings of a bird that I might flee thither and be the dining-room was suddenly burst open-that is at rest. It seemed to me a haven of peace and the only word that describes the action-and a little serenity, and those that abode there were to me the gentleman in a state of apparent hurry and exciteblessed and excellent of the earth.
ment rån rather than walked into the room. He Cousin Braidfute had got us a reasonably good was without doubt the original of the portrait that I house, though it was a confined and dingy place had been contemplating. He was small in stature, compared with the manse. Our relative was un- and extremely thin and meagre, and every line of his doubtedly a sagacious and practical man, but he face and motion of his body showed activity and interfered too much in our concerns, and scarcely energy. His eyes were very black and keen, and as allowed us a voice in them. We soon grew to feel he entered they examined us with a rapid and peneas if his shadow was always hovering over the house, trating glance. I had never seen a Frenchman then, and the fear of offending him made my mother timid or I should have taken him for one. He was dressed and nervous. Besides, he was deficient in hospi- with great neatness, and he wore powder in his hair, tality, considering that we were strangers in the town. though it had then fallen into disuse.
We speedily got a good lodger for our best parlour His entrance was so startling and so unlike that and the adjoining bedroom. He was sent to us by of a grave business man, that my mother and I in Mr. Kemp, the writer to the Signet, to whom we got our surprise almost jumped from our seats. He a letter of introduction from Mr. Tait. A small politely motioned us to resume them, and sitting college bursary in the gift of the Senatus had become down himself by the table, began to drum restlessly yacant through the death of the holder; and Mr. with his fingers upon it. Tait thought that Mr. Kemp, from his influential "Good morning, madam ; what is your business position, might be able to procure it for me. It with me?" he inquired, in tones as abrupt and rapid was a great undertaking for my mother to call upon as his movements. a stranger and a lawyer, but the chance of the bur- My mother's presence of mind had entirely desary, small as it was, was not to be lost; and the serted her, and instead of presenting our letter of
CHAPTER Y.--MR. KEMP THE LAWYER AND HIS SISTER.
introduction to Mr. Kemp, in her agitation she her at present-business must be attended to,
I have met with your late husband, madam,” he shoulder in passing, and in another moment was out said.
of the room. “Indeed, sir,” said my mother, evidently re- My mother did not look quite at her ease at first; lieved.
but Miss Kemp was so chatty and cordial as she "A worthy man, madam; a good scholar and a trotted between the cupboard and table with the
a worthy man. This is your son, madam ?”
wine and cake, which she would not permit either of "My younger son, Matthew, sir."
us to decline, that the little embarrassment soon woro “ You have come to reside in town, madam, I per- off; and by the time my mother had taken her glass ceive. What is your direction ?"
of wine-of which she seemed much the better-the My mother gavo it to him, and we were glad to pair were conversing like old friends. And before see him take out the letter again and note it down- our visit was over she had told Miss Kemp all our it looked business-like. Having restored the letter little history. My poor mother could not speak of to his pocket, he started up, hurried to the fireplace, recent events without breaking down into weeping; and rung the bell.
and our kind hostess drew out her pocket-handker“Let Miss Kemp know that I wish to see her chief and cried for sympathy: here,” he said, when the servant answered it.
It was a considerable time before she would permit I had been wondering whether he was a married us to leave her. We said nothing to each other till man, but now supposed that a sister kept his house. we had walked some way from the door, and then He stood fidgeting on the hearthrug, twisting his the impulse came at once upon both of us to laugh fingers and puckering his face in an extraordinary at the start we got when Mr. Kemp suddenly burst fashion till the lady made her appearance.
into the room. But altogether, we thought we had She was the exact counterpart of himself. Indeed, made friends for ourselves. so like were they, that people not intimately ac
" And I am
sure we need them, Matthew, my quainted with them naturally supposed them to be dear,” said my mother, sighing deeply. twins, which they were not. Like him, she had a “You will never need friends, mother," said I, kind of birdliko quickness in all her movements, "as long as your sons are to the fore;' at which and such uprightness of carriage, especially of the words my mother put her arm within mine and head and neck, that at this first interview with her looked lovingly into my face. I thought she was probably suffering from a stiffness “God has been very good to us,” she said, gratein the muscles of the latter. She was dressed with fully, “and I somehow think, Matthew, my dear, that great, though somewhat old-fashioned, precision, you will get the bursary." and wore very brief petticoats, thus exhibiting a pair And I did get the bursary. Mi:s Kemp herself of the trimmest feet and ankles I have ever seen. brought us the first news of it, and Archie was fortuNotwithstanding these peculiarities, her appearance nately at home when she called. was decidedly prepossessing, and she had a very lively, pleasant countenance, less indicative of acuteness of intellect than her brother's, but expressive Sonnets of the Sacred Pear. both of singleness of mind and goodness of heart. She came hurrying into the room, apologising as she did so in a chatty, sociable kind of way for keep
SEPTUAGESIMA SUNDAY. ing us waiting, though that did not exceed a few “So run, that ye may obtain."-1 Cor. ix. 24. minutes , and she had the borcalled, she explained, A CROSS the world the ghostly struggle lies; of house.
Life, Death, the only limits of that plain “This is Mrs. Morrison, Miss Kemp," said her brother, as soon as she gave him the opportunity to At whose extreme the bright immortal Gain speak, “and this is her son, Mr. Matthew."
Is seen in One, the Giver and the Prize. Miss Kemp shook hands with us in a kindly way, “ Long is the course ! how shall I agoniso and then sat down beside my m her.
Through days and years, nor ever make in vain “Mrs. Morrison has just come to reside in Edin. All by one step: how run that I obtain ? " burgh, Miss Kemp," continued the formal but polite So in a weak despair my spirit cries. little gentleman; "she is quite a stranger here, so in a weak despair my spirit cries. therefore I doubt not that you will easily discover I know not, O my soul, save that I know some way in which you can be of service to her." Emmanuel once the heat and burden boro
“Čertainly, brother, certainly,” said his sister, Of all that way: thy Master went before : smiling affectionately on him as she sat bolt upright His own tired feet have gone where thine must go. in her chair.
" And Miss Kemp, you will have the goodness to On, then, in hopo; so run! thy Judge is He explain to Mrs. Morrison the necessity for my leaving Whose love to thine is calling, "Follow Me."
BY THE REV. S. J. STONE, M.A.
DISCILARCED PRISONERS' AID SOCIETY. - The Marquis of jelly. Sir George Balfour, and other officers, having referred Westminster makes, through the press, the following appeal in to this, Mr. N. W. Burton, a retired civilian, confirmed the statebhalf of this useful and meritorious society :-"Founded in ment thus : "I well remember, more than fifty years ago, when I 1857, it has since that period assisted 7,906 men and women on was a Judge of the Supreme Court at the Cape of Good Hopo, their discharge from convict prisons. Since the last meeting that diet being supplied to the prisoners in the country gaols, of the committee, on the 27th of July, it has undertaken 138 to a class of porsons Hottentots, Caffres, and Bushmen-fresh cases, which have been dealt with in the following whose fare, when at large, had been mostly animal food ; but manner :-Of the 136 men it has aided, two are at present who, upon the congee diet, were well supportod, and actually awaiting emigration (to join friends abroad), 21 have obtained increased in fatness, upon this their sole diet. There is another berths on board ship, one is awaiting a berth, 32 have been general officer, at this time in England, who can confirm this assisted in the country, 54 are at work in the metropolitan statement--General Sir John Bell, G.C.B." district, 13 are at present unemployed (having been very recently discharged from prison), three have been lost sight of, he was not, as his most enthusiastic admirer, if in the slightest
CANDLISH AS A PREACHER.-As a preacher and theologian one has enlisted in the army, one is an invalid, one is living degrec qualified to judge, will admit, the source of a new on his own private property, four have been assisted to emigrate, influence, the proclaimer of any original idea. He was content and three have just been discharged from prison. The two women have been assisted to emigrate to join friends in America. divisions, and confining himself to his text. That he was in
with the pulpit method of the Puritans, adopting their formal In addition to this work the Society has a Refuge for Women on leaving convict prisons, at which there are at present 33 his being for forty years the popular, we had almost said the
some sense a great preacher may be regarded as proved, first, by inmates, and from which 10 have been placed out in the last adored, occupant of the pulpit of one of the largest and most three months. The expenses attendant on the establishment refined congregations in Edinburgh ; and secondly, by the testiof this Refuge at Russell House, Streatham, have been very heavy, a large laundry having been built and furnished with littérateurs, who, while students
, heard him with enthralled
mony of multitudes of men, now clergymen, lawyers, doctors, the necessary appliances. Though the committee intend using admiration. But though we have personally felt the spell, we every effort to make this Refuge nearly or entirely self-support: could hardly say wherein it consisted. Doubtless it lay, to ing, it has proved at present so costly as to exhaust the funds of the Society, and donations and subscriptions are very urgently they were, 'always characterised the discourses of Candlish.
some extent, in the perfect unity which, formally divided as needed to enable the work here to be carried on with its full From the first sentence to the last there was a continuity which efficiency."
satisfied and fascinated the mind. There was always in the NATIONAL Dent. -The present National Debt is less than sermon a leading idea, and as he proceeded in its development one year's aggregate income of the whole people of the nation. the vehemence of the preacher increased, and the emotional It is computed not to be 8 per cent of the aggregate value of climax was also the logical climax, so that the reasoning faculty the real and personal property in these isles. Taking the popu- blended its suffrage with the homage of the heart. The lanlation at 32 millions at this date, the present debt is equal to guage, besides, was always forcible and expressive, and coming £24 103. per head. Fifteen years back the amount, owing from the preacher's own lips, enveloped in the glow of his mainly to the smaller population, was £30 per head. The ardour, it did not seen stiff.-Spectator. present interest of the National Debt is equal to about 178. per head, or less than one-half of what it was in the year 1815, have as yet been amongst the most troublesome elements in the
ASHANTEE WAR.-Next to the climate, our native allies at the close of the great French War. So that, by an auto
Ashantee war. In the campaign of 1863, England had the matic or self-acting process, we are progressively reducing the
advantage of an oflicer on the Gold Coast whose services in dis. burden of our debt.
ciplining and leading the friendly native tribes mainly led to BrewEES' MEASURE. ---While small tradespeople and street the speedy conclusion of the war, and to the peace which lasted hawkers are strictly watched in the matter of weights and till last year. The Hon. Captain Frederick Wood was the measures, a strange laxity is allowed in larger concerns, as, for Receiver-General of the Gold Coast country. Just before the instance, in the casks of brewers. A few of the great firms war, in the early spring of 1863, he was about to leave for Eng. may give full measure, but in the nine-gallon casks of ordinary land on sick leave. He fell a victim to the exposure and fatigue use it is not expected that 36 quarts are always to be found. of the campaign. Of him the “ Times” thus wrote in anThe “Times” says, that, “In enumerating and describing nouncing his lamented death :-“This gallant officer, it will the new instruments acquired by his department in the course no doubt be remembered, commanded our allies, consisting of of the past year, the warden of the standards states that he various friendly tribes, numbering about 17,000. He did what has obtained from Berlin a specimen of the cubic apparatus for it was supposed no other man in the colony could have done. verifying casks, adopted by the German Standards Commission. Without the aid of one other white man, he commanded that Although some objections were raised to the proposed verifica large body of natives, kept order and discipline among them, tion and stamping of casks in Germany when the project of and was universally respected and obeyed by the kings and chiefs law for the regulation of weights and measures was before the in the camp." Let us hope that there are men of the stamp of Committee of the Federal Parliament, yet the proposition was Captain Frederick Wood to the front in this new Ashantee war, eventually adopted at the express desire of the German wine. that we may the sooner reach a desirable peace. STOWETS. The warden suggests it as a subject worth conside
PUMPING MACHINERY.-Some gigantic pumping machinery ration whether a similar regulation should not be adopted in
is now in the course of construction at Messrs. Gwynne's factory this country, more particularly in respect of ale and beer casks.
at Hammersmith. The pumps, which deliver their water by For a long period such a regulation was in force here, and was
centrifugal force, are intended for the reclamation of the Ferrara exercised by the Coopers' Company of London. An Act of
Marshes in Northern Italy. These marshes are about 200 square 1331, 23 Henry VII, c. 4, directed that casks were to be made
miles in extent, situated between the outlets of the River Po by artificers of the craft of coopers only. The barrel of beer
and the Volano, at Codegoro. This great work has been taken 643 to contain 36 gallons, and of alc 32 gallons; the kilderkin
in hand by an Anglo-Italian company, the amount to be ex# 23 to contain hall and the firkin a quarter of those quantities; pended being £500,000. The pumps stand from the ground They were to be of just and good incasure, or else above and about fourteen feet high, of a volute form, something like a nat under; and cvery artificer was to put his proper mark upon nautilus shell. The discharge or outlet of these pumps, which every one of them. No cooper was to make any other vessel
are eight in number, is 54in. in diameter, and capable of for beer or ale of a greater or lesser number of barrels, unless he discharging to a inean height of 7ft. 3in. 57,000 gallons per marked upon them the true and certain number of gallons they minute, the aggregate discharge from the eight being 456,000, contained, to the end that every person might know the con.
being nearly half a million gallons per minute. This gives tents thereof. No other casks than were so marked were
656,610,000 gallons per day of 24 hours, amounting to more allosed to be used by beer and ale brewers under penalties.”
than six times the whole of the water supplied by the London Rice As NUTRITIOUS Dier.-In the public correspondence waterworks. Each pair of pumps is driven by a pair of comcaused by the threatened famine in Bengal, several old Indians pound engines entirely independent of the others, and carried wrote high praises of the nutritious power of rice, and espe- by a bed-plate weighing about 25 tons. The pump shafts are cially of congee, or rice boiled to consistency of gruel or thin of Bessemer forged steel, and connected to the crank-shaft by been a crowning honour in his life, that after retiring from his
turned bolts. The pump discs are 5ft. in diameter, and work were taught to the exclusion of everything else, and the inside the volute at a speed of about 130 revolutions per minute Academy was the first to join other branches of culture, with a to obtain the necessary centrifugal force to discharge the water. success which encouraged similar innovation at Eton, Rugby, The steam cylinders for each pair of pumps are 27in. and and other public schools. A truly liberal yet conservative 46f diameter respectively, the stroke being 2ft. 3in. The plan of education might well be expected from a board of steam, after having been used in the small cylinder, is admitted directors among whom were Sir Walter Scott, Leonard into the large one, and expanded to a very low pressure ; by Horner, Henry Cockburn, and James Moncrieff. The rector this means å great economy in fuel is obtained, which is very of the school was the Rev. John Williams, of Balliol, after. necessary in a country where coal is dear. The steam on leav. wards better known as Archdeacon Williams (of Cardigan). ing the large, or low-pressure cylinder, is conducted into a pair The rector in his annual reports, after the early years, used to of surface condensers, placed on the discharge pipes of the pumps. give lists of academical honours, and other public distinctions The condensers are cylindrical tubes with tube plates at each gained by academy pupils. The list is now a long and imposend, and traversed by over 300 brass tubes, 3in. diameter, ing one, and includes men of high mark in science and learning,
in arts and arms, and in all professions and callings. The PLAN.
Archbishop of Canterbury, Mfr. Justice Blackburn, Mr. Grant Duff, M.P., Lord Elcho, the late Frederick Robertson, of Brighton, are among the names that occur at the moment as well known in England. In Scotland, at the Bar and in the Universities, some of the most distinguished men are old Academy boys. Aytoun, of the “ Lays,” was one of our early poet-laureates. There are now thousands of pupils of the Academy, niany of them scattered in all parts of the world, to whom this brief note may give pleasure in recalling old times and associations. It would be well to have some memorial volume before the early traditions of the school are lost.
Fox and GEESE.–Our frontispiece is copied from the paint. ing by Breton Rivière, a master in delineation of animal character, by permission of the owner, Robert Upperton, Esq., Brighton.
EUCALYPTUS GLOBULUS.-M. Gimbert, who has been long А
engaged in collecting evidence concerning the Australian tree “Eucalyptus globulus," the growth of which is surprisingly rapid, attaining besides gigantic dimensions, has addressed an interesting communication to the Academy of Sciences. This plant, it now appears, possesses an extraordinary power of destroying miasmatic influence in fever-stricken districts. It has the singular property of absorbing ten times its weight of water from the soil, and of emitting antiseptic camphorous eflluvia. When sown in marshy ground it will dry it up in a very short time. The English were the first to try it at the Cape, and within two or three years they completely changed the climatic condition of the unhealthy parts of the colony. A few years later its plantation was undertaken on a large scale in various parts of Algeria. At Pardock, twenty miles from Algiers, a farm situated on the banks of the Hamyze was noted for its extremely pestilential air
. In the spring of 1867, about 1,300 of the eucalyptus were planted there. In July of the same year—the time when the fever season used to set in
not a single case occurred, yet the trees were not more than A
nine feet high. Since then complete immunity from fever has been maintained. In the neighbourhood of Constantine the farm of Ben Machydlin was equally in had repute. It was covered
with marshes both in winter and summer. In five years the do of full size.
whole ground was dried up by 14,000 of these trees, and A A, PUMP SECTIONS ; B, PUMP DELIVERY ; C, DISC; D, DISC SPINDLE ; farmers and children enjoy excellent health. At the factory of E E, STUFFING FOR SPINDLE.
the Gue de Constantine, in three years a plantation of eucalyptus
has transformed twelve acres of marshy soil into a magnificent The arrows show the direction of the water.
park, whence fever has completely disappeared. In the island through which the water from the pumps passes, thus giving of Cuba this and all other paludal diseases are fast disappearing the cooling surface for condensing the steam. An air-pump is from all the unhealthy districts where the tree has been introplaced between the condensers for pumping the vapour and duced. We have no information as to whether this beneficent condensed water from the condensers. At the discharge end of tree will grow in other than hot climates. We hope that expeeach pump is an enormous sluice valve, which can be easily riments will be made to determine this; in the Italian marshes, opened or closed by one man, a small hydraulic cylinder being for instance. It would be a good thing to introduce it on the placed on each valve for that purpose. The steam for working West Coast of Africa.—
Homeward Mail. these engines is obtained from 10 boilers (2 being spare); each boiler is 7ft. diameter by 19ft long; they are constructed with
LAWRENCE SCHOLARSHIP.-On the retirement of Lord 2 flues or furnaces which unite into a combustion chamber, the Lawrence from the chairmanship of the London School Board, end of which terminates into 108 tubes, 3in, diameter by 4ft.
a complimentary farewell dinner was given by his colleagues. long. Good engineering skill must have been exercised in con.
In the name of the whole Board Mr. Charles Reed, M.P., paid a structing such machinery—the largest yet constructed for the cordial tribute of respect to their noble leader. It has certainly purpose.
viceregal office, Lord Lawrence should have devoted himself to EDINBURGH ACADEMY JUBILEE YEAR.--Much was heard the laborious and comparatively humble duties of the School lately about the Jubilee Commemoration of the Oxford Union. Board. Nothing could have impelled him to this duty but the Let us give a short paragraph to a northern institution dating truest patriotism. Having maintained in India the claims of from the same time, which has done the State some service. Christianity as the truest defence of the nation, it was only The Edinburgh Academy was opened as a classical school on the natural that under his presidency the use of the Bible should 1st October, 1824. The High School had long been inadequate be found in every school established by the London Board. to meet the requirements of this field of education, especially A more permanent commemoration of the chairmanship of since the great extension of the city and its population in the Lord Lawrence will be the foundation of one or more scholar. New Town, At that time, in all the great schools, the classics ships in connectiop with the London schools.