« ÎnapoiContinuați »
roinantic display was somewhat detracted from by tween China and Great Britain. Fourteen years have some of the fair damsels carrying foreign umbrellas, elapsed since then, and it is satisfactory to state that the utilitarian simplicity of which jarred with the the relations of the Chinese Government with this oriental magnificence displayed. The music, it is country, and other foreign Powers having represenneedless to state, was of the usual discordant and tatives at the capital, continue to be on an amicable noisy description.
footing This has been in a great measure due to The great feature of the procession came last: the friendly policy of Prince Kung and his coadjutor this was the "Kin-loong," or Golden Dragon, the Wen Seang, a liberal-minded statesman, who preemblem of all that is ancient and great in the history side at the Board of Foreign Affairs, or as it is and dynasties of the empire. It is appropriated to whatever belongs to or issues from the “ Dragon's Seat," as the imperial throne is designated in the decrees of the Government. A five-clawed dragon is embroidered on the emperor's court robes, often surrounds his edicts and the title-pages of books published by his authority, while dragons are inscribed on his banners. It is more than anything else the national coat-of-arms of the Celestial Empire, because it is personated by his Imperial Majesty, and no subject oan employ it to designate anything belonging to him personally. Yet, as on this occasion, the fabulous creature was allowed to be publicly represented, as a token of loyalty to the reigning dynasty and hatred to the enemies of the Dragon Throne.
The emblem carried in procession represented a monster of great magnitude, not less than one hundred and fifty feet long, with a lead six feet in height, something like that of a camel, having the horns of a deer and the ears of a cow.
The long body had a ridge of scales on the back, with the claws of a hawk. On each side of its mouth wero whiskers, and a long beard hung under the chin. A cloud of smoke proceeded from its mouth, which sometimes changed into fire, while fireworks issued from the nostrils. Altogether it was a most elaborately got-up affair, and was a striking evidence of the value the Chinese attach to old customs, the origin of which are hid in the antiquity of their mythology
The festival did not end by daylight. When the chief inhabitants had partaken of the feast that had called, the Tsoong-le Yamoon. That is a supplebeen prepared for them, they embarked on the river, mentary Board to the six great Boards forming the on board gaily-decorated barges, illuminated with a
Government of China, and was established at the profusion of lanterns inside and out.
close of the last war in 1860, as a necessary adjunct was still and weather fine, allowing the brilliant
to keep the diplomatic correspondence with foreign maritime procession to be seen to the best advantage.
embassies distinct from native affairs. On all occaWhen it proceeded down the Wong-poo there were
sions that resident ministers or new ambassadors several long dragon-boats in the wake, constructed so requested interviews with the Prince, these have been as to imitate the form of that mythological creature, freely granted, and the greatest courtesy shown to from whose mouths, eyes, and nostrils were emitted them, with a desire on his part to discuss questions jets of smoke and fire. But what rendered the scene
at issue as liberally as the peculiar laws and customs most brilliant were the fireworks discharged from of China would permit. As unele to the youthful these boats-not into the air as with us, but into the Emperor, Toong Che, he naturally possesses conwater, which, instead of lessening their brilliancy, siderable influence in the Court of Peking; and it is seemed to increase it. This pyrotechnic display the general conviction of foreigners in China, that as lasted for some time, during which the procession of long as he holds his present post, there is little fear boats kept moving up and down, with its fiery train of hostilities again breaking out, although the country hissing and sputtering on the water, giving a forcible is now better prepared for war than formerly, having representation of the monstrous “Golden Dragon”
formed the nucleus of a steam navy and disciplined which the superstition of the Chinese places among army in the interval.
BURNING THE DEAD.
E have heard much lately about burning the
dead instead of burying them. In our story of “The Mandarin's Daughter,” Prince men of science have advocated the praetice, both Kung, whose likeness is now inserted, figures as a on sanitary and economical grounds. They have prominent personage in the pacific ratification of the shown how easily and thoroughly the consumption treaty at Peking, which concluded the last war be- of the human body may be effected, and the small
BURNING THE DEAD.
mineral residuum that remains after the more divested of all coverings except a cloth around the volatile substances have been dispersed by fire. The loins. It was then listed on to the bier, which was thing looks very well on paper and in theory, but will | by this time between three and four feet high. The certainly never become more than theory in this upright posts confined the body on either side, and country, with all the associations connected with prevented the possibility of its rolling off. Small “Christian burial."
Ūlocks of sandal-wood of various lengths-from six It is only fair to say that the doctrine of the resur- inches to two feet--were placed lightly on the body. rection of the dead is in no way affected by the pro. The deceased's son then took a brazen vessel full of posal
, for we know that matter is indestructible, and water and carefully sprinkled a circle on the earth if thé resurrection inplies a restoration of atoms around the funeral pile. IIo next seized a brand present at death, this can be as easily done after dis- from the sacred fire and applied it to some dried persion by
“ cremation" as after “humation." leaves or similar combustibles placed under the pyre. How the practice is effected in the Last we see in That did not set fire to the pile, however, and was the painful and repulsive report of the cremation of not intended to be more than a compliance with the Mr. Narayan Wassodeo, given in the “ Times of ceremonial; the brand was red, but not blazing, and Indin," August Cth, 1874.
a spark or tivo only fell from it. The relatives were The remains of the Hon. Narayan Wassodeo, thon, as is usual in such cases, led away from the member of the Legislative Council of Bombay, whose pyre by the friends around, so as to spare their laniented death through the fall of a building was re- feelings as much as possible. When they were ported by telegraph, were solemnly cremated on the taken a few yards off and their backs turned to the burning-ground at Sonapore. The body was placed, pyre, large logs similar to those at the base were after it was recovered from under the ruins, on tho placed over the body, which now became completely floor of a large apartment at the rear of one of the concealed - all but the feet, which were left exposed wings of the house, and the female members of the cither by accident or design. The friends applied family, seating themselves around it, gave them- matches to the sandal-wood brands, and, when they selves up to uncontrollablo grief. The unhappy blazed up, set fire to the combustibles.
Owing widow was overwhelmed by the dreadful calamity doubtless to the dampness of the ground, and occawhich had befallen her. A great number of the sional drops of rain, it was a matter of some diffileading members of the European and various native culty to get the mass to burn. Cocoanut oil was communities called and took a last look at the re- thrown on the wood, and screens were held by men so mains as they lay covered with a white robe, the as to regulate the draught, and after a long interval lower part of the face being alone exposed. It the pyre blazed up fiercely. In three hours only was at first intended to perform the last offices a handful of ashes remained of him who was but on the ground adjacent to the temple at Wal- that morning the influential leader of the Hindoo keshwar, but ultimately it was considered that community, full of life and hope. the burning - ground at Sonapore would be a more appropriate scene, for there Mr. Narayan had, at considerable cost, erected a place of shelter for mourners, planted trees, and in other ways shown his munificence. The procession started about 7 P.M. The bier, composed of two long pieces of
Varieties. bamboo with a couple of cross-pieces, and covered with a rich white shawl, was upheld by the deceased's eldest brother and three of his most intimate friends gives some useful practical hints on building materials, and
House BUILDING. -A correspondent of “ Land and Water and relatives-Mr. Rugunath Narayan, Mr. Shan- low to put them together. The first question in building a taram Narayan, and Dr. Shantaram Withul. The house is, shall it be of brick or stone The arguments in Sacred fire, which had been kiudled with due cere- favour of cach are-1st, for brick-that it is cheaper, more firemonies at the house, was carried in front in a brazen proof (as was shown in the Chicago fire), and (as a rule) more vessel by the deceased's son. The funeral vas
easily procured. 2nd, for stone that it looks better, and is
more adapted for ornamental portions of the house, such as largely attended not only by members of his own pillars, etc. And, first, as to expense. If you have a stone caste, but by those of other castes and denomina- quarry on your estate, or can by any other means get your stone tions. When the procession reached Sonapore, the for nothing, the expense of quarrying and cutting it is about bier was placed on the ground while the pyre was
the same as the cost of bricks. The advantage of bricks being being constructed. Men with short crowbars made house burning would not be suflicient to crack its walls
, if they
more tireproof is not much in the country, as the heat of one six holes in the earth, and in each of these was were well and solidly made. In building a really good house, placed a rough piece of timber about four or five I think it is best to employ stone, it looks much better, and feet high. The posts, ranged two and two, were
building his own house being a thing which a man seldom does about å yard distant from each other. Threo logs spoken of stucco houses, for I do not suppose that any man
more than once in his life, he should do it well. I have not about six feet long each were placed on pieces of prefers a sham to the genuine thing, or fancies he is living in a wood between each pair of uprights, so as to allow stone house, because half-an-inch of plaster is laubed over the a free draught under the whole. A number of bricks; besides, stucco houses, unless painted, have an insinaller logs were placed on these large ones, and pleasant habit of becoming very dark all over in wet weather, were covered with sandal-wood, which made a sort and then drying in patches. Let your stone be cut into large
square blocks, and whatever you do, don't build your house, as of bed for the reception of the body. While this was
is sometimes done, of pieces of stone of all shapes, which give being done, a number of torches of sandal-wood the general effect of a mud cottage enlarged. If money is any were being carefully ignited by the deceased's son object to you, remember that the nearer the shape of your at the sacred fire which he had brought with him for house is to a perfect square, the more room you will get for the purpose. Prayers were said while the ignition walls is twenty feet long, you will have eighty feet of wall to
your For example, if it is a square, and each of the was in progress. All being ready, the bier was build, and each floor will contain 400 square feet. But if your brought to the side of the pyre, and the body was house is oblong, two of the walls being each thirty feet long, other ills to which hops are heir, the brewer will get whatever four divisions of the army, marched down Broadway to South Ferry, and took special cars for the Cypress Hills Cemetery.
and the other two each ten feet, though you still have eighty | knowingly and publicly will assert, that the modern Roman feet of wall to build, each floor will only contain 300 square Bishop himself, or any successor whoever, in that bishopric, is feet. Let your mortar be made with hair, good silver-sand, and not the Pope, is not the supreme Pontiff, is not the universal the best lime ; unless you specially insist on this you will get a Bishop, nor the most holy Lord, but only the Bishop of Rome mixture of lime and mud. The roof of a stone honse should be or Pontiff (as was the custom in primitive times). And we covered with slate, and let there be casy access to it from the ourselves, with all our power, knowledge, and ability, will inside, in order to shovel off snow, clear out the pipes, ete. firmly guard both the laws and statutes of this kingdom for the The rain-water from the roof should run into a tank for extirpation and removal of the Papacy, and of the authority garden purposes; do not let any of it get into your fresh-water and jurisdiction of the said Bishop of Rome, whensoever pube cistern. Let all your beams be of well-seasoned oak, it is false lished or enacted, or to be publisherl, or to be enacted ; and economy to use anything else. Let the walls of your (stone)
we will take care and cause as far as it may be in our power, house be lined with brick, it will keep it much dryer and that they be so guarded by others. Nor hereafter will we appeal warmer, and be more convenient for many things, as fastening to the said Bishop of Rome, nor will we consent to any one up picture rods, putting up cupboards, etc. Let all perpen- | making appeal, nor in his court will we plead for right and dicular beams and posts be placed the wrong way ur, i.e., let justice, nor reply to any pleadings, nor in that court will we the end at which, when they were trees, the roots grew, be the sustain the character of the accuser or the accused. And what upper end : when the post or beam is embedded in the ground, ever notice the said Bishop by his messengers or by letter this will in a great measure prevent its rotting, and in all cases convey to us, of whatever nature it may be, as quickly as we it will be thus less intlammable. When a perpendicular beam conveniently can, we will communicate, or cause it to be comrests on the centre of a horizontal one, which is only supported municated, to your Royal Majesty or your Secretaries of State, at the ends, the horizontal beam would not be weakened by or to your successors, or their Secretaries of State. And wie cutting a place to let in the other, but four stops should be will neither send nor cause to be sent letters or messengers to screwed on its surface to make a place in which to fit the per- the same Bishop of Rome or to his court, unless with the knowpendicular. I close with a few hints :-- 1st. Let your stone be ledge and consent of your Majesty, that the said letters or cut into the required shape at the quarry, otherwise you have messengers inay be conveyed to him. We will not obtain any to pay for the carting of much that is afterwards thrown away Bulls, Briefs, or Rescripts whatsoever for ourselves or for others as retinse. 2nd. Do not allow beams to be fastened with iron from the Bishop of Rome or from his court, nor that such may nails or bolts ; use old oak pegs instead ; the iron rusts the be obtained by any one, will we advise. And if such instruwood and is not safe ir frosty weather. 3rd. The foundation ments, general or particular, shall be obtained for us in our walls should be built on a firm bottom of concrete ; and let all ignorance and without our knowledge, or shall be granted in your cellar doorways be good arches-they will be better able to any way whatever, we will repudiate them and will not consent support the weight above than square ones. 4th. Never use to them, nor will we use them in any manner, but we will as cement where hair mortar will answer the purpose ; good speedily as possible. take care that the bearers of them shall mortar is the very best thing of its kinil. 5th. Let all your give them up to your Majesty or to your successors." drains be of socket-pipes, i.e., pipes that fit one another, and take care that you always have curved pipes for the corners. I Hops. — There is always something wrong with the hops. have heard of workmen, to save the trouble of getting a curved When the smut, or the tly, the flea, and the other entomological one, laying a straight one across, with of course a leak at each plagnies that assail it have for the time ceased their ravanes, joint 6th. Let all cellars be well drained ; people usually another pest is sure to turn up, or a new atmospherical difficulty think cellars can drain themselves. 7th. A circuit of drain to arise which will diminish the yield of ihe plant. It is pipes round the house about eighteen inches from the walls and only right, however, to point out that the result of the hop ihree or four feet below the surface will materially assist in season is seldom, if ever, quite so bad as the vivid faney of local keeping the walls dry, but should not of course be used as a reporters paints it. The brewer generally manages to have an water drain. 8th. Have no drains under the house unless you ample choice of fair samples from Kent and Worcestershire, how arc fond of fever,
much soever the factors may lament that the hopis in their par DECORATION DAY.-Saturday, the 30th of May, is observed combined with their exquisite bitter, they are so highly prized.
ticular neighbourhool lack “that beautiful aroma for whirh, in all parts of the United States in memory of the soldiers who The convincing proof that, taking season by season, hojis can: fell during the late war. The day has become a legal holiday, the banks and exchanges being closed, and the custom-house the season may apparently yield, it is quite worth his while to
be very unprofitable to the grower, is that, no matter what only open till 10 A.M. for clearance of vessels. In New York and the neighbouring cities the floral offerings, processions, and contime the cultivation. Formerly, when the home market other features of the occasion, were this year upon a very and the shorter the crop the dearer the market, and so much the
was entirely his own, he did not need to care so much, since scale, and witnessed by vast crowels. The decorating of solliers'
But graves was carried out with such a display of flowers and plants
more did he get for what he hail succeeded in larvesting.
now all the continent and the United States send us hops, ani as luas probably never before been witnessed upon this memorial day. At Union Square there was a large gathering at early prices are fairly equalised, so that the grower can never leuk morning The granite base which surrounds the statue of
for extravagant returns. Yet he cultivates the plant as much Lincoln was a maze of flowering plants in pots. Woven in the
as ever, and seems to thrive on the process. We are prepurel evergreen surface in white flowers on the north side was the
to find that, despite fleas and mould and red rust, and all the motto, "Charity to all.” At 10 A.M. a procession, headed by he wants, and the popular beverage will not be a whit deficient
in aroma and pungency:-Daily Telegraph. Here a speech was made by General Joseph C. Jackson, and two Dog FIGHTS AND PIGEON MATCHES.—The aliir of the or three large blooming plants were set on each soldier's grave. The graves here number 3,000, of which 400 are tenanted by the time, and the truth or falsehood of the story has never been
“ Dwarf and dog fight" at Hanley made a great sensation at the remains of Confederate soldiers, but all alike were decorated clearly ascertained. on this occasion. The services at Greenwood Cemetery were
But there is nothing incredible in the unusually impressive, and the decoration upon the largest scale.
report ; nor was there any just ground for making the incident The ceremonies were witnessed by at least ten thousand persons.
a text for moralising on the degradeel condition of the people of
the district where it occurred. In every large town there will -Vew York Observer.
be found many to take delight in brutal sports and spectacles. Ayri-PAPAL PROTEST FROM CAMBRIDGE. - The Act of More than this, we believe if such an "event" were advertised Supremacy, under Henry vill, however it may be objected to in London, thousands would flock to witness it. Thousands do for its Erastian tone, giving overdue authority to the Civil flock to witness sports of a still more cruel and degrading kind. power in the Church, was in its origin a truly anti-papal pro- The pigeon-shooting matches at Hurlingham and elsewhere are test. On the 23rd of October, 1585, the University of Cam- really more discreditable than the Hanley dog fight. In that bridge made a public declaration, of which the following is an case both of the brutes were able to take care of themselves, and extract, translated from the original Latin :-“We do aftirin, had a fair chance in the encounter. But at a pigeon inatel, and we do openly declare, and we will declare, and we will dili. the poor, trembling, helpless birds are cruelly mangled for the gently strive that others shall declare, that the Roman Papacy lust of gain, or the love of excitement; and the scene is has not been ordained and appointed by God in the Holy Scrip- patronised by others besiles professional blacklegs and betting tures ; and we will not take part with any mortal men what- An American piper, after quoting the report of a nicet. ever, privately or publicly, or will we consent that the Roman ing at Hurlingham, and the names of " officers and gentleinen Pontiti may have or exercise here any longer any authority or and others present, refrained from comment, except these words, jurisdiction, or hereafter may be restored to the same ; and we “We can only read and wonder."
"DESOLD IN THESE WHAT LEISURE HOURS DEMAND,- AMUSEMENT AND TRUE KNOWLEDGE UAND IN RAND.". Couper.
A TALE OF HALLOWE’EN.
the Elliots of Boglesholo ford ; and others besides, whose names I canna at present bring to mind. But
there were walth (numbers) o' us, and a bonnie
I that night! and as usual there was a merry Bell was changed, the rest of the family werena, but gathering of young folk at Haughead. There were were just as ready as ever for any simple diversion the Deanside lads and lassies; Jamie had now got a like this; and maybe they thought it might do her farm of his own in a different county, and of course good, for she was a petted bairn with all her friends. wasna one of them ; there were the Dicks o' Hazel- It was a cantie sight to see the house shining brae; Ringan Jardine's family from the Todholes; with light as I and some others came up the brae. No. 1198.- DECEMBER 12, 1874.
PRICE ONE PENNY.
It was a cold night, but the mere thought of the had a mouth from lug to lug, that was shaped more great rousing fires, and of the kindly welcome before like a codfish's than a man's. And amidst all the us, made us warm and cheery. I mind, however, fun, and when everybody else was just shaking their being awful frighted at the thought of meeting sides with laughing, I never saw Bell smile but Jenny in the shade of the fir wood, and creeping once, and that was when wee Jeanie Dick, a bit very close to my neighbours; but I canna say that I fair-haired bairnie of six years old, grippit the last saw anything worse than mysell either then or at any apple-it was a very small one-that half a dozen other time. None o' the rest seemed to like the dark- grown folk had failed to catch. She afterwards took ness of the trees any better than I did, and we werena the bit bairn by the hand and kept her beside her, long of speeling the brae. But when we entered the though she seldom spoke to her. house and saw the preparations the mistress had Well, when we were done with the apples-and made for the company, the whole of our tongues-- 'deed my jaws were sore with the gaping for two and they hadna beon quiet before except in the gloom days after it-away we went.in a body to the garden of the wood--were quickened with very joyfulness. to pull the stocks. But I noticed that Bell didna Such a grand tea as was spread out on that long come farther with us than to the end of the house, mahogany table in the parlour! Such loads of hung | but waited there till we came back; and I think beef, and cheese, and buttered toast, that must have nobody observed it but me, for it was a dark night, taken the lassies an hour to make, and was now although there were stars out. I was sure there keeping warm on servers before the fire! Such farls were traces of tears on her face as the light fell on it of short bread and mountains of currant bun, no to when we entered the house again. mention sponge biscuit and jeelie! I trow there was A bonnie gap we made in the mistress's kailnothing shabby ever at Haughead-the mistress aye yard-I hope the kail-pot didna suffer for’t during put her best foot foremost when she had company; the winter. It was a real diversion to see us wading and 'deed when all were served there wasna muckle among the stocks, all of us as earnest about it as if over, for a walk on a November night or a hurl in a our future lot really depended on the choice we cart is wonderfully improving to the appetite. made. As for me, I grippit in the darkness an old
I Bell was just as quiet as was her usual now, but bowed runt of a stock-you ken, Mr. Matther, it's I couldna help thinking, young as I was—I was a the rule to take what you first put hands on—that I gey gleg gilpie, though, o' my age—that though her was black affronted to let the others see; and 'deed cheek was pale, and her merry smile gone, sho was they made plenty of jokes about it before the night far bonnier than ever. There was a mournful kind was by. An old crook-backit man was to be my of look in her face, and a gentleness in her manner weird (lot), they all said, and a poor one too, for as she helped her mother to serve the folk, that some- there was little earth sticking to the roots o't; but way went to my heart, and I could have grat as I truly, Mr. Matthew, he's never made his appearance looked at her. I saw, too, that the young men yet, and I think never will. But I was mnekle inwould fain have made up to her, but she wouldna clined to lay the stock about Jock Elliot's ears, for let them.
he was an awful fellow for fun, and I thought he It was just the same when we went butt to the never would give over with his bantering. kitchen, which was all redd up for our Hallowe'en When we had tasted the stocks to ken the temgames; she aye tried to keep in the background, she pers of the husbands and wives we were to have, that used to be the foremost in every diversion. I and had fixed them in a row above the outer door would fain have tried to cheer her up, but I was for the names—there were at least twenty of themsome years younger than her, and I was bashful, we took to the clean and dirty water and empty like most lassies of my age. However, I couldna bowl; then to the dropping of the egg, and syne to keep from watching her. She seldom spoke unless burning nuts. And, well-a-wat! the mistress had she was first spoken to, and I noticed that she aye provided a good stock of them. Well
, as we were made a full stop before answering, as if her thoughts busy with the nuts, I got a glint of a face outside had been far away and she had to call them back to the window watching us. I saw it just for a moment, consider what had been said to her. Poor thing! as it were, while the light of the fire happened to little did the thoughtless creatures about her ken glimmer on the een, which I could have sworn were what an awful dread and terror were weighing at fixed on Bell, who was sitting sad and quiet like that very time on her heart.
behind her mother, and then it vanished. Bell We began the night first of all, of course, with herself didna notice it; her look was cast down on dooking for apples. The mistress had a big washing the floor, and she was evidently thinking sore sore boyne half full o' water set in the middle of the about something. I said nothing about the face to kitchen floor, and about a dozen apples were tum- anybody, supposing it might be some neighbour's mult into it at a time. We took our turns of dooking servant-lad, who had stolen up the brae to have a for them, and, well-a-wat! it was good fun to see how look at the fun, but wouldna like to have it kent; drookit somo got, both lads and lassies, the water and because I fearod Jock's bantering about Jenny. streaming down from their hair and lugs (ears) | When we went out to pull the stocks I had seen and een, with plunging their heads too far down in some one steal away out of sight among the stacks. hunting for some red-cheeked apple that they couldna I was persuaded it was a man, or I might have catch, though it bobbed against their lips. Such thought about Jenny and raised an outcry, for I was choking, and rubbing of een, and laughing as there no wiser about ghosts in those days than my neighwas az.ong them! The din might have been heard bours; and the powers o' darkness, it was always half a mile off, and must have disturbed Jenny if she understood, were more than usually busy on a Halloir
a was on the walk.
e'en night. The recollection of this made me watch The muckle-mouthed ones had the best luck, and the window for a time; but there was so much fun there was one lad—they called him Sandy Scott- going on round about me that at last I forgot all that grippit two at once twice running : but Sandy | about the face, and even about Bell.